Nebuchadnezzar’s Siege of Jerusalem
1In the ninth year # Jr 32:1 of Zedekiah’s reign, # Jr 39:1-7; 52:4-11 on the tenth day of the tenth month, King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon advanced against Jerusalem with his entire army. # Jr 21:2; 34:1-2; Ezk 24:2 They laid siege to the city and built a siege wall against it all around. # Ezk 21:22 2The city was under siege until King Zedekiah’s eleventh year.
3By the ninth day of the fourth month the famine was so severe in the city that the people of the land had no food. # 2Kg 6:24-25; Lm 4:9-10 4Then the city was broken into, # Jr 39:2 and all the warriors fled # Ezk 33:21 by night by way of the gate between the two walls near the king’s garden, # Neh 3:15 even though the Chaldeans surrounded the city. As the king made his way along the route to the Arabah, # Dt 2:8 5the Chaldean army pursued him and overtook him in the plains of Jericho. Zedekiah’s entire army was scattered from him. # Lv 26:36; Ezk 12:14; 17:21 6The Chaldeans seized the king # Jr 34:21-22 and brought him up to the king of Babylon # Jr 32:4 at Riblah, # Nm 34:11; 2Kg 23:33; Jr 52:9 and they passed sentence on him. 7They slaughtered Zedekiah’s sons before his eyes. Finally, the king of Babylon blinded Zedekiah, bound him in bronze chains, and took him to Babylon. # Jr 39:6-7; Ezk 12:13
8On # Jr 39:8-10; 52:12-16 the seventh day of the fifth month, which was the nineteenth year of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, Nebuzaradan, the commander of the guards, a servant of the king of Babylon, entered Jerusalem. # 2Kg 24:12; Jr 39:9; 52:12 9He burned the Lord’s temple, # 1Kg 9:8; 2Ch 36:19 the king’s palace, # Jr 39:8; Am 2:5 and all the houses of Jerusalem; he burned down # Jr 17:27 all the great houses. 10The whole Chaldean army with the commander of the guards tore down the walls # 2Kg 24:13; Neh 1:3; Jr 50:15 surrounding Jerusalem. 11Nebuzaradan, the commander of the guards, deported the rest of the people who were left in the city, the deserters who had defected to the king of Babylon, and the rest of the population. # 2Ch 36:20; Jr 5:19; 39:1-9 12But the commander of the guards left some of the poorest of the land to be vinedressers and farmers. # 2Kg 24:14; Jr 39:10; 40:7
13Now # Jr 52:17-27 the Chaldeans broke into pieces the bronze pillars # 2Kg 20:17; 2Ch 36:18; Jr 52:17 of the Lord’s temple, the water carts, and the bronze reservoir, # 1Kg 7:23; 2Ch 4:2-4 which were in the Lord’s temple, and carried the bronze to Babylon. # Jr 27:19-22 14They also took the pots, the shovels, the wick trimmers, the dishes, and all the bronze articles used in temple service. # Ex 27:3; 1Kg 7:47-50; 2Ch 4:16 15The commander of the guards took away the firepans and the sprinkling basins — whatever was gold or silver. # 2Kg 24:13; Jr 15:13; 20:5
16As for the two pillars, the one reservoir, and the water carts that Solomon had made for the Lord’s temple, the weight of the bronze of all these articles was beyond measure. # 1Kg 7:47 17One pillar was 27 feet # Lit 18 cubits tall and had a bronze capital on top of it. The capital, encircled by a grating and pomegranates of bronze, stood five feet # Lit three cubits high. The second pillar was the same, with its own grating. # 1Kg 7:15-22
18The commander of the guards # Jr 39:9-13; 52:12-16,24 also took away Seraiah # 1Ch 6:14; Ezr 7:1 the chief priest, Zephaniah # Jr 21:1; 29:25,29 the priest of the second rank, and the three doorkeepers. 19He took a court official who had been appointed over the warriors from the city; five trusted royal aides # Lit five men who look on the king’s face # Jr 52:25 found in the city; the secretary of the commander of the army, who enlisted the people of the land for military duty; and 60 men from the common people # Lit the people of the land who were found within the city. 20Nebuzaradan, the commander of the guards, took them and brought them to the king of Babylon at Riblah. # 2Kg 23:33 21The king of Babylon put them to death at Riblah in the land of Hamath. So Judah went into exile from its land. # Dt 28:63-64; 2Kg 23:27
Gedaliah Made Governor
22Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon appointed Gedaliah # Jr 39:14; 40:7-9 son of Ahikam, son of Shaphan, over the rest of the people he left in the land of Judah. # Is 1:9; Jr 40:5 23When all the commanders of the armies — they and their men — heard that the king of Babylon had appointed Gedaliah, they came to Gedaliah at Mizpah. # Jos 18:26 The commanders included Ishmael son of Nethaniah, Johanan son of Kareah, Seraiah son of Tanhumeth the Netophathite, and Jaazaniah son of the Maacathite — they and their men. # Jr 40:7-8 24Gedaliah swore an oath to them and their men, assuring them, “Don’t be afraid of the servants of the Chaldeans. Live in the land and serve the king of Babylon, and it will go well for you.” # Jr 40:9
25In the seventh month, however, Ishmael son of Nethaniah, son of Elishama, of the royal family, came with 10 men and struck down Gedaliah, and he died. Also, they killed the Judeans and the Chaldeans who were with him at Mizpah. # Jr 41:1-2 26Then all the people, from the youngest to the oldest, and the commanders of the army, left and went to Egypt, for they were afraid of the Chaldeans. # Is 30:2; Jr 43:4-7
27On # Jr 52:31-34 the twenty-seventh day of the twelfth month of the thirty-seventh year of the exile of Judah’s King Jehoiachin, in the year Evil-merodach became king of Babylon, he pardoned King Jehoiachin # 2Kg 24:12 of Judah and released him from prison. # Gn 40:13,20 28He spoke kindly # 1Kg 8:50 to him and set his throne over the thrones of the kings who were with him in Babylon. # Ezr 5:5; 7:6,28 29So Jehoiachin changed his prison clothes, and he dined regularly in the presence of the king of Babylon for the rest of his life. # 2Sm 9:7 30As for his allowance, a regular allowance # Gn 43:34; Neh 12:47 was given to him by the king, a portion for each day, for the rest of his life.