PSALM 20#The people pray for the king before battle. The people ask for divine help (Ps 20:2–6) and express confidence that such help will be given (Ps 20:7–10). A solemn assurance of divine help may well have been given between the two sections in the liturgy, something like the promises of Ps 12:6; 21:9–13. The final verse (Ps 20:10) echoes the opening verse.
Prayer for the King in Time of War
1For the leader. A psalm of David.
2The Lord answer you in time of distress;
the name of the God of Jacob defend you!
3May he send you help from the sanctuary,
from Zion be your support.#a. [20:3] Ps 128:5; 134:3.
4May he remember#Remember: God’s remembering implies readiness to act, cf. Gn 8:1; Ex 2:24. your every offering,
graciously accept your burnt offering,Selah
5Grant what is in your heart,
fulfill your every plan.
6May we shout for joy at your victory,#Victory: the Hebrew root is often translated “salvation,” “to save,” but in military contexts it can have the specific meaning of “victory.”
raise the banners in the name of our God.
The Lord grant your every petition!
7Now I know the Lord gives victory
to his anointed.#b. [20:7] Ps 18:51; 144:10; 1 Sm 2:10.
He will answer him from the holy heavens
with a strong arm that brings victory.
8Some rely on chariots, others on horses,
but we on the name of the Lord our God.#c. [20:8] Ps 147:10–11; 2 Chr 14:10; Prv 21:31; 1 Sm 17:45; Is 31:1; 36:9.
9They collapse and fall,
but we stand strong and firm.#d. [20:9] Is 40:30.
10Lord, grant victory to the king;
answer when we call upon you.
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