Jesus Handed Over to Pilate
1When daybreak came, all the chief priests and the elders of the people plotted against Jesus to put Him to death. # Mk 15:1; Lk 22:66; Jn 18:28 2After tying Him up, they led Him away and handed Him over to Pilate, # Other mss read Pontius Pilate the governor. # Mt 20:19; Lk 13:1; Ac 3:13; 1Tm 6:13
Judas Hangs Himself
3Then Judas, His betrayer, seeing that He had been condemned, was full of remorse and returned the 30 pieces of silver to the chief priests and elders. # Mt 21:29; 26:14-15 4“I have sinned by betraying innocent blood,” he said.
“What’s that to us? ” they said. “See to it yourself! ”
5So he threw the silver into the sanctuary # 2Sm 17:23; Lk 1:19,21; Ac 1:18 and departed. Then he went and hanged himself.
6The chief priests took the silver and said, “It’s not lawful # Mk 2:24; Jn 18:31 to put it into the temple treasury, # See Mk 7:11 where the same Gk word (Corban) means a gift pledged to the temple. since it is blood money.” # Lit the price of blood 7So they conferred together and bought the potter’s field with it as a burial place for foreigners. 8Therefore that field has been called “Blood Field” to this day. 9Then what was spoken through the prophet Jeremiah was fulfilled:
They took the 30 pieces of silver, the price of Him whose price was set by the Israelites, 10and they gave them for the potter’s field, as the Lord directed me. # Jr 32:6-9; Zch 11:12-13; Mt 1:22 # Jr 32:6-9; Zch 11:12-13
Jesus Faces the Governor
11Now Jesus stood before the governor. # Mk 15:2-5; Lk 23:2-3; Jn 18:29-38 “Are You the King of the Jews? ” the governor asked Him.
Jesus answered, “You have said it.” # Or That is true, an affirmative oath; Mt 26:64; Mk 15:2 # Mt 2:2; 1Tm 6:13 12And while He was being accused by the chief priests and elders, He didn’t answer. # Mt 26:63; Jn 19:9
13Then Pilate said to Him, “Don’t You hear how much they are testifying against You? ” 14But He didn’t answer him on even one charge, so that the governor was greatly amazed. # Mk 15:5; Lk 23:9
Jesus or Barabbas
15At the festival # Mk 15:6-15; Lk 23:16-25; Jn 18:39-40; 19:16 the governor’s custom was to release to the crowd a prisoner they wanted. 16At that time they had a notorious prisoner called Barabbas. # Other mss read Jesus Barabbas 17So when they had gathered together, Pilate said to them, “Who is it you want me to release for you — Barabbas, # Other mss read Jesus Barabbas or Jesus who is called Messiah? ” # Mt 1:16; 27:22 18For he knew they had handed Him over because of envy.
19While he was sitting on the judge’s bench, his wife sent word to him, “Have nothing to do with that righteous man, for today I’ve suffered terribly in a dream because of Him! ” # Gn 20:6; Nm 12:6; Jb 33:14-16; Mt 2:12; Jn 19:13
20The chief priests and the elders, however, persuaded the crowds to ask for Barabbas and to execute Jesus. 21The governor asked them, “Which of the two do you want me to release for you? ”
“Barabbas! ” they answered.
22Pilate asked them, “What should I do then with Jesus, who is called Messiah? ”
They all answered, “Crucify Him! ” # Lit “Him — be crucified!” # Mt 1:16; Ac 13:28
23Then he said, “Why? What has He done wrong? ”
But they kept shouting, “Crucify Him! ” all the more. # Lk 23:41; Jn 8:46
24When Pilate saw that he was getting nowhere, # Lit that it availed nothing but that a riot was starting instead, he took some water, washed his hands in front of the crowd, and said, “I am innocent of this man’s blood. # Other mss read this righteous man’s blood See to it yourselves! ” # Dt 21:6-8; Ps 26:6; Mt 26:5; 27:4,19
25All the people answered, “His blood be on us # Jos 2:19; Ac 5:28 and on our children! ” 26Then he released Barabbas to them. But after having Jesus flogged, # Roman flogging was done with a whip made of leather strips embedded with pieces of bone or metal that brutally tore the flesh. he handed Him over to be crucified. # Is 53:5; Mk 15:15; Lk 23:16; Jn 19:1
Mocked by the Military
27Then # Mk 15:16-20; Jn 19:2-3 the governor’s soldiers took Jesus into headquarters and gathered the whole company around Him. # Jn 18:28,33; 19:9; Ac 10:1 28They stripped Him and dressed Him in a scarlet military robe. # Lk 23:11; Jn 19:2 29They twisted together a crown of thorns, put it on His head, and placed a reed in His right hand. And they knelt down before Him and mocked Him: “Hail, King of the Jews! ” 30Then they spit on Him, took the reed, and kept hitting Him on the head. 31When they had mocked Him, they stripped Him of the robe, put His clothes on Him, and led Him away to crucify Him. # Is 53:7; Mt 26:67
Crucified Between Two Criminals
32As they were going out, they found a Cyrenian man named Simon. They forced this man to carry His cross. # Nm 15:35; Mk 15:21; Lk 23:26; Heb 13:12 33When they came to a place called Golgotha # Mk 15:22-32; Lk 23:33-43; Jn 19:17-24 (which means Skull Place), 34they gave Him wine # Other mss read sour wine mixed with gall to drink. But when He tasted it, He would not drink it. 35After crucifying Him they divided His clothes by casting lots. # Other mss add that what was spoken by the prophet might be fulfilled: “They divided My clothes among them, and for My clothing they cast lots.” # Ps 22:17; 69:21 36Then they sat down and were guarding Him there. 37Above His head they put up the charge against Him in writing:
THIS IS JESUSTHE KING OF THE JEWS.
