First Invasion of Nebuchadnezzar; Jehoiakim Submits
1In his days, Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came up because Jehoiakim had become his servant for three years; then he turned and rebelled against him. 2So Yahweh sent against him raiding bands of Chaldeans, raiding bands of Aram, raiding bands of Moab, and raiding bands of the Ammonites.#Literally “sons/children of Ammon” He had sent them against Judah to destroy it, according to the word of Yahweh that he had spoken by the hand of his servants the prophets. 3Surely, it was on the command#Literally “on the mouth” of Yahweh against Judah to remove them from his sight because of the sins of Manasseh, according to all that he had done. 4Also, for the blood of the innocent that he had shed—and he filled Jerusalem with innocent blood—Yahweh was not willing to forgive. 5The remainder of the acts of Jehoiakim and all that he did, are they not written on the scroll of the events of the days of the kings of Judah? 6So Jehoiakim slept with his ancestors,#Or “fathers” and Jehoiachin his son became king in his place. 7The king of Egypt did not again come out from his land, for the king of Babylon had taken territory from the Wadi of Egypt to the Euphrates River.
Jehoichin Succeeds Jehoiakim
8Jehoiachin was eighteen years old when he began to reign, and he reigned three months in Jerusalem. The name of his mother was Nehushta daughter of Elnathan from Jerusalem. 9He did evil in the eyes of Yahweh according to all that his father had done.
Second Invasion of Nebuchadnezzar
10At that time, the servants of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came to Jerusalem, and the city came under the siege. 11Then Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came against the city while his servants were besieging it. 12Jehoiachin king of Judah went out to the king of Babylon, he, his mother, his servants, his commanders, and his court officials. The king of Babylon took him in the eighth year of his reign. 13Then he took from there all of the treasures of the temple of Yahweh and the treasures of the palace of the king. He cut up all of the vessels of gold which Solomon the king of Israel had made in the temple of Yahweh, as Yahweh had foretold. 14He deported all of Jerusalem: all of the commanders, ten thousand of the skilled warriors, and the artisans; no one was left over except the poorest of the people of the land. 15He deported Jehoiachin to Babylon; the mother of the king, the wives of the king, his court officials, and the citizenry of the land he caused to go into exile from Jerusalem to Babylon: 16of all of the skilled men, seven thousand, and of the skilled craftsmen and the artisans, one thousand. All of the mighty warriors fit for war#Literally “doers of war” the king of Babylon brought captive to Babylon. 17Then the king of Babylon made Mattaniah his uncle king in his place and changed his name to Zedekiah.
Zedekiah Replaces Jehoiachin
18Zedekiah was twenty-one years old when he became king, and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem. The name of his mother was Hamutal daughter of Jeremiah from Libnah. 19He did evil in the eyes of Yahweh just like all that Jehoiakim had done. 20For it happened because of the anger of Yahweh, in Jerusalem and in Judah, until they were cast out from his presence. Then Zedekiah rebelled against the king of Babylon.