Israel’s Twelve Sons
1 These were Israel’s sons: Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, Zebulun, 2 Dan, Joseph, Benjamin, Naphtali, Gad, and Asher.
3 Judah’s sons were Er, Onan, and Shelah. These three were born to him by Bathshua, a Canaanite woman. The Lord considered Er, Judah’s firstborn, evil, so the Lord killed Er. 4 Tamar, Judah’s daughter-in-law, gave birth to Judah’s sons Perez and Zerah. Judah had five sons in all.
5 Perez’s sons were Hezron and Hamul. 6 Zerah’s sons were Zimri, Ethan, Heman, Calcol, and Dara #Some Hebrew manuscripts; other Hebrew manuscripts, 1 Kings 5:11, Greek, Syriac, Targum, Egyptian “Darda.”—five in all. 7 Carmi’s son was Achar, who caused trouble for Israel by taking goods that were claimed by God. 8 Ethan’s son was Azariah.
9 The sons born to Hezron were Jerahmeel, Ram, and Chelubai. 10 Ram was the father of Amminadab. Amminadab was the father of Nahshon, leader of Judah’s people. 11 Nahshon was the father of Salma, and Salma was the father of Boaz. 12 Boaz was the father of Obed, and Obed was the father of Jesse. 13 Jesse was the father of Eliab (his firstborn), Abinadab (his second son), Shimea (his third son), 14 Nethanel (his fourth son), Raddai (his fifth son), 15 Ozem (his sixth son), and David (his seventh son). 16 Their sisters were Zeruiah and Abigail. Zeruiah’s three sons were Abishai, Joab, and Asahel. 17 Abigail was the mother of Amasa, whose father was Jether, a descendant of Ishmael.
18 Hezron’s son was Caleb. Caleb and his wife Azubah had a son named Jerioth. Her other sons were Jesher, Shobab, and Ardon. 19 After Azubah died, Caleb married Ephrath. She gave birth to Hur. 20 Hur was the father of Uri, and Uri was the father of Bezalel.
21 Afterwards, Hezron slept with the daughter of Machir, the man who first settled Gilead. Hezron had married her when he was 60 years old. She gave birth to Segub. 22 Segub was the father of Jair, who had 23 towns in Gilead. 23 Geshur and Aram captured Havvoth Jair with Kenath and its villages (60 cities in all). All of these people were descendants of Machir, the man who first settled Gilead. 24 After Hezron died in Caleb Ephrathah, Hezron’s wife Abijah gave birth to Ashhur, who first settled Tekoa.
25 Jerahmeel (the firstborn son of Hezron) fathered Ram (his firstborn), then Bunah, Oren, Ozem, and Ahijah. 26 Jerahmeel had another wife. Her name was Atarah, and she was the mother of Onam.
27 The sons of Ram (the firstborn son of Jerahmeel) were Maaz, Jamin, and Eker. 28 Onam’s sons were Shammai and Jada. Shammai’s sons were Nadab and Abishur. 29 The name of Abishur’s wife was Abihail. She gave birth to Ahban and Molid. 30 Nadab’s sons were Seled and Appaim, but Seled died without children. 31 Appaim’s son was Ishi, and Ishi’s son was Sheshan, and Sheshan’s son was Ahlai. 32 The sons of Jada (Shammai’s brother) were Jether and Jonathan. Jether died without children. 33 Jonathan’s sons were Peleth and Zaza. These were the descendants of Jerahmeel.
34 Sheshan had no sons, but he had daughters. He had an Egyptian slave named Jarha. 35 Sheshan let Jarha marry one of his daughters. She gave birth to Attai. 36 Attai was the father of Nathan. Nathan was the father of Zabad. 37 Zabad was the father of Ephlal. Ephlal was the father of Obed. 38 Obed was the father of Jehu. Jehu was the father of Azariah. 39 Azariah was the father of Helez. Helez was the father of Eleasah. 40 Eleasah was the father of Sismai. Sismai was the father of Shallum. 41 Shallum was the father of Jekamiah. Jekamiah was the father of Elishama.
42 The descendants of Caleb (Jerahmeel’s brother) were his firstborn son Mesha, who first settled Ziph, and the sons of Mareshah, who first settled Hebron. 43 Hebron’s sons were Korah, Tappuah, Rekem, and Shema. 44 Shema was the father of Raham, who first settled Jorkeam. Rekem was the father of Shammai. 45 Shammai’s son was Maon, who first settled Beth Zur. 46 Ephah, Caleb’s concubine,#A concubine is considered a wife except she has fewer rights under the law. was the mother of Haran, Moza, and Gazez. Haran was the father of Gazez. 47 Jahdai’s sons were Regem, Jotham, Geshan, Pelet, Ephah, and Shaaph. 48 Maacah, Caleb’s concubine, was the mother of Sheber and Tirhanah. 49 Also, she was the mother of Shaaph, who first settled Madmannah, and of Sheva, who first settled Machbenah and Gibea. Caleb’s daughter was Achsah. 50 These people were the descendants of Caleb.
The sons of Hur, the firstborn son of Ephrath, were Shobal, who first settled Kiriath Jearim, 51 Salma, who first settled Bethlehem, and Hareph, who first settled Beth Gadar. 52 Shobal, who first settled Kiriath Jearim, had these descendants: Haroeh, half of the Manahathites, 53 the families of Kiriath Jearim, the Ithrites, the Puthites, the Shumathites, and the Mishraites. From these people came the Zorahites and Eshtaolites.
54 The descendants of Salma, ⌊who first settled⌋ Bethlehem, were the Netophathites, Atroth, ⌊who first settled⌋ Beth Joab, half of the Manahathites, the Zorites, 55 and the families of scribes who lived at Jabez. These families were the people of Tira, Shimea, and Sucah. These people are the Kenites who came from Hammath. They first settled Beth Rechab.