Sailing for Rome
1When it was decided that we were to sail to Italy, they handed over Paul and some other prisoners to a centurion named Julius, of the Imperial Regiment. # Ac 10:1; 16:10; 25:12,25 2So when we had boarded a ship of Adramyttium, we put to sea, intending to sail to ports along the coast of Asia. Aristarchus, a Macedonian of Thessalonica, was with us. # Ac 17:1; 19:29; 20:4; Col 4:10; Phm 24 3The next day we put in at Sidon, and Julius treated Paul kindly and allowed him to go to his friends to receive their care. # Ac 24:23; 27:43; 28:16 4When we had put out to sea from there, we sailed along the northern coast # Lit sailed under the lee of Cyprus because the winds were against us. 5After sailing through the open sea off Cilicia and Pamphylia, we reached Myra in Lycia. # Ac 6:9; 13:13 6There the centurion found an Alexandrian ship sailing for Italy and put us on board. 7Sailing slowly for many days, we came with difficulty as far as Cnidus. Since the wind did not allow us to approach it, we sailed along the south side # Lit sailed under the lee of Crete off Salmone. 8With yet more difficulty we sailed along the coast and came to a place called Fair Havens near the city of Lasea.
Paul’s Advice Ignored
9By now much time had passed, and the voyage was already dangerous. Since the Fast # The Day of Atonement # Lv 16:29-31; 23:27-29; Nm 29:7 was already over, Paul gave his advice 10and told them, “Men, I can see that this voyage is headed toward damage and heavy loss, not only of the cargo and the ship but also of our lives.” 11But the centurion paid attention to the captain and the owner of the ship rather than to what Paul said. # Ac 27:21; Rv 18:17 12Since the harbor was unsuitable to winter in, the majority decided to set sail from there, hoping somehow to reach Phoenix, a harbor on Crete # Ac 2:11; Ti 1:5 open to the southwest and northwest, and to winter there.
13When a gentle south wind sprang up, they thought they had achieved their purpose. They weighed anchor and sailed along the shore of Crete. 14But not long afterward, a fierce wind called the “northeaster” # Lit Euraquilo, a violent northeast wind rushed down from the island. 15Since the ship was caught and was unable to head into the wind, we gave way to it and were driven along. 16After running under the shelter of a little island called Cauda, # Or Clauda we were barely able to get control of the skiff. 17After hoisting it up, they used ropes and tackle and girded the ship. Then, fearing they would run aground on the Syrtis, # = sandbanks or sandbars near North Africa they lowered the drift-anchor, and in this way they were driven along. 18Because we were being severely battered by the storm, they began to jettison the cargo the next day. # Jnh 1:5; Ac 27:38 19On the third day, they threw the ship’s gear overboard with their own hands.
20For many days neither sun nor stars appeared, and the severe storm kept raging. Finally all hope that we would be saved was disappearing. 21Since many were going without food, Paul stood up among them and said, “You men should have followed my advice not to sail from Crete and sustain this damage and loss. 22Now I urge you to take courage, because there will be no loss of any of your lives, but only of the ship. 23For this night an angel of the God I belong to and serve stood by me, # Dn 6:16; Ac 18:9; 23:11; Rm 1:9; 2Tm 4:17 24and said, ‘Don’t be afraid, Paul. You must stand before Caesar. And, look! God has graciously given you all those who are sailing with you.’ 25Therefore, take courage, men, because I believe God that it will be just the way it was told to me. # Ac 27:22,36; Rm 4:20-21 26However, we must run aground on a certain island.” # Ac 27:17,29; 28:1
27When the fourteenth night came, we were drifting in the Adriatic Sea, # Part of the northern Mediterranean Sea; not the modern Adriatic Sea east of Italy and in the middle of the night the sailors thought they were approaching land. # Lit thought there was land approaching them 28They took a sounding and found it to be 120 feet # Lit 20 fathoms deep; when they had sailed a little farther and sounded again, they found it to be 90 feet # Lit 15 fathoms deep. 29Then, fearing we might run aground in some rocky place, they dropped four anchors from the stern and prayed for daylight to come.
30Some sailors tried to escape from the ship; they had let down the skiff into the sea, pretending that they were going to put out anchors from the bow. 31Paul said to the centurion and the soldiers, “Unless these men stay in the ship, you cannot be saved.” 32Then the soldiers cut the ropes holding the skiff and let it drop away.
33When it was about daylight, Paul urged them all to take food, saying, “Today is the fourteenth day that you have been waiting and going without food, having eaten nothing. 34Therefore I urge you to take some food. For this has to do with your survival, since none of you will lose a hair from your head.” # 1Kg 1:52; Mt 10:30; Lk 21:18 35After he said these things and had taken some bread, he gave thanks to God in the presence of all of them, and when he broke it, he began to eat. # Mt 14:19; 15:36 36They all became encouraged and took food themselves. 37In all there were 276 of us on the ship. # Ac 2:41; 7:14; Rm 13:1; 1Pt 3:20 38When they had eaten enough, they began to lighten the ship by throwing the grain overboard into the sea.
39When daylight came, they did not recognize the land but sighted a bay with a beach. They planned to run the ship ashore if they could. # Ac 27:18; 28:1 40After casting off the anchors, they left them in the sea, at the same time loosening the ropes that held the rudders. Then they hoisted the foresail to the wind and headed for the beach. 41But they struck a sandbar and ran the ship aground. The bow jammed fast and remained immovable, while the stern began to break up by the pounding of the waves.
42The soldiers’ plan was to kill the prisoners so that no one could swim away and escape. 43But the centurion kept them from carrying out their plan because he wanted to save Paul, so he ordered those who could swim to jump overboard first and get to land. 44The rest were to follow, some on planks and some on debris from the ship. In this way, everyone safely reached the shore. # Ac 12:19; 27:3,22; 2Co 11:25