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Commissioning the Twelve
1Summoning His 12 disciples, #Mk 3:13-196:13-16 He gave them authority over unclean spirits, to drive them out and to heal every # Or every kind of disease and sickness. #Mt 9:35Mk 6:7Lk 9:1 2These are the names of the 12 apostles: #Mt 4:18|NoBook| 16:18Jn 1:42
First, Simon, who is called Peter,
and Andrew his brother;
James the son of Zebedee,
and John his brother;
3Philip and Bartholomew; # Probably the Nathanael of Jn 1:45-51
Thomas and Matthew the tax collector;
James the son of Alphaeus, and Thaddaeus; # Other mss read and Lebbaeus, whose surname was Thaddaeus
4Simon the Zealot, # Lit the Cananaean and Judas Iscariot, # Iscariot is probably “a man of Kerioth,” a town in Judea.
who also betrayed Him. #Mt 26:14Lk 22:3Jn 6:71|NoBook| 13:2
5Jesus sent out these 12 after giving them instructions: “Don’t take the road leading to other nations, and don’t enter any Samaritan # 2Kg 17:24; Lk 9:52; 17:16; Jn 4:9; Ac 8:25 town. 6Instead, go to the lost sheep # Ps 119:36; Is 53:6; Jr 50:6; Mt 9:36; 18:12 of the house of Israel. # Ac 2:36; 7:42; Heb 8:8,10 7As you go, announce this: ‘The kingdom of heaven has come near.’ # Mt 3:2-3; 4:17; Lk 10:9 8Heal the sick, raise the dead, cleanse those with skin diseases, drive out demons. # Mk 3:15; Rv 9:20; 18:2 You have received free of charge; give free of charge. 9Don’t take along gold, silver, or copper for your money-belts. # Mk 6:6-8; Lk 9:3-5; 10:4-12 10Don’t take a traveling bag for the road, or an extra shirt, sandals, or a walking stick, for the worker # Lk 10:7; 1Co 9:14; 1Tm 5:18 is worthy of his food.
11“When you enter any town or village, find out who is worthy, and stay there until you leave. 12Greet a household when you enter it, # 1Sm 25:6; 1Ch 12:18; Ps 122:7-8 13and if the household is worthy, let your peace be on it. But if it is unworthy, let your peace return to you. # Ps 35:13; Mt 8:8; Ac 16:15 14If anyone will not welcome you or listen to your words, shake the dust off your feet # Neh 5:13; Lk 10:11; Ac 13:51 when you leave that house or town. 15I assure you: It will be more tolerable on the day of judgment # Mt 12:36; Ac 17:31; Heb 10:25; 2Pt 2:9; 1Jn 4:17 for the land of Sodom and Gomorrah than for that town. # Mt 11:22,24; 2Pt 2:6; Jd 6-7
Persecutions Predicted
16“Look, I’m sending you out like sheep among wolves. Therefore be as shrewd as serpents and as harmless as doves. # Gn 3:1; Lk 10:3; Rm 16:19; Php 2:15 17Because people will hand you over to sanhedrins # Local Jewish courts or local councils and flog you in their synagogues, # Mk 13:9,11; Lk 12:11-12; Ac 5:40; 26:11 beware of them. 18You will even be brought before governors and kings because of Me, to bear witness to them and to the nations. # Mt 28:19; Rm 1:5; Gl 1:16 19But when they hand you over, don’t worry about how or what you should speak. # Ex 4:12; Nm 23:5; Dt 18:18; Mt 6:25 For you will be given what to say at that hour, 20because you are not speaking, but the Spirit # Ps 51:11; Jn 1:33; Ac 2:4; Rm 8:9; Gl 5:25; Ti 3:5 of your Father is speaking through you. # Lk 12:12; Ac 4:8; 13:9; 2Co 13:3
