Yahweh Brings a Charge against Israel
1Hear now what Yahweh says:
“Arise! Plead your case with the mountains,
and let the hills hear your voice.”
2Hear, O mountains, the indictment of Yahweh,
and you eternal foundations of the earth,
for Yahweh has an indictment against his people,
and against Israel he contends.
3“O my people, what have I done to you,
and how have I wearied you? Answer me!
4For I brought you up from the land of Egypt,
and from the house of slavery I redeemed you.
And I sent Moses, Aaron, and Miriam before you.
5O my people, remember what Balak the king of Moab devised,
and what Balaam the son of Beor answered him,
and what happened from Shittim to Gilgal,
so that you might know the righteous acts of Yahweh.”
What Does Yahweh Require?
6With what shall I approach Yahweh,
and bow down to God on high?
Shall I approach him with burnt offerings,
with bull calves a year old?
7Will Yahweh be pleased with thousands of rams,
with myriads of rivers of oil?
Shall I give my firstborn for my transgression,
the fruit of my body for the sin of my soul?
8He has told you, O mortal, what is good,
and what does Yahweh ask from you
but to do justice, and to love kindness,
and to walk humbly with your God?
The Destruction of the Wicked
9The voice of Yahweh calls to the city
(it is sound judgment to fear your name):
“Hear, O staff!#Or “tribe” Now who has appointed it?
10Is there any longer a man in the house of the wicked
treasures of wickedness,
and the ephah of scarcity which is accursed?#The meaning of the Hebrew text is uncertain
11Shall I regard as pure the one with scales of wickedness,
and with a bag of deceitful weights?
12Because her rich are full of violence,
and her inhabitants speak lies,
and their tongue is deceitful in their mouth.
13And I also have made you sick by striking you down,#Literally “I have made sick to strike you down”
making you desolate because of your sins.
14You yourself will eat but not be satisfied;
your hunger will be in your midst,
and you will put away, but you will not save,
and what you save I will hand over to the sword.
15You yourself will sow, but you will not reap;
you will tread olives, but you will not anoint yourself with oil;
you will tread grapes, but you will not drink wine.
16For you have observed the regulations of Omri
and all the works of the house of Ahab.
And you have walked in their counsels,
so that I am making you a desolation
and your inhabitants an object of scorn.
So you will bear the scorn of my people.