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The Vine and the Calf
1Israel is a lush # Or ravaged vine; # Is 5:1-7; Ezk 15:1-6
it yields fruit for itself.
The more his fruit increased,
the more he increased the altars. # Hs 8:11; 12:11
The better his land produced,
the better they made the sacred pillars. # 1Kg 14:23; Hs 3:4
2Their hearts are devious; # Or divided # 1Kg 18:21; Zph 1:5
now they must bear their guilt. # Hs 13:16
The Lord will break down their altars # Mc 5:13
and demolish their sacred pillars.
3In fact, they are now saying,
“We have no king!
For we do not fear the Lord. # Ps 12:4; Is 5:19
What can a king do for us? ”
4They speak mere words,
taking false oaths while making covenants. # Ezk 17:13-19; Hs 4:2
So lawsuits break out
like poisonous weeds in the furrows of a field. # Dt 31:16-17; 2Kg 17:3-4
5The residents of Samaria # Hs 7:1 will have anxiety
over the calf # Hs 8:5-6 of Beth-aven. # Hs 4:15; 5:8
Indeed, its idolatrous priests rejoiced over it;
the people will mourn over it,
over its glory. # Hs 9:11
It will certainly depart from them.
6The calf itself will be taken to Assyria # Hs 11:5
as an offering to the great king. # Or to King Yareb # Hs 5:13
Ephraim will experience shame; # Hs 4:7
Israel will be ashamed of its counsel. # Is 30:3; Jr 7:24
7Samaria’s king will disappear # Or will be cut off # Hs 13:11
like foam # Or a stick on the surface of the water.
8The high places # Dt 12:2; Hs 4:13 of Aven, the sin of Israel, # 1Kg 12:28-30; 13:34
will be destroyed;
thorns and thistles will grow over their altars. # Is 32:13; Hs 9:6
They will say to the mountains, # Lk 23:30; Rv 6:16 “Cover us! ”
and to the hills, “Fall on us! ” # Rv 6:16
Israel’s Defeat because of Sin
9Israel, you have sinned
since the days of Gibeah; # Hs 5:8; 9:9
they have taken their stand there.
Will not war against the unjust
overtake them in Gibeah?
10I will discipline # Hs 4:9 them at My discretion; # Ezk 5:13
nations will be gathered against them
to put them in bondage # LXX, Syr, Vg read against them when they are disciplined
for their two crimes. # Jdg 19–21; 1Kg 12:28-30
11Ephraim is a well-trained calf # Jr 5:11; Hs 4:16
that loves to thresh,
but I will place a yoke on # Lit will pass over her fine neck. # Jr 28:14
I will harness Ephraim; # Ps 66:12
Judah will plow;
Jacob will do the final plowing.
12Sow righteousness for yourselves # Pr 11:18
and reap faithful love;
break up your unplowed ground. # Jr 4:3
It is time to seek the Lord # Hs 4:1; 12:6
until He comes # Hs 6:3 and sends righteousness
on you like the rain. # Is 44:3; 45:8
13You have plowed wickedness and reaped injustice; # Jb 4:8; Gl 6:7
you have eaten the fruit of lies. # Hs 4:2; 7:3; 11:12
Because you have trusted in your own way # LXX reads your chariots
and in your large number of soldiers, # Ps 33:16
14the roar of battle will rise against your people,
and all your fortifications will be demolished # Is 17:3
in a day of war,
like Shalman’s destruction of Beth-arbel.
Mothers will be dashed to pieces
along with their children. # Hs 13:16
15So it will be done to you, Bethel, # Hs 4:15; 10:5
because of your extreme evil.
At dawn the king of Israel will be totally destroyed.

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