21“Brother will betray brother to death, and a father his child. Children will even rise up against their parents and have them put to death. # Mc 7:6; Mt 10:35-36; Mk 13:12 22You will be hated by everyone because of My name. # Mt 24:9; Lk 21:17; Jn 15:18 But the one who endures to the end will be delivered. # Or saved # Mt 24:13; Mk 13:13; Jn 12:12-13 23When they persecute you in one town, escape to another. # Mt 12:15; Ac 8:1; 9:25; 14:6; 17:10 For I assure you: You will not have covered the towns of Israel before the Son of Man comes. 24A disciple # Or student is not above his teacher, or a slave above his master. # Lk 6:40; Jn 13:16; 15:20 25It is enough for a disciple to become like his teacher and a slave like his master. If they called the head of the house ‘Beelzebul,’ how much more the members of his household! # 2Kg 1:2; Mt 12:24,27; Mk 3:22; Lk 11:15,18-19
Fear God
26“Therefore, # Lk 12:2-9 don’t be afraid of them, since there is nothing covered that won’t be uncovered and nothing hidden that won’t be made known. # Mk 4:22; Lk 8:17; 12:2 27What I tell you in the dark, speak in the light. What you hear in a whisper, # Lit in the ear proclaim on the housetops. # Mt 24:17; Lk 5:19; 12:3; Ac 5:20 28Don’t fear those who kill the body but are not able to kill the soul; # Is 8:12-13; 51:12-13; Jr 1:8; 1Pt 3:14 rather, fear Him who is able to destroy both soul and body in hell. # Mt 5:22; Lk 12:5; Heb 10:31; Jms 4:12 29Aren’t two sparrows sold for a penny? # Gk assarion, a small copper coin Yet not one of them falls to the ground without your Father’s # Mt 5:16; 11:27; Lk 11:13; Jn 8:42 consent. # Lit ground apart from your Father 30But even the hairs of your head have all been counted. # 1Sm 14:45; 2Sm 14:11; Lk 21:18; Ac 27:34 31So don’t be afraid therefore; you are worth more than many sparrows. # Mt 6:26; 12:12
Acknowledging Christ
32“Therefore, everyone who will acknowledge Me before men, I will also acknowledge him before My Father in heaven. # Lk 12:8; Rm 10:9-10; Rv 3:5 33But whoever denies Me before men, # Mk 8:38; Lk 9:26; 2Tm 2:12; 2Pt 2:1 I will also deny him before My Father in heaven. 34Don’t assume that I came to bring peace on the earth. I did not come to bring peace, but a sword. # Lk 12:51-53 35For I came to turn
a man against his father,
a daughter against her mother,
a daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law;
36and a man’s enemies will be
the members of his household. # Ps 41:9; 55:12-13; Mc 7:6; Jn 13:18 # Mc 7:6
37The person who loves father or mother more than Me is not worthy of Me; # Lk 14:25-27 the person who loves son or daughter more than Me is not worthy of Me. 38And whoever doesn’t take up his cross and follow # Lit follow after Me is not worthy of Me. 39Anyone finding # Or The one who finds his life will lose it, # Mt 16:25; Mk 8:35; Lk 9:24; 17:33; Jn 12:25 and anyone losing # Or and the one who loses his life because of Me will find it. # Mt 9:9; Jn 8:12; 12:26; 21:19
A Cup of Cold Water
40“The one who welcomes you welcomes Me, # Mt 18:5; Lk 10:16; Jn 13:20; Gl 4:14 and the one who welcomes Me welcomes Him who sent Me. # Mk 9:37; Lk 9:48; Jn 12:44 41Anyone who # Or The one who welcomes a prophet # 1Kg 17:10-15; 18:4; 2Kg 4:8; 3Jn 5-8 because he is a prophet # Lit prophet in the name of a prophet will receive a prophet’s reward. And anyone who # Or And the one who welcomes a righteous person because he’s righteous # Lit person in the name of a righteous person will receive a righteous person’s reward. 42And whoever gives # Mt 25:40; Mk 9:41; Heb 6:10 just a cup of cold water to one of these little ones because he is a disciple # Lit little ones in the name of a disciple # Mt 28:19; Lk 14:26; Jn 8:31; 13:35; 15:8; Ac 6:1 — I assure you: He will never lose his reward! ”
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