Josiah Celebrates the Passover
(2 Kings 23.21-23; 2 Chronicles 35.1-9)
1King Josiah celebrated the Passover at Jerusalem in honor of the Lord; on the fourteenth day of the first month they killed the animals for the festival. 2Josiah assigned the priests, dressed in their priestly robes, to serve in the Temple according to the daily order. 3He also instructed the Levites, the Temple servants, to purify themselves for the Lord's service, so that they could put the sacred Covenant Box of the Lord in the Temple that King Solomon, the son of David, had built. 4Josiah said to them, “You must no longer carry it from place to place, but you are to serve the Lord your God and minister to his people Israel. Get ready by family and clan to carry out your duties 5#2 Ch 8.14 according to the directions given by King David and the splendid way that they were carried out by his son King Solomon. Take your places in the Temple in proper order according to your family divisions as Levites serving the Lord for the people of Israel. 6Kill the Passover lambs and goats and prepare the sacrifices for your people. Then celebrate the Passover according to the instructions that the Lord gave to Moses.”
7Josiah gave to the people who were present 30,000 young sheep and goats and 3,000 calves. These were a gift from the royal estates to carry out the promise he had made to the people, the priests, and the Levites. 8The officials in charge of the Temple—Hilkiah, Zechariah, and Jehiel—also gave the priests 2,600 sheep and 300 calves for the sacrifices during the festival. 9And the army commanders—Conaniah, Shemaiah and his brother Nethanel, Hashabiah, Ochiel, and Joram—contributed 5,000 sheep and 700 calves for the Levites to offer as sacrifices.
10-11Here is what happened. The priests and the Levites, dressed in the proper manner and carrying the unleavened bread, came that morning to present the offerings to the Lord according to the instructions in the Law of Moses. They took their positions in front of the people in the order of tribal and family divisions. 12#Ex 12.89 The Levites roasted the Passover sacrifices and then boiled them in pots and kettles, making a pleasant smell. 13Then they distributed the meat to all the people. After that was done, they took meat for themselves and for the priests, the descendants of Aaron, 14because the priests were kept busy until night burning the fat of the sacrifices. 15-16The guards at the Temple gates and the Temple singers of the Levite clan of Asaph (with Asaph, Zechariah, and Eddinus, who were representatives of the king) remained at the places assigned to them by King David's instructions. They did not need to leave their posts, because the other Levites prepared the Passover for them.
17-18So, as King Josiah had commanded, everything that related to the sacrifices offered to the Lord was done that day; the Passover Festival was celebrated, and the sacrifices were offered on the altar. 19#Ex 12.1-20 All the people of Israel who were present at that time kept the Passover and observed the Festival of Unleavened Bread for seven days. 20Since the days of the prophet Samuel, the Passover had never been celebrated so well. 21-22None of the former kings of Israel had ever celebrated a Passover like this one celebrated by King Josiah in Jerusalem in the eighteenth year of his reign; it was celebrated by the priests, the Levites, and all the people of Judah and Israel.
The End of Josiah's Reign
(2 Kings 23.28-30; 2 Chronicles 35.20-27)
23The Lord was pleased with everything Josiah did, for he was a very religious man. 24But the ancient records also tell the story of those who sinned and rebelled against the Lord during Josiah's reign. They sinned more than any other nation or kingdom and did things that offended the Lord so much that his judgment fell on the people of Israel.
25After Josiah had done all these things, the king of Egypt led an army to fight at Carchemish on the Euphrates River. Josiah tried to stop him, 26but the king of Egypt sent Josiah this message: “The war I am fighting does not concern you, King of Judah. 27The Lord God did not send me to fight you; my battle is on the Euphrates River. The Lord is with me, and he is urging me on; so withdraw your troops and don't oppose the Lord.” 28But Josiah did not go back to his chariot and withdraw. He refused to listen to what the Lord had said through the prophet Jeremiah and decided to fight. 29He went into battle on the plain of Megiddo, and the Egyptian commanders attacked him.
30King Josiah ordered his servants, “Take me off the battlefield; I'm badly hurt.” So they took him out of the line of battle immediately, 31and he got into a second chariot and was taken back to Jerusalem. There he died and was buried in the royal tomb. 32All the people of Judah mourned his death.
