29
PSALM 29#The hymn invites the members of the heavenly court to acknowledge God’s supremacy by ascribing glory and might to God alone (Ps 29:1–2a, 9b). Divine glory and might are dramatically visible in the storm (Ps 29:3–9a). The storm apparently comes from the Mediterranean onto the coast of Syria-Palestine and then moves inland. In Ps 29:10 the divine beings acclaim God’s eternal kingship. The Psalm concludes with a prayer that God will impart the power just displayed to the Israelite king and through the king to Israel.
The Lord of Majesty Acclaimed as King of the World
1A psalm of David.
I
Give to the Lord, you sons of God,#Sons of God: members of the heavenly court who served Israel’s God in a variety of capacities.
give to the Lord glory and might;
2Give to the Lord the glory due his name.
Bow down before the Lord’s holy splendor!#a. [29:2] Ps 68:35; 96:7–9.
II
3The voice of the Lord#The voice of the LORD: the sevenfold repetition of the phrase imitates the sound of crashing thunder and may allude to God’s primordial slaying of Leviathan, the seven-headed sea monster of Canaanite mythology. is over the waters;
the God of glory thunders,
the Lord, over the mighty waters.
4The voice of the Lord is power;
the voice of the Lord is splendor.#b. [29:4] Ps 46:7; 77:18–19; Jb 37:4; Is 30:30.
5The voice of the Lord cracks the cedars;
the Lord splinters the cedars of Lebanon,
6Makes Lebanon leap like a calf,
and Sirion#Sirion: the Phoenician name for Mount Hermon, cf. Dt 3:9. like a young bull.
7The voice of the Lord strikes with fiery flame;
8the voice of the Lord shakes the desert;
the Lord shakes the desert of Kadesh.
9#Having witnessed God’s supreme power (Ps 29:3–9a), the gods acknowledge the glory that befits the king of the divine and human world.The voice of the Lord makes the deer dance
and strips the forests bare.
All in his Temple say, “Glory!”
III
10The Lord sits enthroned above the flood!#The flood: God defeated the primordial waters and made them part of the universe, cf. Ps 89:10–13; 93:3–4.#c. [29:10] Bar 3:3.
The Lord reigns as king forever!
11May the Lord give might to his people;#His people: God’s people, Israel.
may the Lord bless his people with peace!#d. [29:11] Ps 68:36.
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