27
Instructions About Vows
1Then#Or “And” Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying, 2“Speak to the Israelites,#Literally “sons/children of Israel” and say#Or “and you shall say” to them, ‘When a man makes a vow according to your#Singular when modifying “proper value” throughout the entire chapter proper value of persons to Yahweh, 3if#Or “and” your proper value is for a male#Hebrew “the male” from twenty years of age#Literally “a son of twenty years” up to#Or “and up to” sixty years of age,#Literally “a son of sixty years” then#Or “and” your proper value shall be fifty shekels of money according to the sanctuary’s shekel. 4But#Or “And” if it is for a female, then#Or “and” your proper value shall be thirty shekels. 5And if from five years of age#Literally “a son of five years” up to#Or “and up to” twenty years of age,#Literally “a son of twenty years” then#Or “and” your proper value shall be twenty shekels for the male and ten shekels for the female. 6And if from a month of age#Literally “a son of a month” up to#Or “and up to” five years of age,#Literally “a son of five years” then#Or “and” your proper value shall be five shekels of money for the male, and your proper value for the female shall be three shekels of money. 7And if from sixty years of age#Literally “a son of sixty years” and above: if a male, then#Or “and” your proper value shall be fifteen shekels; and for the female, ten shekels. 8But#Or “And” if he is poorer than your proper value, then#Or “and” he shall present himself before#Literally “to the faces of” the priest, and the priest shall set a value on him; the priest shall value him according to#Literally “on a mouth of” what the person who made a vow can afford.#Literally “his hand produces”
9“ ‘And if it is a domestic animal from which they present an offering for Yahweh, all that he gives from it for Yahweh shall be a holy object. 10He shall not replace it, nor shall he exchange it, either good with bad or bad with good; and if he indeed exchanges a domestic animal with a domestic animal, then#Or “and” it and its substitution shall be a holy object.#Literally “it shall be and its substitution shall be holy” 11But#Or “And” if it is any unclean animal from which they may not present an offering for Yahweh, then#Or “and” he shall present the animal before#Literally “to the faces of” the priest. 12And the priest shall set a value on it, either good or bad;#Literally “between good and between bad” as the priest sets your proper value, so it shall be. 13And if he indeed wants to redeem it, then#Or “and” he shall add a fifth of it onto your proper value.
14“ ‘And if a man consecrates his house as a holy object for Yahweh, then#Or “and” the priest shall set a value on it, either good or bad;#Literally “between good and between bad” just as the priest sets a value on it, so it shall remain. 15But#Or “And” if the one who consecrates it wants to redeem his house, then#Or “and” he shall add a fifth of your proper value’s money onto it, and it shall be his.
16“ ‘And if a man consecrates some of#Literally “from” his property’s fields#Collective singular; Hebrew “field” for Yahweh, then#Or “and” your proper value shall be in accordance with its seed requirements:#Literally “to the number of its seed” a homer of barley seed for fifty shekels of money. 17If he consecrates his field from the Year of Jubilee, it shall stand as your proper value. 18But#Or “And” if he consecrates his field after the Jubilee, then#Or “and” the priest shall calculate the money for him according to the number of years#Literally “on the mouth of the years” that are left over until the Year of Jubilee; and it shall be deducted from your proper value. 19And if he indeed redeems the field that is consecrated, then#Or “and” he shall add a fifth of your proper value’s money onto it, and it shall stand for#Or “remain for” or “belong to” him. 20And if he does not redeem the field and if he sells the field to another man, it may not be redeemed again, 21and the field shall be a holy object for Yahweh when it goes out#Or “is released” or “reverts” in the Jubilee, like a devoted#Or “permanently set apart”; a different Hebrew word than previously translated “consecrated” in this chapter field; it shall be the priest’s property.#Literally “to/for the priest it shall be his property”
22“ ‘And if he consecrates for Yahweh his acquired#Or “purchased” field that is not the field of his inherited possession, 23then#Or “and” the priest shall calculate for him the amount#Literally “number” of your proper value until the year of the Jubilee, and he shall give your proper value on that day as a holy object for Yahweh. 24In the Year of the Jubilee the field shall return to the one who bought it from him, to the one whose property the land is. 25And every proper value of yours shall be in the sanctuary’s shekel—the shekel shall be twenty gerahs.
26“ ‘However, a man shall not consecrate a firstborn among livestock, which belongs as firstborn to Yahweh; whether an ox or#Literally “whether” or “if” small livestock, it is for Yahweh. 27And if it is among the unclean animals, then#Or “and” he shall ransom it according to your proper value, and he shall add a fifth of its value onto it; and if it is not redeemed, then#Or “and” it shall be sold according to your proper value. 28However, anything devoted#Or “permanently set apart”; a different Hebrew word than previously translated “consecrated” in this chapter that a man has devoted to Yahweh from all that he has,#Literally “from all that is for him” from human or#Or “and” animal, or#Or “and” from the field of his property, may not be sold, and it may not be redeemed; anything devoted is a most holy thing#Literally “a holy thing of holy things” for Yahweh. 29Anyone devoted who is devoted from human beings#Literally “the human” cannot be ransomed—he shall surely be put to death.
30“ ‘And any tithe of the land from the land’s seed or from the fruit of the trees is for Yahweh; it is a holy object for Yahweh. 31And if a man indeed redeems from his tithe, he shall add a fifth of its value onto it. 32As for#Or “And” every tithe of cattle or#Or “and” of the flock,#The Hebrew term refers collectively to both sheep and goats (small livestock animals) all which crosses under the rod, the tenth shall be a holy object for Yahweh. 33He shall not inspect between the good and the bad, and he shall not exchange it; but#Or “and” if he indeed exchanges it, then#Or “and” it and its substitution shall be#Literally “it shall be and its substitution shall be” a holy object—it shall not be redeemed.’ ”
34These are the commands that Yahweh commanded Moses for the Israelites#Literally “sons/children of Israel” on Mount Sinai.#Literally “the mountain of Sinai”
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