The prophet Jeremiah composed a lament for King Josiah. It has become a custom in Israel for the leaders and their wives to sing this song when they mourn for him. 33These things are recorded in The History of the Kings of Judah. Everything that Josiah did, how he gained his fame and his understanding of the Law, what he did earlier and what is told here, is all recorded in The History of the Kings of Israel and Judah.
King Joahaz of Judah
(2 Kings 23.30-35; 2 Chronicles 36.1-4)
34The people of Judah chose Josiah's son Joahaz#1.34: Joahaz; some manuscripts have Jeconiah. and made him king. Joahaz was twenty-three years old, 35and he ruled Judah and Jerusalem for three months. Then the king of Egypt deposed him 36and made the nation pay 7,500 pounds of silver and 75 pounds of gold as tribute. 37#Jr 22.1112 The king of Egypt appointed Joahaz's brother Jehoiakim king of Judah and Jerusalem. 38Jehoiakim put the leading men of the nation in prison, then had his brother Zarius arrested and brought back from Egypt.
King Jehoiakim of Judah
(2 Kings 23.36—24.7; 2 Chronicles 36.5-8)
39 # Jr 22.1819Jr 26.1 Jehoiakim was twenty-five years old when he became king of Judah and Jerusalem. He sinned against the Lord. 40#Dn 1.12 King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylonia invaded Judah, captured Jehoiakim, and took him to Babylonia in bronze chains. 41Nebuchadnezzar also carried off some of the sacred utensils from the Temple and put them in his own temple in Babylon. 42The stories about Jehoiakim, his depravity, and the godless way he lived are recorded in The Chronicles of the Kings.
King Jehoiachin of Judah
(2 Kings 24.8-17; 2 Chronicles 36.9, 10)
43Jehoiachin was eighteen years old when he succeeded his father Jehoiakim as king, 44and he ruled in Jerusalem for three months and ten days. He too sinned against the Lord. 45#Jr 22.24-30Jr 24.1Jr 29.12Ez 17.12 A year later King Nebuchadnezzar had Jehoiachin taken to Babylonia as a prisoner; Nebuchadnezzar also carried off sacred utensils from the Temple. 46Then he made Zedekiah king of Judah and Jerusalem.
King Zedekiah of Judah
(2 Kings 24.18-20; 2 Chronicles 36.11, 12; Jeremiah 52.1-3a)
Zedekiah was then twenty-one years old, and he ruled for eleven years. 47He sinned against the Lord and refused to listen to the prophet Jeremiah, who spoke the word of the Lord.
The Fall of Jerusalem
(2 Kings 25.1-21; 2 Chronicles 36.13-21; Jeremiah 52.3b-11)
48 # Ez 17.15 Although King Nebuchadnezzar had forced Zedekiah to swear in the Lord's name that he would be loyal to him, Zedekiah broke his oath and rebelled against him. He stubbornly refused to obey the commands of the Lord, the God of Israel. 49In addition, the leaders of the people and even the chief priests did more godless and lawless things than all the corrupt heathen; they defiled the Temple of the Lord, which he had made holy. 50The God of their ancestors had continued to send prophets to call them back from their sins, because he wanted to spare them and the Temple. 51But when the Lord spoke through his prophets, the people made fun of them and laughed. 52At last the Lord became so angry with his people and their depraved ways that he ordered the kings of Babylonia to attack them. 53The Babylonians killed the young men of Judah all around the Temple and did not spare anyone, young or old, man or woman. The Lord handed them all over to their enemies. 54The Babylonians carried off all the sacred utensils from the Temple, the treasure chests,#1.54: treasure chests; some manuscripts have the equipment of the Covenant Box. and the wealth of the king; they took everything away to Babylon, leaving nothing behind. 55They burned down the Temple, broke down the city wall, set fire to its towers, 56and completely destroyed all its beauty. Nebuchadnezzar forced all the survivors to be led away to Babylon, 57where they served him and his descendants as slaves until the rise of the Persian Empire. And so what the Lord had foretold through the prophet Jeremiah was fulfilled: 58#Jr 25.11Jr 29.10 “The land will lie desolate for seventy years to make up for the Sabbath rest#1.58: Sabbath Rest: A reference to the requirement of the Law that every seventh year the land was not to be farmed (see Lv 25.1-7). that has not been observed.”