Eastern Tribes Return Home
1Joshua summoned the Reubenites, Gadites, and half the tribe of Manasseh 2and told them, “You have done everything Moses the Lord’s servant commanded you # Dt 3:18-20 and have obeyed me in everything I commanded you. 3You have not deserted your brothers even once this whole time but have carried out the requirement of the command of the Lord your God. 4Now that He has given your brothers rest, just as He promised them, return to your homes in your own land that Moses the Lord’s servant gave you across the Jordan. 5Only carefully obey the command and instruction that Moses the Lord’s servant gave you: to love the Lord your God, walk in all His ways, keep His commands, remain faithful # Lit commands, hold on to Him, and serve Him with all your heart and all your soul.” # Dt 6:5; 10:12-13; 11:13-17
6Joshua blessed them and sent them on their way, # Jos 14:13 and they went to their homes. 7Moses had given territory to half the tribe of Manasseh in Bashan, but Joshua had given territory to the other half, # Lit to his half with their brothers, on the west side of the Jordan. # Nm 32:33; Jos 17:5 When Joshua sent them to their homes and blessed them, 8he said, “Return to your homes with great wealth: a huge number of cattle, and silver, gold, bronze, iron, and a large quantity of clothing. Share the spoil of your enemies with your brothers.” # Nm 31:27; 1Sm 30:24
Eastern Tribes Build an Altar
9The Reubenites, Gadites, and half the tribe of Manasseh left the Israelites at Shiloh in the land of Canaan to return to their own land of Gilead, # Nm 32:1,26,29 which they took possession of according to the Lord’s command through Moses. 10When they came to the region of # Or to Geliloth by the Jordan in the land of Canaan, the Reubenites, Gadites, and half the tribe of Manasseh built a large, impressive altar there by the Jordan.
11Then the Israelites heard it said, “Look, the Reubenites, Gadites, and half the tribe of Manasseh have built an altar on the frontier of the land of Canaan at the region of # Or at Geliloth by the Jordan, on the Israelite side.” 12When the Israelites heard this, the entire Israelite community assembled at Shiloh to go to war against them. # Lv 17:8-9; Dt 13:12-15
Explanation of the Altar
13The Israelites sent Phinehas son of Eleazar the priest to the Reubenites, Gadites, and half the tribe of Manasseh, in the land of Gilead. # Ex 6:25; Nm 25:7 14They sent 10 leaders with him — one family leader for each tribe of Israel. All of them were heads of their families among the clans of Israel. # Nm 1:4,16 15They went to the Reubenites, Gadites, and half the tribe of Manasseh, in the land of Gilead, and told them, 16“This is what the Lord’s entire community says: ‘What is this treachery you have committed today against the God of Israel by turning away from the Lord and building an altar for yourselves, so that you are in rebellion against the Lord today? 17Wasn’t the sin of Peor, # Dt 10:17; Ps 50:1; 136:2; Dn 2:47; 11:36 which brought a plague on the Lord’s community, enough for us, so that we have not cleansed ourselves from it even to this day, # Jos 6:25 18and now, you would turn away from the Lord? If you rebel against the Lord today, tomorrow He will be angry with the entire community of Israel. # Nm 16:22 19But if the land you possess is defiled, cross over to the land the Lord possesses where the Lord’s tabernacle stands, and take possession of it among us. But don’t rebel against the Lord or against us by building for yourselves an altar other than the altar of the Lord our God. 20Wasn’t Achan son of Zerah unfaithful regarding what was set apart for destruction, bringing wrath on the entire community of Israel? He was not the only one who perished because of his sin.’ ” # Jos 7:1-26
21The Reubenites, Gadites, and half the tribe of Manasseh answered the leaders of the Israelite clans, 22“Yahweh is the God of gods! Yahweh is the God of gods! # Or The Mighty One, God, the Lord! The Mighty One, God, the Lord!, or God, the Lord God! God, the Lord God! # Dt 10:17; Ps 50:1; 136:2; Dn 2:47; 11:36 He knows, # 1Kg 8:39 and may Israel also know. Do not spare us today, if it was in rebellion or treachery against the Lord 23that we have built for ourselves an altar to turn away from Him. May the Lord Himself hold us accountable if we intended to offer burnt offerings and grain offerings on it, or to sacrifice fellowship offerings on it. 24We actually did this from a specific concern that in the future your descendants might say to our descendants, ‘What relationship do you have with the Lord, the God of Israel? 25For the Lord has made the Jordan a border between us and you descendants of Reuben and Gad. You have no share in the Lord! ’ So your descendants may cause our descendants to stop fearing the Lord.
26“Therefore we said: Let us take action and build an altar for ourselves, but not for burnt offering or sacrifice. 27Instead, it is to be a witness between us and you, # Gn 31:48,52; Dt 31:19,26; Jos 24:27; Is 19:20 and between the generations after us, so that we may carry out the worship of the Lord in His presence with our burnt offerings, sacrifices, and fellowship offerings. # Dt 12:6 Then in the future, your descendants will not be able to say to our descendants, ‘You have no share in the Lord! ’ 28We thought that if they said this to us or to our generations in the future, we would reply: Look at the replica of the Lord’s altar that our fathers made, not for burnt offering or sacrifice, but as a witness between us and you. 29We would never rebel against the Lord or turn away from Him today by building an altar for burnt offering, grain offering, or sacrifice, other than the altar of the Lord our God, which is in front of His tabernacle.”
30When Phinehas the priest and the community leaders, the heads of Israel’s clans who were with him, heard what the descendants of Reuben, Gad, and Manasseh had to say, they were pleased. 31Phinehas son of Eleazar the priest said to the descendants of Reuben, Gad, and Manasseh, “Today we know that the Lord is among us, because you have not committed this treachery against Him. # Lv 26:11-12 As a result, you have delivered the Israelites from the Lord’s power.”
32Then Phinehas son of Eleazar the priest and the leaders returned from the Reubenites and Gadites in the land of Gilead to the Israelites in the land of Canaan and brought back a report to them. 33The Israelites were pleased with the report, and they praised God. # 1Ch 29:20; Dn 2:19; Lk 2:28 They spoke no more about going to war against them to ravage the land where the Reubenites and Gadites lived. 34So the Reubenites and Gadites named the altar: It # Some Hb mss, Syr, Tg read altar Witness because it is a witness between us that the Lord is God.