3
The Messiah’s Herald
1In the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar, # Emperor who ruled the Roman Empire a.d. 14–37 while Pontius Pilate was governor of Judea, #Mt 27:2Lk 13:123:1-24Ac 3:13|NoBook| 4:27|NoBook| 13:281Tm 6:13 Herod was tetrarch # Or ruler of Galilee, #Mt 14:1 his brother Philip tetrarch of the region of Iturea # A small province northeast of Galilee and Trachonitis, # A small province northeast of Galilee and Lysanias tetrarch of Abilene, # A small Syrian province 2during the high priesthood of Annas #Jn 18:13Ac 4:6 and Caiaphas, #Mt 26:3 God’s word came to John the son of Zechariah in the wilderness. #Mt 3:1-10Mk 1:3-5 3He went into all the vicinity of the Jordan, #Mt 3:5 preaching a baptism of repentance # Or baptism based on repentance for the forgiveness of sins, #Mk 1:4Ac 2:38 4as it is written in the book of the words of the prophet Isaiah:
A voice of one crying out in the wilderness:
Prepare the way for the Lord;
make His paths straight!
5Every valley will be filled,
and every mountain and hill will be made low; # Lit be humbled
the crooked will become straight,
the rough ways smooth,
6and everyone # Lit all flesh will see the salvation of God. #Is 40:3-5 # Is 40:3-5
7He then said to the crowds who came out to be baptized by him, “Brood of vipers! #Mt 12:34|NoBook| 23:33 Who warned you to flee from the coming wrath? #Lk 3:7Eph 5:6Col 3:61Th 1:10Rv 6:17|NoBook| 11:18 8Therefore produce fruit #Lk 3:8Jn 15:2 consistent with repentance. And don’t start saying to yourselves, ‘We have Abraham as our father,’ #Jn 8:33 for I tell you that God is able to raise up children for Abraham from these stones! 9Even now the ax is ready to strike # Lit the ax lies at the root of the trees! Therefore, every tree that doesn’t produce good fruit will be cut down and thrown into the fire.” #Mt 3:10|NoBook| 7:19Lk 13:6-9
10“What then should we do? ” #Ac 2:37-38 the crowds were asking him.
11He replied to them, “The one who has two shirts # Lit tunics must share with someone who has none, and the one who has food must do the same.” #Is 58:7
12Tax collectors #Lk 5:29-30|NoBook| 7:29|NoBook| 15:1 also came to be baptized, and they asked him, “Teacher, what should we do? ” #Mt 9:10-1121:31-32Lk 5:29-30|NoBook| 7:29|NoBook| 15:1
13He told them, “Don’t collect any more than what you have been authorized.”
14Some soldiers also questioned him: “What should we do? ”
He said to them, “Don’t take money from anyone by force or false accusation; be satisfied with your wages.”
15Now the people were waiting expectantly, and all of them were debating in their minds # Or hearts whether John might be the Messiah. #Jn 1:19-20 16John answered them all, #Mt 3:11-12Mk 1:7-8 “I baptize you with # Or in water, but One is coming who is more powerful than I. I am not worthy to untie the strap of His sandals. He will baptize you with # Or in the Holy Spirit and fire. 17His winnowing shovel # A wooden farm implement used to toss threshed grain into the wind so the lighter chaff would blow away and separate from the heavier grain #Is 30:24 is in His hand to clear His threshing floor and gather the wheat into His barn, #Mt 13:29-30 but the chaff He will burn up with a fire that never goes out.” #Mk 9:43 18Then, along with many other exhortations, he proclaimed good news to the people. 19But Herod the tetrarch, #Mt 14:3Mk 6:17 being rebuked by him about Herodias, his brother’s wife, and about all the evil things Herod had done, #Mt 14:1Lk 3:1 20added this to everything else — he locked John up in prison. #Jn 3:24
The Baptism of Jesus
21When all the people were baptized, #Mt 3:13-17Mk 1:9-11 Jesus also was baptized. As He was praying, #Mt 14:23Lk 5:16|NoBook| 9:18 heaven opened, #Jn 1:51Ac 7:55|NoBook| 10:11Rv 19:11 22and the Holy Spirit descended on Him in a physical appearance like a dove. And a voice came from heaven:
You are My beloved Son.
I take delight in You! #Ps 2:7Is 42:1Mt 3:17|NoBook| 17:5Mk 1:11Lk 9:352Pt 1:17
The Genealogy of Jesus Christ
23As He began His ministry, Jesus was about 30 years old and was thought to be # People did not know about His virgin birth; Mt 1:18-25; Lk 1:26-38 the
son of Joseph, #Mt 1:16 son # The relationship in some cases may be more distant than a son. of Heli,
24son of Matthat, son of Levi,
son of Melchi, son of Jannai,
son of Joseph, 25son of Mattathias,
son of Amos, son of Nahum,
son of Esli, son of Naggai,
26son of Maath, son of Mattathias,
son of Semein, son of Josech,
son of Joda, 27son of Joanan,
son of Rhesa, son of Zerubbabel, #Hg 1:1|NoBook| 2:4Mt 1:12
son of Shealtiel, son of Neri,
28son of Melchi, son of Addi,
son of Cosam, son of Elmadam,
son of Er, 29son of Joshua,
son of Eliezer, son of Jorim,
son of Matthat, son of Levi,
30son of Simeon, son of Judah,
son of Joseph, son of Jonam,
son of Eliakim, 31son of Melea,
son of Menna, son of Mattatha,
son of Nathan, son of David,
32son of Jesse, #Mt 1:1-6 son of Obed, #Rt 4:17
son of Boaz, son of Salmon, # Other mss read Sala
son of Nahshon, 33son of Amminadab,
son of Ram, # Other mss read Amminadab, son of Aram, son of Joram ; other mss read Amminadab, son of Admin, son of Arni son of Hezron,
son of Perez, #Gn 38:29|NoBook| 46:12 son of Judah,
34son of Jacob, son of Isaac,
son of Abraham, #Gn 11:26-301Ch 1:24-27 son of Terah,
son of Nahor, 35son of Serug,
son of Reu, son of Peleg, #Gn 10:2511:16-19
son of Eber, son of Shelah,
36son of Cainan, son of Arphaxad,
son of Shem, son of Noah, #Gn 5:3-321Ch 1:1-4
son of Lamech, 37son of Methuselah,
son of Enoch, #Gn 5:21-26 son of Jared,
son of Mahalaleel, son of Cainan,
38son of Enos, son of Seth,
son of Adam, son of God.
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