Resurrection Essential to the Gospel
1Now brothers, I want to clarify # Or I make known for you the gospel I proclaimed to you; you received it and have taken your stand # Pr 24:16 on it. 2You are also saved by it, if you hold to the message I proclaimed to you — unless you believed for no purpose. # Or believed without careful thought, or believed in vain # Gl 4:11; Heb 6:8 3For I passed on to you # Jd 3 as most important what I also received:
that Christ died # 1Co 8:11 for our sins
according to the Scriptures, # Mt 26:54; 1Pt 1:20
4that He was buried, # Mt 27:59-60; Mk 15:46; Lk 23:53; Jn 19:41-42
that He was raised on the third day # 1Th 4:14
according to the Scriptures, # Ps 16:10; Is 53:10; Hs 6:2; Mt 12:40; Jn 2:22; Ac 2:25-32; 13:33-35; 26:22-23
5and that He appeared to Cephas, # Lk 24:34
then to the Twelve. # Mk 16:14; Lk 24:36; Jn 20:19,26; Ac 10:41
6Then He appeared to over 500 brothers at one time; # Mt 28:10-20
most of them are still alive,
but some have fallen asleep.
7Then He appeared to James, # Jms 1:1
then to all the apostles. # Ac 1:3-11
8Last of all, as to one abnormally born, # Or one whose birth was unusual, He # 1Tm 1:13-16
He also appeared to me. # Ac 9:1-8
9For I am the least of the apostles, # Eph 3:8; 1Tm 1:16-17 unworthy to be called an apostle, because I persecuted # Php 3:6 the church of God. 10But by God’s grace I am what I am, and His grace toward me was not ineffective. However, I worked more than any of them, yet not I, but God’s grace that was with me. # 2Co 3:5; Php 2:13; Col 1:29 11Therefore, whether it is I or they, so we proclaim and so you have believed.
Resurrection Essential to the Faith
12Now if Christ is proclaimed as raised from the dead, # Mt 17:9 how can some of you say, “There is no resurrection of the dead”? # Mt 22:23; Mk 12:18; Lk 20:27; Ac 23:8; 2Tm 2:18 13But if there is no resurrection of the dead, then Christ has not been raised; 14and if Christ has not been raised, then our proclamation is without foundation, and so is your faith. # Or proclamation is useless, and your faith also is useless, or proclamation is empty, and your faith also is empty 15In addition, we are found to be false witnesses # Mt 26:60 about God, because we have testified # Jn 15:26 about God that He raised up Christ — whom He did not raise up if in fact the dead are not raised. 16For if the dead are not raised, Christ has not been raised. 17And if Christ has not been raised, your faith is worthless; you are still in your sins. 18Therefore, those who have fallen asleep in Christ # 1Th 4:16; 1Pt 5:14 have also perished. 19If we have put our hope in Christ for this life only, we should be pitied more than anyone.
Christ’s Resurrection Guarantees Ours
20But now Christ has been raised from the dead, the firstfruits # Ex 23:19; Lv 2:12; Rm 8:23; Col 1:18 of those who have fallen asleep. 21For since death # Mt 10:21; Jn 8:51; Php 3:10 came through a man, # Gn 3:1-7; Rm 5:12-14 the resurrection of the dead also comes through a man. # Mt 28:5-6; Mk 16:6; Lk 24:5-8,34; Jn 11:25; 20:9,15-18 22For as in Adam all die, so also in Christ all will be made alive. # Rm 14:9 23But each in his own order: # 1Th 4:17 Christ, the firstfruits; afterward, at His coming, those who belong to Christ. 24Then comes the end, # Mt 24:6; Mk 13:7 when He hands over the kingdom to God the Father, # Mt 5:16; 11:27; Lk 11:13; Jn 8:42; Eph 5:20 when He abolishes all rule and all authority and power. # Ac 8:10; Eph 1:21; 1Pt 3:22 25For He must reign # Lk 1:33; Rv 11:15 until He puts all His enemies under His feet. # Ps 110:1; Mt 22:44; Eph 1:22 26The last enemy to be abolished is death. # 2Co 5:4 27For God has put everything under His feet. # Ps 8:6 # Ps 8:6 But when it says “everything” is put under Him, it is obvious that He who puts everything under Him is the exception. 28And when everything is subject to Christ, then the Son # Jn 5:19; Heb 1:2 Himself will also be subject to the One who subjected everything to Him, so that God may be all in all. # Ps 104:24; Eph 1:23
