Judgment against Sinful Kings
1This is what the Lord says: “Go down to the palace of the king of Judah and announce this word there. 2You are to say: Hear the word of the Lord, king of Judah, you who sit on the throne of David# 2Sm 3:10; 1Kg 2:12,24,45; Is 9:7; Jr 17:25; 22:30; 29:16; 36:30 — you, your officers, and your people who enter these gates. 3This is what the Lord says: Administer justice and righteousness. # 2Sm 8:15; 1Kg 10:9; 2Ch 9:8; Is 33:5; 59:14; Jr 9:24; 23:5; 33:15; Am 5:7,24 Rescue the victim of robbery from the hand of his oppressor. # Dt 28:29; Ps 35:10; Ec 4:1; Jr 21:12 Don’t exploit or brutalize the foreigner, the fatherless, or the widow.# Dt 14:29; 24:17,19-21; 27:19; Ps 146:9; Jr 7:6; Ezk 22:7 Don’t shed innocent blood in this place. 4For if you conscientiously carry out this word, then kings sitting on David’s throne will enter through the gates of this palace # Jr 17:25 riding on chariots and horses — they, their officers, and their people. 5But if you do not obey these words, then I swear by Myself# Gn 22:16; 1Sm 3:14; Ps 89:3,35; Is 45:23; 54:9; Jr 44:26; 49:13” — this is the Lord’s declaration — “that this house will become a ruin.” # Jr 17:27
6For this is what the Lord says concerning the house of the king of Judah:
You are like Gilead# Sg 4:1; Jr 8:22; 46:11; 50:19; Mc 7:14; Zch 10:10 to Me,
or the summit of Lebanon,
but I will certainly turn you into a wilderness,
7I will appoint destroyers# Ex 12:23; 2Sm 24:16; Is 54:16 against you,
each with his weapons.
They will cut down the choicest of your cedars
and throw them into the fire.
8“Many nations will pass by this city and ask one another, ‘Why did the Lord do such a thing to this great city? ’ 9They will answer, ‘Because they abandoned the covenant # Dt 29:24-25; 1Kg 19:10,14 of Yahweh their God and worshiped and served other gods.’ ” # Dt 30:17
A Message Concerning Shallum
10Do not weep for the dead;
do not mourn for him.
Weep bitterly for the one # = Shallum (Jehoahaz) in v. 11 who has gone away,
for he will never return again
and see his native land.# 2Sm 12:22-23
11For this is what the Lord says concerning Shallum # 2Kg 23:32-35; 1Ch 3:15 son of Josiah, king of Judah, who became king in place of his father Josiah: “He has left this place — he will never return here again, 12but he will die in the place where they deported him, never seeing this land again.”
A Message concerning Jehoiakim
13Woe for the one who builds his palace
through unrighteousness, # Mc 3:10
his upper rooms through injustice,
who makes his fellow man serve without pay
and will not give him his wages, # Lv 19:13; Jms 5:4
14who says, “I will build myself a massive palace,
with spacious upper rooms.”
He will cut windows # Lit My windows in it,
and it will be paneled with cedar# 1Kg 6:9,15,18; 7:3,7
and painted with vermilion.
15Are you a king because you excel in cedar?
Didn’t your father eat and drink
and administer justice and righteousness? # Jr 22:3
Then it went well with him.
16He took up the case of the poor and needy,# Dt 24:14
then it went well.
Is this not what it means to know Me?
This is the Lord’s declaration.
17But you have eyes and a heart for nothing
except your own dishonest profit,
shedding innocent blood
and committing extortion and oppression.# Is 30:12; 59:9-15; Jr 6:6; Ezk 22:7,12,29; Mc 3:11; Hab 1:3
18Therefore, this is what the Lord says concerning Jehoiakim # 2Kg 23:34–24:6; 2Ch 36:4-8 son of Josiah, king of Judah:
They will not mourn for him, saying,
“Woe, my brother! ” or “Woe, my sister! ”
They will not mourn for him, saying,
“Woe, lord! Woe, his majesty! ”
19He will be buried like a donkey, # Jr 36:30
dragged off and thrown
outside the gates of Jerusalem.
20Go up to Lebanon and cry out;
raise your voice in Bashan;
cry out from Abarim, # Nm 27:12; Dt 32:49
for all your lovers # Or friends, or allies have been crushed. # Jr 3:1
21I spoke to you when you were secure.
You said, “I will not listen.”
This has been your way since youth; # Jr 3:25
indeed, you have never listened to Me.
22The wind will take charge of # Lit will shepherd all your shepherds,
and your lovers # Or friends, or allies will go into captivity.
Then you will be ashamed and humiliated # Is 41:11
because of all your evil.
23You residents of Lebanon,
nestled among the cedars,
how you will groan # LXX, Syr, Vg; MT reads will be pitied when labor pains come on you,
agony like a woman in labor. # Ps 48:6; Is 13:8; 21:3; 42:14; Jr 4:31; 6:24; 13:21; 30:6; 50:43; Mc 4:9-10; 1Th 5:3
A Message concerning Coniah
24“As I live,” says the Lord, “though you, Coniah # = Jehoiachin # 2Kg 24:6-17; Jr 37:1; 52:31 son of Jehoiakim, the king of Judah, were a signet ring # Gn 38:18; 1Kg 21:8; Hg 2:23 on My right hand, I would tear you from it. 25In fact, I will hand you over to those you dread, # Jr 34:20-21 who want to take your life, to Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon and the Chaldeans. 26I will hurl you and the mother who gave birth # 2Kg 24:15 to you into another land, # 2Kg 24:8 where neither of you were born, and there you will both die. 27They will never return to the land they long to return to.”
28Is this man Coniah a despised, shattered pot, # Ps 31:12; Jr 48:38; Hs 8:8
a jar no one wants?
Why are he and his descendants hurled out
and cast into a land they have not known?
29Earth, earth, earth,
hear the word of the Lord!
30This is what the Lord says:
Record this man as childless, # 1Ch 3:17; Mt 1:12
a man who will not be successful in his lifetime.
None of his descendants will succeed
in sitting on the throne of David # Jr 36:30
or ruling again in Judah.