The Victory Song of David
1Then David spoke to Yahweh the words of this song,#This same song is recorded in Psa 18, with minor differences on the day Yahweh delivered him from the hand of all his enemies and from the hand of Saul.
2And he said:
“Yahweh is my rock, my fortress, and my deliverer.
3I take refuge in God, my rock,#So many LXX mss, Targum, Vulgate, and Psa 18:3. MT has “the God of my rock” my shield, and the strength#Literally “horn” of my salvation.
My stronghold and my refuge, O my savior, you will save me from violence!
4I call upon Yahweh who is praiseworthy,
and I am saved from those who hate me.
5For the breaker waves of death engulfed me;
the currents of chaos overwhelmed me.
6The ropes of Sheol entangled me;
the snares of death confronted me.
7In my distress I called upon Yahweh, and to my God I called.
He heard my voice from his temple,
and my cry for help was to his ears.
8The earth heaved and shook,
the foundations of heaven trembled and heaved
because he was angry.#Literally “it was hot for him”
9Smoke went up from his nostrils and fire from his mouth.
Burning coals devoured, they burned from him.
10He bowed the heavens and came down;
a very thick cloud was under his feet.
11He rode upon a cherub and flew;
he was seen on the wings of the wind.
12He put darkness as a canopy all around him,
a collection of thick rain clouds.#Literally “clouds of thick clouds”
13From the brightness before him
flamed burning coals of fire.
14Yahweh thundered from heaven,
and the Most High uttered his voice.#Literally “gave his voice”
15He sent arrows and he scattered them,
lightning, and he directed them.
16Then the channels of water of the sea were exposed,
the foundations of the world,
at the rebuke of Yawheh,
from the blast of the breath of his nostrils.
17He sent from a high position and took me;
he drew me from mighty waters.
18He delivered me from my strong enemies,
from those who hate me, for they were mightier than I.
19They approached me on the day of my disaster,
but Yahweh was my support.
20He brought me out to a spacious place.
He delivered me because he delighted in me.
21Yahweh rewarded me according to my righteousness,
according to the cleanness of my hands he recompensed me.
22For I have kept the ways of Yahweh;
I have not acted wickedly against my God.
23For all of his ordinances were before me,
and I did not turn aside from his statutes.
24I was blameless before him,
and I kept myself from my iniquity.
25Yahweh has recompensed me according to my righteousness,
according to my cleanness before his eyes.
26With the loyal, you act as loyal,
and with the blameless, you show yourself blameless.
27With the pure, you show yourself pure,
but with the crooked, you appear as a fool.
28Humble people you will deliver,
but your eyes are on the haughty, whom you bring down.
29For you, O Yahweh are my lamp,
and Yahweh lightens my darkness.
30For by you I can run a raid;
by my God I can leap over a wall.
31This God, his way is blameless;
the promise of Yahweh is flawless.
He is a shield to all who take refuge in him.
32For who is God apart from Yahweh?
And who is a rock apart from our God?
33God is my strong refuge,
he has fully opened my way.#Thus Qere; Kethib has “his way”
34He makes my feet#Thus Qere; Kethib has “his feet” like a doe deer,
and on my high places he has set me.
35He trains my hands for the war,
so that my arms can bend a bow of bronze.
36You have given me the shield of your salvation;
your willingness to help has made me great.
37You have broadened my steps beneath me;
my ankles have not wobbled.
38I pursued those who hate me, and I destroyed them.
I did not turn back until finishing them.
39I wiped them out and I smashed them;
they did not get up; they fell under my feet.
40You have girded me with physical strength for the battle;
you caused those who rose up against me to kneel under me.
41My enemies you cause to retreat from me;#Literally “Those who hate me you give to me back”
I destroy those who hate me.
42They looked out, but there was no deliverer,
even to Yahweh, but he did not answer them.
43I beat them fine, like the dust of the earth;
like the mire of the streets, I crushed them, I stamped them down.
44You delivered me from the strife of my people;
you preserved me as the head of the nations.
A people I had not known served me.
45Children of a foreign land came cringing to me;
when they heard of me,#Literally “at the hearing of an ear” they became obedient to me.
46Children of a foreign land lost heart
and came trembling from their strongholds.
47Yahweh lives! Blessed be my rock!
May God, the rock of my salvation, be exalted!
48God does vengeance for me,
bringing down peoples under me.
49He brings me out from my enemies,
and from those who rose up against me you lift me up,
and from men of violence you rescue me.
50Therefore I will extol you, Yahweh, among the nations!
I will sing praises to your name!
51He makes great salvation for his king
and shows loyal love to his anointed one, David
and to his descendants forever.”