David Commits Adultery with Bathsheba
1It came about in the spring,#Literally “And it happened at the turn of the year” at the time kings#According to the reading tradition (Qere); Kethib has “angels” or “messengers” go out, David sent Joab and his servants with him and all of Israel. They ravaged all of the Ammonites#Literally “sons/children of Ammon” and besieged Rabbah, but David was remaining in Jerusalem. 2It happened late one afternoon#Literally “at the time of the evening” that David got up from his bed and walked about on the roof of the king’s house, and he saw a woman bathing on her#Hebrew “the” roof. Now the woman was very beautiful.#Literally “very good of appearance” 3David sent and inquired about the woman, and someone said, “Is this not Bathsheba the daughter of Eliam, the wife of Uriah the Hittite?” 4Then David sent messengers and took her, and she came to him, and he slept with her. (Now she had been purifying herself from her uncleanness.) And she returned to her house. 5The woman became pregnant, and she sent and told David, and she said, “I am pregnant.” 6So David sent to Joab, “Send Uriah the Hittite to me.” So Joab sent Uriah to David. 7Uriah came to him, and David asked how Joab and the army fared and how the war was going.#Literally “as far as the peace of Joab, as far as the peace of the army, and as far as the peace of the battle” 8David said to Uriah, “Go down to your house, and wash your feet.” So Uriah went out from the king’s house, and a gift from the king went out after him. 9But Uriah slept at the entrance of the king’s house with all the servants of his master and did not go down to his house. 10They told David, “Uriah did not go down to his house.” David said to Uriah, “Are you not coming from a journey? Why did you not go down to your house?” 11Uriah said to David, “The ark and Israel and Judah are living in the booths; and my lord Joab and the servants of my lord are camping on the surface of the open field; and I, shall I go to my house to eat and to drink and to sleep with my wife? By your life and the life of your soul, I surely will not do this thing.” 12David said to Uriah, “Remain here today,#Literally “also the day” and tomorrow I will send you away.” So Uriah remained in Jerusalem on that day and the next. 13David invited him, and he ate and drank in his presence so that he became drunk,#Literally “and he made him drunk” and he went out in the evening to lie on his bed with the servants of his lord, but he did not go down to his house. 14And it happened in the morning, David wrote a letter to Joab, and he sent it by the hand of Uriah. 15He had written in the letter, “Put Uriah in the front, in the face of the fiercest fighting, then draw back from behind him so that he may be struck down and die.”
16When Joab was besieging#Literally “And it happened at the besieging of Joab” the city, he put Uriah toward the place which he knew there were valiant warriors.#Literally “there were men of ability” 17The men of the city came out and fought with Joab. Some from the army from the servants of David fell; Uriah the Hittite also died. 18Joab sent and told David all of the news of the battle. 19He instructed the messenger, saying, “As you are finishing to speak all the news of the battle to the king, 20if the anger of the king rises and he says to you, ‘Why did you go near the city to fight? Did you not know that they would shoot from atop the wall? 21Who killed Abimelech the son of Jerub-bosheth,#In putting words in David’s mouth, Joab alludes to the story of Abimelech the son of Gideon from Judg 9:52–55. Though Gideon was also known as Jerub-ba’al, Joab conventionally substitutes bosheth (shame) for Ba’al to avoid naming the Canaanite deity if not a woman who threw an upper millstone on him from atop the wall and he died at Thebez? Why did you go near the wall?’ Then you shall say, ‘Your servant Uriah the Hittite also died.’ ” 22Then the messenger left, and he came and told David all that Joab had sent him to say. 23The messenger said to David, “Because the men overpowered us,#Literally “the men were superior over us” the men came out to us in the field, but we forced them back#Literally “we were upon them” to the entrance of the gate. 24The archers shot at your servant from atop the wall, and some of the servants of the king died; your servant Uriah the Hittite also died.” 25Then David said to the messenger, “Thus you shall say to Joab, ‘Do not feel badly about this matter;#Literally “Do not let his matter be evil in your eyes” now one and then another#Literally “for as this and as this” the sword will devour. Intensify your attack on the city and overthrow it.’ ” And he encouraged him. 26When the wife of Uriah heard that Uriah her husband was dead, she mourned over her husband. 27When the mourning was over, David sent and brought her to his household, and she became his wife and bore him a son. But the thing which David had done was evil in the eyes of Yahweh.
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