God’s Good News for Rome
1Paul, a slave of Christ Jesus, called as an apostle # Or Jesus, a called apostle #1Co 1:1|NoBook| 9:12Co 1:1 and singled out #Ac 9:15|NoBook| 13:2Gl 1:15 for God’s good news #Mk 1:142which He promised long ago #Ti 1:2 through His prophets #Lk 1:70Rm 3:21|NoBook| 16:26 in the Holy Scriptures — 3concerning His Son, Jesus Christ our Lord, who was a descendant of David # Lit was of the seed of David #Mt 1:1 according to the flesh #Jn 1:14Rm 4:1|NoBook| 9:31Co 10:18 4and who has been declared to be the powerful #Ac 10:38|NoBook| 13:33|NoBook| 17:31|NoBook| 26:23 Son of God #Mt 4:3 by the resurrection from the dead according to the Spirit of holiness. # Or the spirit of holiness, or the Holy Spirit 5We have received grace and apostleship #Ac 1:25Gl 1:16 through Him to bring about # Or Him for ; lit Him into the obedience #Ac 6:7Rm 16:26 of faith # Or the obedience that is faith, or the faithful obedience, or the obedience that comes from faith ; Rm 16:26 among all the nations, # Or Gentiles #Ac 9:15 on behalf of His name, 6including yourselves who also belong to Jesus Christ by calling: #Jd 1Rv 17:14
7To all who are in Rome, loved by God, #Rm 5:5|NoBook| 8:391Th 1:4 called #Rm 8:281Co 1:24 as saints. #1Co 1:2-4
Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.
Paul’s Desire to Visit Rome
8First, I thank my God through Jesus Christ for all of you because the news of your faith # Or because your faith is being reported in all the world. #Rm 16:19 9For God, whom I serve with my spirit #2Tm 1:3 in telling the good news about His Son, is my witness #Rm 9:12Co 1:23|NoBook| 11:31Php 1:81Th 2:5 that I constantly mention you, #Eph 1:16Php 1:3-51Th 1:22Tm 1:3Phm 4 10always asking in my prayers that if it is somehow in God’s will, I may now at last succeed in coming to you. #Ac 18:21Rm 15:32 11For I want very much to see you, #Ac 19:21Rm 15:23 so I may impart to you some spiritual gift to strengthen you, 12that is, to be mutually encouraged by each other’s faith, both yours and mine.
13Now I want you to know, # Lit I don’t want you to be unaware #1Co 10:1|NoBook| 11:3 brothers, that I often planned to come to you (but was prevented until now #Ac 19:21) in order that I might have a fruitful ministry # Lit have some fruit among you, #Jn 4:36Rm 15:16Php 1:22Col 1:6 just as among the rest of the Gentiles. 14I am obligated both to Greeks and barbarians, # Or non-Greeks #Ac 28:2 both to the wise and the foolish. 15So I am eager to preach the good news #Rm 15:201Co 9:16 to you also who are in Rome.
The Righteous Will Live by Faith
16For I am not ashamed of the gospel, # Other mss add of Christ #2Tm 1:8 because it is God’s power for salvation #1Co 1:18 to everyone who believes, first to the Jew, #Ac 3:26Rm 2:9 and also to the Greek. #Jn 7:35 17For in it God’s righteousness is revealed from faith to faith, # Or revealed out of faith into faith #Rm 3:21|NoBook| 9:30Php 3:9 just as it is written: The righteous will live by faith. # Or The one who is righteous by faith will live #Hab 2:4Gl 3:11Heb 10:38 # Hab 2:4
The Guilt of the Gentile World
18For God’s wrath #Rm 5:9Eph 5:6Col 3:6 is revealed from heaven against all godlessness and unrighteousness of people who by their unrighteousness suppress the truth, #2Th 2:6-10 19since what can be known # Or what is known about God is evident among them, #Ac 14:1717:24-27 because God has shown it to them. 20For His invisible attributes, that is, His eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly seen since the creation of the world, #Mk 10:6 being understood through what He has made. #Jb 12:7-9Ps 19:1-6Jr 5:21-22 As a result, people are without excuse. 21For though they knew God, they did not glorify Him as God or show gratitude. Instead, their thinking became nonsense, and their senseless minds were darkened. #2Kg 17:15Jr 2:5Eph 4:17-20 22Claiming to be wise, they became fools #Jr 10:141Co 1:20 23and exchanged the glory of the immortal God for images resembling mortal man, birds, four-footed animals, and reptiles. #Ps 106:20Jr 2:11Ac 17:29
24Therefore God delivered them over in the cravings of their hearts #Eph 2:3|NoBook| 4:19 to sexual impurity, so that their bodies were degraded among themselves. 25They exchanged the truth of God for a lie, #Is 44:20Jr 10:14|NoBook| 13:25|NoBook| 16:19 and worshiped and served something created instead of the Creator, who is praised forever. #Rm 9:52Co 11:31 Amen.
From Idolatry to Depravity
26This is why God delivered them over to degrading passions. #1Th 4:5 For even their females exchanged natural sexual relations # Lit natural use for unnatural ones. 27The males in the same way also left natural relations # Lit natural use with females and were inflamed in their lust for one another. Males committed shameless acts with males #Lv 18:22|NoBook| 20:131Co 6:9 and received in their own persons # Or in themselves the appropriate penalty of their error.
28And because they did not think it worthwhile to acknowledge God, God delivered them over to a worthless mind to do what is morally wrong. 29They are filled with all unrighteousness, # Other mss add sexual immorality evil, greed, and wickedness. They are full of envy, murder, quarrels, deceit, and malice. They are gossips, #2Co 12:20 30slanderers, God-haters, arrogant, proud, boastful, #Ps 5:5 inventors of evil, disobedient to parents, #2Tm 3:2 31undiscerning, untrustworthy, unloving, # Other mss add unforgiving #2Tm 3:3 and unmerciful. 32Although they know full well God’s just sentence — that those who practice such things deserve to die # Lit things are worthy of death #Rm 6:21 — they not only do them, but even applaud # Lit even take pleasure in #Lk 11:48Ac 8:1|NoBook| 22:20 others who practice them.
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