The Vision of a Small Horn that Oppresses Israel and Threatens the Temple
1In the third year of the kingdom of Belshazzar the king, a vision appeared to me, Daniel,#Literally “I Daniel” after the one that appeared to me previously.#Literally “in the beginning” 2And I saw in the vision, and when I saw,#Literally “and it was at my seeing” I was in Susa, the citadel that was in the province of Elam. And I saw in the vision, and I myself#Literally “I, I was” was at the stream of Ulai.#Or “Ulai Canal” (NASB); “stream of the Ulai” (NEB) 3And I lifted up my eyes and I saw, and look! A ram#Hebrew “One ram” standing before#Literally “to the face of” the stream, and it had#Literally “for it” two horns, and the horns were long, but the one was longer than the second, and the longer one came up after the other one.#Literally “in the behind of the other” 4I saw the ram charging westward and northward and southward, and none of the beasts stood before it,#Literally “all the beasts not they withstood to the face of him” and there was no rescuing from its power,#Literally “its hand” and it did what it wanted#Literally “according to its will” and it became strong.#Or “it/he magnified itself/himself”
5And I was considering this, and look, a he-goat coming from the west across the face of the whole earth, and it was not touching the ground;#Or “earth,” or “land” and the he-goat had a conspicuous horn#Literally “a horn of vision” between its eyes. 6Then it came toward the ram that had the two horns#Literally “the owner of the two horns” that I saw standing before#Literally “to the face of” the stream, and it ran at it with#Or “in” the rage of its power. 7And I saw it approaching the ram and it was furious at it, and it struck the ram, and it broke its two horns, and there was not strength in the ram to stand before him,#Literally “and not was strength in the ram to withstand to the face of him” and he threw it down to the ground and trampled it, and there was no one who could rescue the ram#Literally “and not he/it was one rescuing” from its power. 8And the he-goat grew exceedingly great,#Literally “until much” and at the height of its power#Literally “and at his being powerful” the great horn was broken, and four conspicuous horns#LXX reads “others” here for “conspicuous.” The words in Hebrew can be confused for each other came up in place of it toward the four winds of heaven.
9And from one of them#Literally “And from the one from them” came forth a horn, a little one,#Literally “one from little” and it grew exceedingly#Or “pre-eminently” toward the south, and toward the east, and toward the beautiful land. 10And it grew up to the host of heaven, and it threw down to the ground some of the host and some of the stars and trampled them. 11Even against the prince of the hosts it acted arrogantly and took away from him the regular burnt offering, and the place of his sanctuary was overthrown. 12And on account of transgression, the host was given over to the horn in addition to the regular burnt offering. And it cast down truth to the ground, and it acted,#Literally “did” and it had success.
13And I heard a certain holy one speaking, and a certain other holy one said to the specific one who was speaking,#Literally “the one speaking” “For how long#Literally “Until when” is the vision concerning the regular burnt offering, and the transgression that makes desolate, and the giving over of the sanctuary and the host to trampling?” 14And he said to me, “For two thousand three hundred evenings and mornings, then the sanctuary will be restored.”
Gabriel Gives Angelic Help and Interprets the Vision
15And then#Literally “And it happened” when I, Daniel, saw the vision, and I was seeking understanding, there was one standing before me with the appearance of a man. 16And I heard the voice of a human at the Ulai, and he called and said, “Gabriel, make this man understand the vision.” 17And he came beside where I was standing,#Literally “my standing” and when he came#Literally “at his coming” I became terrified and I fell prostrate on my face. And he said to me, “Understand, son of man,#Or “mortal,” or “son of humankind” that the vision is for the time of the end.”
18And when he spoke#Literally “at his speaking” with me I fell into a trance with my face to the ground, and he touched me and made me stand on by feet. 19And he said, “Look, I am making known to you what will happen in the period of wrath,#Or “the wrath” for it refers to the appointed time of the end.
20“The ram that you saw who had two horns#Literally “the owner of the two horns” represents the kings of Media and Persia.
21“And the hairy he-goat is the kingdom#Literally “king” of Greece, and the great horn that is between his eyes—he is the first king. 22And the horn that was broken, and then there arose four horns in place of it—these are four kingdoms that will arise from his nation, but not with his power. 23And at the end of their kingdom, when the transgressions are completed, a king will arise, fierce in countenance and skilled in riddles. 24And his power will grow, but not by his own power, and he will cause fearful destruction, and he will succeed and he will act,#Literally “he will do” and he will destroy the mighty and the people of the holy ones.#Or “saints” 25And by his planning#Or “cunning” he will make a success of deceit by#Hebrew “in” his hand, and in his mind#Literally “heart” he will boast,#Literally “magnify himself” and in their ease he will destroy many, and even against the prince of princes he will rise up, and he will be broken, but not by human hands. 26And the vision of the evening and the morning that has been described,#Literally “told” it is true; and you, seal up the vision, for it refers to many days to come.”#Literally “for to days many”
27And I, Daniel, was overcome, and I became ill for some days, and I performed#Literally “did” the business of the king, and I was dismayed over the vision and I did not understand it.#Literally “there was not understanding”