Resurrection Supported by Christian Experience
29Otherwise what will they do who are being baptized for the dead? If the dead are not raised at all, then why are people baptized for them? # Other mss read for the dead 30Why are we in danger every hour? 31I affirm by the pride in you that I have in Christ Jesus our Lord: I die every day! # Rm 8:36 32If I fought wild animals in Ephesus # Eph 1:1 with only human hope, # Lit Ephesus according to man what good did that do me? # Lit what to me the profit? # 1Th 2:19 If the dead are not raised, Let us eat and drink, for tomorrow we die. # Is 22:13 # Is 22:13 33Do not be deceived: “Bad company corrupts good morals.” # A quotation from the poet Menander, Thais, 218 34Come to your senses # Lit Sober up righteously # Ti 2:12 and stop sinning, for some people are ignorant about God. I say this to your shame. # 1Co 4:14
The Nature of the Resurrection Body
35But someone will say, “How are the dead raised? What kind of body will they have when they come? ” 36Foolish one! What you sow does not come to life # Jn 12:24 unless it dies. 37And as for what you sow — you are not sowing the future body, but only a seed, # Lit but a naked seed perhaps of wheat or another grain. 38But God gives it a body as He wants, # Ps 143:10; Pr 16:9; Jn 5:30; Gl 1:4; Eph 1:9; 1Jn 2:17 and to each of the seeds its own body. 39Not all flesh # Php 3:3 is the same flesh; there is one flesh for humans, another for animals, another for birds, and another for fish. 40There are heavenly bodies and earthly bodies, but the splendor # Lk 9:31-32; Ac 22:11 of the heavenly bodies is different from that of the earthly ones. 41There is a splendor of the sun, another of the moon, and another of the stars; for one star differs from another star in splendor. 42So it is with the resurrection of the dead:
Sown in corruption, raised in incorruption; # Rm 2:7; Eph 6:24; 2Tm 1:10
43sown in dishonor, # 2Co 6:8 raised in glory; # 1Pt 5:4
sown in weakness, raised in power; # Mk 5:30; Lk 1:35; 6:19; Ac 19:11; 2Co 13:4; Rv 11:17
44sown a natural body, raised a spiritual body.
If there is a natural body, there is also a spiritual body. 45So it is written: The first man Adam became a living being; # Gn 2:7 # Gn 2:7 the last Adam # Rm 8:2 became a life-giving Spirit. 46However, the spiritual is not first, but the natural, then the spiritual.
47The first man was from the earth
and made of dust; # Gn 2:7; 3:19; Ps 90:3
the second man is # Other mss add the Lord from heaven.
48Like the man made of dust,
so are those who are made of dust;
like the heavenly man,
so are those who are heavenly. # Php 3:20-21
49And just as we have borne
the image # Gn 1:27 of the man made of dust,
we will also bear
the image of the heavenly man. # 1Jn 3:2
50Brothers, I tell you this: Flesh # Php 3:3 and blood # Mt 16:17 cannot inherit the kingdom of God, and corruption cannot inherit incorruption. 51Listen! I am telling you a mystery:
We will not all fall asleep,
but we will all be changed,
52in a moment, in the blink of an eye,
at the last trumpet. # Mt 24:31; 1Pt 1:5
For the trumpet will sound,
and the dead will be raised incorruptible,
and we will be changed.
53For this corruptible must be clothed # Pr 31:25
with incorruptibility, # 1Pt 1:18
and this mortal must be clothed
54When this corruptible is clothed
and this mortal is clothed
then the saying that is written will take place:
Death has been swallowed up # Mt 23:24 in victory. # Is 25:8 # Is 25:8
55Death, where is your victory?
Death, where is your sting? # Hs 13:14 # Hs 13:14
56Now the sting of death is sin,
and the power of sin # Rm 4:15 is the law. # Gl 5:4
57But thanks be to God, who gives us the victory # 1Jn 5:5
through our Lord Jesus Christ!
58Therefore, my dear brothers, be steadfast, immovable, always excelling in the Lord’s work, # Mk 14:6; Gl 3:10; Jms 2:14-26 knowing that your labor in the Lord is not in vain.