The name Exodus means “departure,” and refers to the most important event in Israel's history, which is described in this book—the departure of the people of Israel from Egypt, where they had been slaves. The book has four main parts: 1) the freeing of the Hebrews from slavery; 2) their journey to Mount Sinai; 3) God's covenant with his people at Sinai, which gave them moral, civil, and religious laws to live by; and 4) the building and furnishing of a place of worship for Israel, and laws regarding the priests and the worship of God.
Above all, this book describes what God did, as he liberated his enslaved people and formed them into a nation with hope for the future.
The central human figure in the book is Moses, the man whom God chose to lead his people from Egypt. The most widely known part of the book is the list of the Ten Commandments in chapter 20.
Outline of Contents
The Israelites set free from Egypt (1.1—15.21)
a. Slaves in Egypt (1.1-22)
b. Moses' birth and early life (2.1—4.31)
c. Moses and Aaron confront the king of Egypt (5.1—11.10)
d. The Passover and the departure from Egypt (12.1—15.21)
From the Red Sea to Mount Sinai (15.22—18.27)
The Law and the covenant (19.1—24.18)
The Sacred Tent and instructions for worship (25.1—40.38)
The name Exodus means “departure” and this book tells how God used a man named Moses to lead the Hebrew people (Israelites) out of a life of slavery in Egypt. God led the people through the Red Sea and into the Sinai Desert. He miraculously provided them with the water and food they needed. God made an agreement (covenant) with the people and gave the Law to Moses at Mount Sinai so that the people could live as God intended.