13
Barnabas and Saul Sent Out from Antioch
1 Now there were prophets and teachers in Antioch in the church that was there: Barnabas, and Simeon (who was called Niger), and Lucius the Cyrenian, and Manaen (a close friend of Herod the tetrarch), and Saul. 2And while#*Here “while” is supplied as a component of the temporal genitive absolute participle (“were serving”) they were serving the Lord and fasting, the Holy Spirit said, “Set apart now for me Barnabas and Saul for the work to which I have called them.” 3Then, after they#*Here “after” is supplied as a component of the participle (“had fasted”) which is understood as temporal had fasted and prayed and placed their#*Literally “the”; the Greek article is used here as a possessive pronoun hands on them, they sent them#*Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation away.
Confronting a Magician on Cyprus
4Therefore, sent out by the Holy Spirit, they came down to Seleucia, and from there they sailed away to Cyprus. 5And when they#*Here “when” is supplied as a component of the participle (“came”) which is understood as temporal came to Salamis, they began to proclaim the word of God in the synagogues of the Jews. And they also had John as assistant. 6And when they#*Here “when” is supplied as a component of the participle (“had crossed over”) which is understood as temporal had crossed over the whole island as far as Paphos, they found a certain man, a magician, a Jewish false prophet whose name was Bar-Jesus,7who was with the proconsul Sergius Paulus, an intelligent man. This man summoned Barnabas and Saul and#*Here “and” is supplied because the previous participle (“summoned”) has been translated as a finite verb wished to hear the word of God. 8But Elymas the magician (for his name is translated in this way) opposed them, attempting to turn the proconsul away from the faith. 9But Saul (also called Paul), filled with the Holy Spirit, looked intently at him 10and#*Here “and” is supplied because the participle in the previous verse (“looked intently at”) has been translated as a finite verb said, “O you who are full of all deceit and of all unscrupulousness, you son of the devil, you enemy of all righteousness! Will you not stop making crooked the straight paths of the Lord! 11And now behold, the hand of the Lord is against you, and you will be blind, not seeing the sun for a while.#Literally “until the time” And immediately mist and darkness fell over him, and he was going around looking for people#*In Greek the direct object (“people”) is understood and must be supplied in the English translation; since the following noun is plural, “people” rather than “someone” is used here to lead him#*Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation by the hand. 12Then when#*Here “when” is supplied as a component of the participle (“saw”) which is understood as temporal the proconsul saw what had happened, he believed, because he#*Here “because” is supplied as a component of the participle (“was astounded”) which is understood as causal was astounded at the teaching about#*Here “about” reflects an objective genitive (“the Lord” is the object of the teaching) the Lord.
Preaching in the Synagogue at Pisidian Antioch
13Now Paul and his companions#Literally “those around Paul” put out to sea from Paphos and#*Here “and” is supplied because the previous participle (“put out to sea”) has been translated as a finite verb came to Perga in Pamphylia, but John departed from them and#*Here “and” is supplied because the previous participle (“departed”) has been translated as a finite verb returned to Jerusalem. 14And they went on from Perga and#*Here “and” is supplied because the previous participle (“went on”) has been translated as a finite verb arrived at Pisidian Antioch. And they entered into the synagogue on the day of the Sabbath and#*Here “and” is supplied because the previous participle (“entered”) has been translated as a finite verb sat down. 15So after the reading from the law and the prophets, the rulers of the synagogue sent word#*Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation to them, saying, “Men and brothers, if there is any message of exhortation by you for the people, say it.”#*Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation
16So Paul stood up,#*Here the participle (“stood up”) is translated as a finite verb because of English style and motioning with his#*Literally “the”; the Greek article is used here as a possessive pronoun hand, he said, “Israelite men, and those who fear God, listen! 17The God of this people Israel chose our fathers and exalted the people during their#*Literally “the”; the Greek article is used here as a possessive pronoun stay in the land of Egypt, and with uplifted arm he led them out of it. 18And for a period of time of about forty years, he put up with them in the wilderness. 19And after#*Here “after” is supplied as a component of the participle (“destroying”) which is understood as temporal destroying seven nations in the land of Canaan, he gave their land to his people#*The words “to his people” are supplied as a clarification of who received the land as an inheritance. 20This took#*The words “This took” are not in the Greek text but are supplied in keeping with English style about four hundred and fifty years. And after these things, he gave them#*Here the indirect object “them” is not in the Greek text but is implied judges until Samuel the prophet. 21And then they asked for a king, and God gave them Saul son of Kish, a man from the tribe of Benjamin, for forty years. 22And after#*Here “after” is supplied as a component of the participle (“removing”) which is understood as temporal removing him, he raised up David for their king, about whom he also said, testifying, ‘I have found David the son of Jesse to be a man in accordance with my heart, who will carry out all my will.’#A quotation from 1 Sam 13:14 23From the descendants of this man, according to his promise, God brought to Israel a Savior, Jesus. 24Before his coming#Literally “the presence of his coming” John had publicly proclaimed#*Here the participle (“had publicly proclaimed”) has been translated as a finite verb in keeping with English style a baptism of repentance to all the people of Israel. 25But while John was completing his#*Literally “the”; the Greek article is used here as a possessive pronoun mission, he said, ‘What do you suppose me to be? I am not he! But behold, one is coming after me of whom I am not worthy to untie the sandals of his#*Literally “the”; the Greek article is used here as a possessive pronoun feet!’