38Then two criminals # Or revolutionaries were crucified with Him, one on the right and one on the left. # Is 53:12; Mt 20:21; Jn 18:40 39Those who passed by were yelling insults at # Lit passed by blasphemed or were blaspheming Him, shaking their heads # Jb 16:4; Ps 22:7; 109:25; Lm 2:15; Mk 15:29 40and saying, “The One who would demolish the sanctuary and rebuild it in three days, save Yourself! If You are the Son of God, come down from the cross! ” # Mt 4:3,6; 26:61,63; Jn 2:19 41In the same way the chief priests, with the scribes and elders, # Other mss add and Pharisees mocked Him and said, 42“He saved others, but He cannot save Himself! He is the King of Israel! # Jn 1:49; 12:13 Let Him # Other mss read If He . . . Israel, let Him come down now from the cross, and we will believe in Him. 43He has put His trust in God; let God rescue Him now — if He wants Him! # Or if He takes pleasure in Him For He said, ‘I am God’s Son.’ ” 44In the same way even the criminals who were crucified with Him kept taunting Him. # Ps 22:8; Lk 23:39-43
The Death of Jesus
45From noon until three in the afternoon # Lit From the sixth hour to the ninth hour darkness came over the whole land. # Or whole earth # Mk 15:33-41; Lk 23:44-49; Jn 19:28-30 46About three in the afternoon Jesus cried out with a loud voice, “Elí, Elí, lemá # Some mss read lama ; other mss read lima sabachtháni?” that is, “My God, My God, why have You forsaken # Or abandoned Me?” # Ps 22:1; Heb 5:7 # Ps 22:1
47When some of those standing there heard this, they said, “He’s calling for Elijah! ”
48Immediately one of them ran and got a sponge, filled it with sour wine, fixed it on a reed, and offered Him a drink. # Ps 69:21; Mk 15:36; Lk 23:36; Jn 19:29 49But the rest said, “Let’s see if Elijah comes to save Him! ”
50Jesus shouted again with a loud voice and gave up His spirit. # Mk 15:37; Lk 23:46; Jn 10:18; 19:30 51Suddenly, the curtain of the sanctuary # A heavy curtain separated the inner room of the temple from the outer. # Ex 26:31-33; 2Ch 3:14; Heb 9:3 was split in two from top to bottom; the earth quaked and the rocks were split. 52The tombs were also opened # Ezk 37:12 and many bodies of the saints who had fallen asleep were raised. 53And they came out of the tombs after His resurrection, entered the holy city, and appeared to many.
54When the centurion and those with him, who were guarding Jesus, saw the earthquake and the things that had happened, they were terrified and said, “This man really was God’s Son! ” # Or the Son of God # Jn 5:19; Heb 1:2
55Many women who had followed Jesus from Galilee and ministered to Him were there, looking on from a distance. # Ps 38:11; Lk 8:2-3; Jn 19:25 56Among them were Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James and Joseph, and the mother of Zebedee’s sons. # Mt 20:20; Mk 15:40; Jn 19:25
The Burial of Jesus
57When it was evening, # Mk 15:42-47; Lk 23:50-56; Jn 19:38-42 a rich man from Arimathea named Joseph came, who himself had also become a disciple # Mt 10:42; 28:19; Lk 14:26; Jn 8:31; 13:35; 15:8; Ac 6:1 of Jesus. 58He approached Pilate and asked for Jesus’ body. Then Pilate ordered that it # Other mss read that the body be released. 59So Joseph took the body, wrapped it in clean, fine linen, 60and placed it in his new tomb, which he had cut into the rock. He left after rolling a great stone against the entrance of the tomb. # Is 53:9; Mt 27:66; 28:2; Mk 16:4 61Mary Magdalene and the other Mary were seated there, facing the tomb.
The Closely Guarded Tomb
62The next day, which followed the preparation day, the chief priests and the Pharisees gathered before Pilate # Mk 15:42; Lk 23:54; Jn 19:14,31,42 63and said, “Sir, we remember that while this deceiver was still alive He said, ‘After three days I will rise again.’ # Mt 16:21; 17:22-23; 20:19; Mk 8:31; 10:34; Lk 9:22; 18:33 64Therefore give orders that the tomb be made secure until the third day. Otherwise, His disciples # Mt 10:1, 26:56; Mk 3:7; 16:20; Lk 6:13; Jn 12:16 may come, steal Him, and tell the people, ‘He has been raised from the dead.’ Then the last deception will be worse than the first.”
65“You have # Or “Take a guard of soldiers,” # It is uncertain whether this guard consisted of temple police or Roman soldiers. Pilate told them. “Go and make it as secure as you know how.” 66Then they went and made the tomb secure by sealing the stone and setting the guard. # Lit stone with the guard # Dn 6:17; Mt 28:2,11