Ahab and Naboth’s Vineyard
1Some time passed after these events. Naboth the Jezreelite had a vineyard; it was in Jezreel #Jdg 6:331Kg 18:45 next to the palace of Ahab king of Samaria. #1Kg 20:1 2So Ahab spoke to Naboth, saying, “Give me your vineyard #1Sm 8:14 so I can have it for a vegetable garden, since it is right next to my palace. I will give you a better vineyard in its place, or if you prefer, I will give you its value in silver.”
3But Naboth said to Ahab, “I will never give my fathers’ inheritance #Lv 25:23Nm 36:7 to you.”
4So Ahab went to his palace resentful and angry #1Kg 20:43 because of what Naboth the Jezreelite had told him. He had said, “I will not give you my fathers’ inheritance.” He lay down on his bed, turned his face away, #2Kg 20:2 and didn’t eat any food. #1Sm 28:23
5Then his wife Jezebel came to him and said to him, “Why are you so upset that you refuse to eat? ”
6“Because I spoke to Naboth the Jezreelite,” he replied. “I told him: Give me your vineyard for silver, or if you wish, I will give you a vineyard in its place. But he said, ‘I won’t give you my vineyard! ’ ”
7Then his wife Jezebel said to him, “Now, exercise your royal power over Israel. Get up, eat some food, and be happy. For I will give you the vineyard of Naboth the Jezreelite.” #1Sm 8:14 8So she wrote letters #2Sm 11:14 in Ahab’s name and sealed them with his seal. #Est 3:12|NoBook| 8:8 She sent the letters to the elders #1Kg 20:7 and nobles who lived with Naboth in his city. 9In the letters, she wrote:
Proclaim a fast #1Sm 7:5-62Ch 20:2-4 and seat Naboth at the head of the people. 10Then seat two wicked men #Dt 13:13 opposite him and have them testify against him, saying, “You have cursed God and the king! ” #Ex 20:16|NoBook| 23:1Dt 5:20Ac 6:11 Then take him out and stone him to death. #Lv 24:15-16
11The men of his city, the elders and nobles who lived in his city, did as Jezebel had commanded them, as was written in the letters she had sent them. 12They proclaimed a fast and seated Naboth at the head of the people. 13The two wicked men came in and sat opposite him. Then the wicked men testified against Naboth in the presence of the people, saying, “Naboth has cursed God and the king! ” So they took him outside the city and stoned him to death with stones. 14Then they sent word to Jezebel, “Naboth has been stoned to death.” #Lv 24:16
15When Jezebel heard that Naboth had been stoned to death, she said to Ahab, “Get up and take possession of the vineyard of Naboth the Jezreelite who refused to give it to you for silver, #1Kg 21:2-3 since Naboth isn’t alive, but dead.” 16When Ahab heard that Naboth was dead, he got up to go down to the vineyard of Naboth the Jezreelite to take possession of it.
The Lord’s Judgment on Ahab
17Then the word of the Lord came to Elijah the Tishbite: #1Kg 17:2 18“Get up and go to meet Ahab king of Israel, #1Kg 18:1 who is in Samaria. #1Kg 16:292Ch 22:9 You’ll find him in Naboth’s vineyard, where he has gone to take possession of it. 19Tell him, ‘This is what the Lord says: Have you murdered #Ex 20:13Dt 5:17 and also taken possession? ’ #Lv 25:23 Then tell him, ‘This is what the Lord says: In the place where the dogs licked Naboth’s blood, the dogs will also lick your blood! ’ ” #1Kg 22:38
20Ahab said to Elijah, “So, you have caught me, my enemy.” #1Kg 18:17
He replied, “I have caught you because you devoted #2Kg 17:17Rm 7:14 yourself to do what is evil in the Lord’s sight. 21This is what the Lord says: # LXX; MT omits This is what the Lord says ‘I am about to bring disaster on you and will sweep away your descendants:
I will eliminate all of Ahab’s males, # Lit eliminate Ahab’s one who urinates against the wall
both slave and free, in Israel; #2Kg 9:8
22I will make your house like the house of Jeroboam #1Kg 14:10-11 son of Nebat and like the house of Baasha #1Kg 16:3-4 son of Ahijah, because you have provoked My anger and caused Israel to sin. #1Kg 12:30 23The Lord also speaks of Jezebel: The dogs will eat Jezebel in the plot of land # Some Hb mss, Syr, Tg, Vg, 2Kg 9:36; other Hb mss, LXX read the rampart at Jezreel: #2Kg 9:10
24He who belongs to Ahab and dies in the city, the dogs will eat,
and he who dies in the field, the birds of the sky will eat.’ ” #1Kg 14:11|NoBook| 16:4
25Still, there was no one like Ahab, who devoted himself to do what was evil in the Lord’s sight, because his wife Jezebel incited him. #1Kg 16:30-33 26He committed the most detestable acts by going after idols #2Kg 17:12 as the Amorites #Gn 15:162Kg 21:11 had, whom the Lord had dispossessed before the Israelites.
27When Ahab heard these words, he tore his clothes, put sackcloth over his body, and fasted. He lay down in sackcloth #Gn 37:342Sm 3:312Kg 6:30 and walked around subdued. 28Then the word of the Lord came to Elijah the Tishbite: 29“Have you seen how Ahab has humbled himself before Me? I will not bring the disaster during his lifetime, #2Kg 20:192Ch 32:26 because he has humbled himself before Me. I will bring the disaster on his house during his son’s lifetime.” #2Kg 9:25-3710:6-11
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