26“Men and brothers, sons of the family of Abraham and those among you who fear God—to us the message of this salvation has been sent! 27For those who live in Jerusalem and their rulers, because they#*Here “because” is supplied as a component of the participle (“did not recognize”) which is understood as causal did not recognize this one, and the voices of the prophets that are read on every Sabbath, fulfilled them#*Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation by#*Here “by” is supplied as a component of the participle (“condemning”) which is understood as means condemning him.#*Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation 28And although they#*Here “although” is supplied as a component of the genitive absolute participle (“found”) which is understood as concessive found no charge worthy of death, they asked Pilate that he be executed. 29And when they had carried out all the things that were written about him, they took him#*Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation down from the tree and#*Here “and” is supplied because the previous participle (“took … down”) has been translated as a finite verb placed him#*Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation in a tomb. 30But God raised him from the dead, 31who appeared for many days to those who had come up with him from Galilee to Jerusalem—who are now his witnesses to the people. 32And we proclaim the good news to you: that the promise that was made to the fathers, 33this promise#It is necessary to repeat the word “promise” from the previous verse for clarity here God has fulfilled to our children#Some manuscripts have “to us their children” by#*Here “by” is supplied as a component of the participle (“raising”) which is understood as means raising Jesus, as it is also written in the second psalm,
‘You are my Son;
today I have fathered you.’#A quotation from Ps 2:7
34But that he has raised him from the dead, no more going to return to decay, he has spoken in this way: ‘I will give you the reliable divine decrees of David.’#A quotation from Isa 55:3 35Therefore he also says in another psalm,#*The word “psalm” is not in the Greek text but is implied
‘You will not permit your Holy One to experience decay.’#A quotation from Ps 16:10
36For David, after#*Here “after” is supplied as a component of the participle (“serving”) which is understood as temporal serving the purpose of God in his own generation, fell asleep and was buried with#Literally “was gathered to” his fathers, and experienced decay. 37But he whom God raised up did not experience decay.
38“Therefore let it be known to you, men and brothers, that through this one forgiveness of sins is proclaimed to you, and from all the things from which you were not able to be justified by the law of Moses, 39by this one everyone who believes is justified! 40Watch out, therefore, lest what is stated by the prophets come upon you:#*Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation
41‘Look, you scoffers,
and be astonished and perish!
For I am doing a work in your days,
a work that you would never believe
even if someone were to tell it#*Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation to you.’ ”#A quotation from Hab 1:5
Response to the Message in Pisidian Antioch
42And as#*Here “as” is supplied as a component of the temporal genitive absolute participle (“were going out”) they were going out, they began urging#*The imperfect tense has been translated as ingressive here (“began urging”) that these things be spoken about to them on the next Sabbath. 43And after#*Here “after” is supplied as a component of the temporal genitive absolute participle (“had broken up”) the synagogue had broken up, many of the Jews and the devout#Or “God-fearing” proselytes followed Paul and Barnabas, who were speaking to them and#*Here “and” is supplied because the previous participle (“were speaking to”) has been translated as a finite verb were persuading them to continue in the grace of God. 44And on the coming Sabbath, nearly the whole city came together to hear the word of the Lord. 45But when#*Here “when” is supplied as a component of the participle (“saw”) which is understood as temporal the Jews saw the crowds, they were filled with jealousy, and began contradicting what was being said by Paul by#*Here “by” is supplied as a component of the participle (“reviling”) which is understood as means reviling him.#*Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation 46Both Paul and Barnabas spoke boldly and#*Here “and” is supplied because the previous participle (“spoke boldly”) has been translated as a finite verb said, “It was necessary that the word of God be spoken first to you, since you reject it and do not consider yourselves worthy of eternal life! Behold, we are turning to the Gentiles! 47For so the Lord has commanded us:
‘I have appointed you to be#Literally “for” a light for the Gentiles,
that you would bring#Literally “that you would bring” salvation to the end of the earth.’#An allusion to Isa 42:6; 49:6
48And when#*Here “when” is supplied as a component of the participle (“heard”) which is understood as temporal the Gentiles heard this,#*Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation they began to rejoice#*The imperfect tense has been translated as ingressive here (“began to rejoice”) and to glorify the word of the Lord. And all those who were designated for eternal life believed. 49So the word of the Lord was carried through the whole region. 50But the Jews incited the devout women of high social standing and the most prominent men of the city, and stirred up persecution against Paul and Barnabas and threw them out of their district. 51So after#*Here “after” is supplied as a component of the participle (“shaking off”) which is understood as temporal shaking off the dust from their feet against them, they went to Iconium. 52And the disciples were filled with joy and with the Holy Spirit.
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