23
PSALM 23#God’s loving care for the psalmist is portrayed under the figures of a shepherd for the flock (Ps 23:1–4) and a host’s generosity toward a guest (Ps 23:5–6). The imagery of both sections is drawn from traditions of the exodus (Is 40:11; 49:10; Jer 31:10).
The Lord, Shepherd and Host
1A psalm of David.
I
The Lord is my shepherd;#My shepherd: God as good shepherd is common in both the Old Testament and the New Testament (Ez 34:11–16; Jn 10:11–18).
there is nothing I lack.#a. [23:1] Ps 80:2; 95:7; 100:3; Dt 2:7.
2In green pastures he makes me lie down;
to still waters he leads me;
3#b. [23:3] Prv 4:11.he restores my soul.
He guides me along right paths#Right paths: connotes “right way” and “way of righteousness.”
for the sake of his name.
4Even though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death,#c. [23:4] Jb 10:21–22; Is 50:10.
I will fear no evil, for you are with me;
your rod and your staff comfort me.
II
5#You set a table before me: this expression occurs in an exodus context in Ps 78:19. In front of my enemies: my enemies see that I am God’s friend and guest. Oil: a perfumed ointment made from olive oil, used especially at banquets (Ps 104:15; Mt 26:7; Lk 7:37, 46; Jn 12:2).You set a table before me
in front of my enemies;#You set a table before me: this expression occurs in an exodus context in Ps 78:19. In front of my enemies: my enemies see that I am God’s friend and guest. Oil: a perfumed ointment made from olive oil, used especially at banquets (Ps 104:15; Mt 26:7; Lk 7:37, 46; Jn 12:2).
You anoint my head with oil;#You set a table before me: this expression occurs in an exodus context in Ps 78:19. In front of my enemies: my enemies see that I am God’s friend and guest. Oil: a perfumed ointment made from olive oil, used especially at banquets (Ps 104:15; Mt 26:7; Lk 7:37, 46; Jn 12:2).#d. [23:5] Ps 92:11.
my cup overflows.#e. [23:5] Ps 16:5.
6Indeed, goodness and mercy#Goodness and mercy: the blessings of God’s covenant with Israel. will pursue me
all the days of my life;
I will dwell in the house of the Lord#f. [23:6] Ps 27:4.
for endless days.
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