30
PSALM 30#An individual thanksgiving in four parts: praise and thanks for deliverance and restoration (Ps 30:2–4); an invitation to others to join in (Ps 30:5–6); a flashback to the time before deliverance (Ps 30:7–11); a return to praise and thanks (Ps 30:12). Two sets of images recur: 1) going down, death, silence; 2) coming up, life, praising. God has delivered the psalmist from one state to the other.
Thanksgiving for Deliverance
1A psalm. A song for the dedication of the Temple.#For the dedication of the Temple: a later adaptation of the Psalm to celebrate the purification of the Temple in 164 B.C. during the Maccabean Revolt. Of David.
I
2I praise you, Lord, for you raised me up
and did not let my enemies rejoice over me.
3O Lord, my God,
I cried out to you for help and you healed#Healed: for God as healer, see also Ps 103:3; 107:20; Hos 6:1; 7:1; 11:3; 14:5. me.
4Lord, you brought my soul up from Sheol;
you let me live, from going down to the pit.#Sheol…pit: the shadowy underworld residence of the spirits of the dead, here a metaphor for near-death.#a. [30:4] Ps 28:1; Jon 2:7.
II
5Sing praise to the Lord, you faithful;
give thanks to his holy memory.
6For his anger lasts but a moment;
his favor a lifetime.
At dusk weeping comes for the night;
but at dawn there is rejoicing.
III
7Complacent,#Complacent: untroubled existence is often seen as a source of temptation to forget God, cf. Dt 8:10–18; Hos 13:6; Prv 30:9. I once said,
“I shall never be shaken.”
8Lord, you showed me favor,
established for me mountains of virtue.
But when you hid your face
I was struck with terror.#b. [30:8] Ps 104:29.
9To you, Lord, I cried out;
with the Lord I pleaded for mercy:
10#In the stillness of Sheol no one gives you praise; let me live and be among your worshipers, cf. Ps 6:6; 88:11–13; 115:17; Is 38:18.“What gain is there from my lifeblood,
from my going down to the grave?
Does dust give you thanks
or declare your faithfulness?
11Hear, O Lord, have mercy on me;
Lord, be my helper.”
IV
12You changed my mourning into dancing;
you took off my sackcloth
and clothed me with gladness.#c. [30:12] Is 61:3; Jer 31:13.
13So that my glory may praise you
and not be silent.
O Lord, my God,
forever will I give you thanks.
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