1Then the entire community of the Israelites#Literally “sons/children of Israel” came to the desert of Zin on the first month, and the people stayed in Kadesh; Miriam died and was buried there.
2There was no water for the community, and they were gathered before Moses and Aaron. 3And the people quarreled with Moses and spoke, saying, “If only we died when our brothers were dying before#Literally “in the presence of” Yahweh! 4Why have you brought the assembly of Yahweh, us and our livestock, into this desert to die here? 5Why have you brought us from Egypt to bring us to this bad place? It is not a place of seed or figs#Hebrew “fig” or vines#Hebrew “vine” or pomegranate trees,#Hebrew “tree” and there is not water to drink.” 6And Moses and Aaron went from the presence of the assembly to the doorway of the tent of assembly. They fell on their faces, and the glory of Yahweh appeared to them. 7Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying, 8“Take the staff and summon the community, you and Aaron your brother, and speak to the rock before their eyes, and it will give water. Bring out for them water from the rock, and let the community and their livestock drink.”
9So Moses took the staff from before#Literally “in the presence of” Yahweh just as he command him, 10and Moses and Aaron summoned the assembly to the presence of the rock, and he said to them, “Please listen, you rebels; can we bring out water for you from this rock?” 11Then Moses lifted up his hand and struck the rock with his staff twice. And abundant water went out, and the community and their livestock drank. 12But Yahweh said to Moses and Aaron, “Because you have not trusted in me, to regard me as holy in the sight of#Or “before the eyes of” the Israelites,#Literally “sons/children of Israel” you will not bring this assembly into the land that I have given to them.” 13Those were the waters of Meribah, where the Israelites#Literally “sons/children of Israel” quarreled with Yahweh, and he showed himself holy among them.
14From Kadesh Moses sent messengers to the king of Edom: “Thus your brother Israel has said, ‘You know all the hardship that has found us; 15our ancestors#Or “fathers” went down to Egypt, and we lived in Egypt a long time,#Literally “many days” and the Egyptians mistreated us and our ancestors.#Or “fathers” 16Then we cried to Yahweh, and he heard our voice; he sent an angel and brought us out from Egypt. And look, we are in Kadesh, a city on the edge of your territory. 17Please let us go through your land. We will not go through a field or vineyard, and we will not drink water from a well. We will go along the road of the king; we will not turn aside right or left until we have gone through your territory.’ ”
18Then Edom said to him, “You will not pass through us#Hebrew “me” lest we will go out#Hebrew “I will go out” to meet you with the sword.” 19The Israelites#Literally “sons/children of Israel” said to him, “We will go up on the main road, and if we#Hebrew “I” and our livestock#Hebrew “my livestock” drink your water, we will pay for it.#Hebrew “I will give their worth” It is only a small matter; let us pass through on our feet.”#Hebrew “I will go through on my feet” 20But he said, “You will not go through.” And Edom went out to meet them#Hebrew “him” with a large army and a strong hand. 21So Edom refused to give Israel passage through his territory, and Israel turned aside from him.
22And they set out from Kadesh. The Israelites,#Literally “sons/children of Israel” the whole community, came to Mount Hor. 23Yahweh said to Moses and to Aaron on Mount Hor, on the boundary of the land of Edom, saying, 24“Let Aaron be gathered to his people; he will not come into the land that I have given to the Israelites#Literally “sons/children of Israel” because you rebelled against my word#Literally “my mouth” at the waters of Meribah. 25Take Aaron and Eleazar his son, and take them up Mount Hor. 26Strip off Aaron’s garments, and put them on Eleazar his son; Aaron will be gathered to his people, and he will die there.” 27So Moses did just as Yahweh commanded, and they went up to Mount Hor before the eyes of all the community. 28And Moses stripped off Aaron’s garments and put them on Eleazar his son. Aaron died there on the top of the mountain; and Moses and Eleazar went down from the mountain. 29All the community saw that Aaron died; so all the house of Israel wept for Aaron thirty days.#Hebrew “day”
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