3
Paul Answers an Objection
1So what advantage does the Jew have? Or what is the benefit of circumcision? 2Considerable in every way. First, they were entrusted #Dt 4:8Ps 147:19Rm 9:4 with the spoken words of God. #Ac 7:38 3What then? If some did not believe, #Rm 10:16Heb 4:2 will their unbelief cancel God’s faithfulness? 4Absolutely not! #Lk 20:16Rm 3:31 God must be true, even if everyone is a liar, #Ps 116:11 as it is written:
That You may be justified in Your words
and triumph when You judge. #Ps 51:4 # Ps 51:4
5But if our unrighteousness highlights # Or shows, or demonstrates God’s righteousness, #Rm 5:82Co 6:4Gl 2:18 what are we to say? #Rm 4:1|NoBook| 7:7|NoBook| 8:31|NoBook| 9:14 I use a human argument: # Lit I speak as a man #Rm 6:191Co 9:8|NoBook| 15:32Gl 3:15 Is God unrighteous to inflict wrath? 6Absolutely not! Otherwise, how will God judge the world? #Rm 2:16 7But if by my lie God’s truth is amplified to His glory, why am I also still judged as a sinner? #Rm 9:19 8And why not say, just as some people slanderously claim we say, “Let us do what is evil so that good may come”? #Rm 6:1 Their condemnation is deserved!
The Whole World Guilty before God
9What then? Are we any better? # Are we Jews any better than the Gentiles? Not at all! For we have previously charged that both Jews #Rm 2:1-29 and Gentiles # Lit Greeks #Rm 1:18-32 are all under sin, # Under sin’s power or dominion #Rm 3:19|NoBook| 11:32Gl 3:22 10as it is written: # Paul constructs this charge from a chain of OT quotations, mainly from the Psalms.
There is no one righteous, not even one.
11There is no one who understands;
there is no one who seeks God.
12All have turned away;
all alike have become useless.
There is no one who does what is good,
not even one. #Ps 14:1-353:1-3Ec 7:20 # Ps 14:1-3; 53:1-3; Ec 7:20
13Their throat is an open grave;
they deceive with their tongues. #Ps 5:9 # Ps 5:9
Vipers’ venom is under their lips. #Ps 140:3 # Ps 140:3
14Their mouth is full of cursing and bitterness. #Ps 10:7 # Ps 10:7
15Their feet are swift to shed blood;
16ruin and wretchedness are in their paths,
17and the path of peace they have not known. #Is 59:7-8 # Is 59:7-8
18There is no fear of God before their eyes. #Ps 36:1 # Ps 36:1
19Now we know that whatever the law says #Jn 10:34 speaks to those who are subject to the law, # Lit those in the law #Rm 2:12 so that every mouth may be shut and the whole world may become subject to God’s judgment. # Or become guilty before God, or may be accountable to God #Rm 2:9 20For no one will be justified # Or will be declared righteous, or will be acquitted in His sight by the works of the law, #Ps 143:2Ac 13:39Gl 2:16 because the knowledge of sin comes through the law. #Rm 4:15|NoBook| 5:13|NoBook| 7:7
God’s Righteousness through Faith
21But now, apart from the law, God’s righteousness has been revealed #Rm 1:17|NoBook| 9:30 — attested by the Law and the Prophets # When capitalized, the Law and the Prophets = OT #Ac 10:43Rm 1:2 22 — that is, God’s righteousness through faith #Rm 4:5 in Jesus Christ, # Or through the faithfulness of Jesus Christ #Ac 3:16Gl 2:16|NoBook| 3:22Eph 3:12 to all who believe, #Rm 4:11|NoBook| 10:4 since there is no distinction. #Rm 10:12Gl 3:28Col 3:11 23For all have sinned #Rm 3:9 and fall short of the # Or and lack the glory of God. 24They are justified freely by His grace #Rm 4:4Eph 2:8 through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus. #1Co 1:30Eph 1:7Col 1:14Heb 9:15 25God presented Him as a propitiation # Or as a propitiatory sacrifice, or as an offering of atonement, or as a mercy seat ; 2Co 5:21; Heb 9:5 #1Jn 2:2|NoBook| 4:10 through faith in His blood, #1Co 5:7Heb 9:141Pt 1:19Rv 1:5 to demonstrate His righteousness, because in His restraint God #Rm 2:4 passed over the sins previously committed. #Ac 17:30|NoBook| 14:16 26God presented Him to demonstrate His righteousness at the present time, so that He would be righteous and declare righteous # Or and justify, or and acquit the one who has faith in Jesus.
Boasting Excluded
27Where then is boasting? #Rm 2:17|NoBook| 4:21Co 1:29-31 It is excluded. By what kind of law? # Or what principle? #Rm 9:31 By one of works? No, on the contrary, by a law # Or a principle of faith. 28For we conclude that a man is justified by faith apart from the works of the law. #Ac 13:39Rm 9:31Eph 2:9Jms 2:20 29Or is God for Jews only? #Ac 10:34Rm 9:24|NoBook| 10:12|NoBook| 15:9Gl 3:28 Is He not also for Gentiles? Yes, for Gentiles too, 30since there is one God #Rm 10:12 who will justify the circumcised by faith #Rm 4:11Gl 3:8 and the uncircumcised through faith. 31Do we then cancel the law through faith? Absolutely not! #Lk 20:16Rm 3:4 On the contrary, we uphold the law. #Mt 5:17Rm 4:3|NoBook| 8:4
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