15
The Jerusalem Council
1 And some men came down from Judea and#*Here “and” is supplied because the previous participle (“came down”) has been translated as a finite verb began teaching#*The imperfect tense has been translated as ingressive here (“began teaching”) the brothers, “Unless you are circumcised according to the custom prescribed by Moses, you cannot be saved.” 2And after#*Here “after” is supplied as a component of the temporal genitive absolute participle (“was”) there was no little strife and debate by Paul and Barnabas against them, they appointed Paul and Barnabas and some others from among them to go up to the apostles and elders in Jerusalem concerning this issue. 3So they were sent on their way by the church, and#*Here “and” is supplied because the previous participle (“were sent on their way”) has been translated as a finite verb passed through both Phoenicia and Samaria, telling in detail the conversion of the Gentiles and bringing great joy to all the brothers. 4And when they#*Here “when” is supplied as a component of the participle (“arrived”) which is understood as temporal arrived in Jerusalem, they were received by the church and the apostles and the elders, and reported all that God had done with them. 5But some of those who had believed from the party of the Pharisees stood up, saying, “It is necessary to circumcise them and to command them#*Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation to observe the law of Moses!”
6Both the apostles and the elders assembled to deliberate concerning this matter. 7And after#*Here “after” is supplied as a component of the temporal genitive absolute participle (“was”) there was much debate, Peter stood up and#*Here “and” is supplied because the previous participle (“stood up”) has been translated as a finite verb said to them, “Men and brothers, you know that in the early days#Or “from ancient days” God chose among you through my mouth that the Gentiles should hear the message of the gospel and believe. 8And God, who knows the heart, testified to them by#*Here “by” is supplied as a component of the participle (“giving”) which is understood as means giving them#*Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation the Holy Spirit, just as he also did to us. 9And he made no distinction between us and them, cleansing their hearts by faith. 10So now why are you putting God to the test by#*Here “by” is supplied as a component of the infinitive (“placing”) which is understood as means placing on the neck of the disciples a yoke that neither our fathers nor we have been able to bear? 11But we believe we will be saved through the grace of the Lord Jesus in the same#Literally “which” way those also are.” 12And the whole group became silent and listened to Barnabas and Paul describing all the signs and wonders God had done among the Gentiles through them. 13And after they had stopped speaking, James answered, saying, “Men and brothers, listen to me! 14Simeon has described how God first concerned himself to take from among the Gentiles a people for his name. 15And with this the words of the prophets agree, just as it is written:
16‘After these things I will return
and build up again the tent of David that has fallen,
and the parts of it that had been torn down I will build up again
and will restore it,
17so that the rest of humanity may seek the Lord,
even all the Gentiles#The same Greek word can be translated “nations” or “Gentiles” depending on the context who are called by my name,#Literally “on whom my name has been called on them”
says the Lord,#A quotation from Amos 9:11–12 who makes these things 18known from of old.’#The last phrase of v. 17 and all of v. 18 is an allusion to Isa 45:21
19Therefore I conclude we should not cause difficulty for those from among the Gentiles who turn to God, 20but we should write a letter to them to abstain from the pollution of idols and from sexual immorality and from what has been strangled and from blood. 21For Moses has those who proclaim him in every city from ancient generations, because he#*Here “because” is supplied as a component of the participle (“is read aloud”) which is understood as causal is read aloud in the synagogues on every Sabbath.”
The Letter from the Council
22Then it seemed best to the apostles and the elders, together with the whole church, to send men chosen from among them to Antioch with Paul and Barnabas—Judas who was called Barsabbas and Silas, men who were leaders among the brothers—23writing this letter#*Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation to be delivered by them:#Literally “by their hand”
The apostles and the elders, brothers.
To the brothers who are from among the Gentiles in Antioch and Syria and Cilicia.
Greetings!
24Because we have heard that some have gone out from among us—to whom we gave no orders—and#*Here “and” is supplied because the previous participle (“have gone out”) has been translated as a finite verb have thrown you into confusion by words upsetting your minds,#Literally “souls” 25it seemed best to us, having reached a unanimous decision,#Literally “having become of one mind” and#*Here “and” is supplied in keeping with English style having chosen men, to send them#*Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation to you together with our dear friends Barnabas and Paul, 26men who have risked their lives on behalf of the name of our Lord Jesus Christ. 27Therefore we have sent Judas and Silas, and they will report the same things by word of mouth. 28For it seemed best to the Holy Spirit and to us to place on you no greater burden except these necessary things: 29that you abstain from food sacrificed to idols, and from blood, and from what has been strangled, and from sexual immorality. If you#*Here “if” is supplied as a component of the participle (“keep”) which is understood as conditional keep yourselves from these things#Literally “which things” you will do well.
Farewell.
The Letter Is Delivered to Antioch
30So when#*Here “when” is supplied as a component of the participle (“were sent off”) which is understood as temporal they were sent off, they came down to Antioch, and after#*Here “after” is supplied as a component of the participle (“calling together”) which is understood as temporal calling together the community, they delivered the letter. 31And when they#*Here “when” is supplied as a component of the participle (“read … aloud”) which is understood as temporal read it#*Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation aloud, they rejoiced at the encouragement. 32Both Judas and Silas, who were also prophets themselves, encouraged and strengthened the brothers by a long message. 33And after#*Here “after” is supplied as a component of the participle (“spending”) which is understood as temporal spending some time, they were sent away in peace from the brothers to those who had sent them.#A few later manuscripts add v. 34, “But Silas decided to stay there.” 35But Paul and Barnabas remained in Antioch teaching and proclaiming the word of the Lord with many others also.
Paul and Barnabas Disagree and Part Company
36And after some days, Paul said to Barnabas, “Come then,let us return and#*Here “and” is supplied because the previous participle (“return”) has been translated as a finite verb visit the brothers in every town in which we proclaimed the word of the Lord, to see how they are doing.” 37Now Barnabas wanted to take John who was called Mark along also, 38but Paul held the opinion they should not take this one along, who departed from them in Pamphylia and did not accompany them in the work. 39And a sharp disagreement took place, so that they separated from one another. And Barnabas took along Mark and#*Here “and” is supplied because the previous participle (“took along”) has been translated as a finite verb sailed away to Cyprus, 40but Paul chose Silas and#*Here “and” is supplied because the previous participle (“chose”) has been translated as a finite verb departed, after#*Here “after” is supplied as a component of the participle (“being commended”) which is understood as temporal being commended to the grace of the Lord by the brothers. 41And he traveled through Syria and Cilicia, strengthening the churches.
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