1Samaria#Samaria: the capital of the Northern Kingdom will fall; this is the punishment predicted for Ephraim, the Northern Kingdom. has become guilty,
for she has rebelled against her God.
They shall fall by the sword,
their infants shall be dashed to pieces,#a. [14:1] Ps 137:9.
their pregnant women shall be ripped open.#b. [14:1] Am 1:13.
Sincere Conversion and New Life
2Return, Israel, to the Lord, your God;
you have stumbled because of your iniquity.
3Take with you words,
and return to the Lord;
Say to him, “Forgive all iniquity,
and take what is good.
Let us offer the fruit of our lips.#c. [14:3] Heb 13:15.
4#These good intentions promise a reversal of Israel’s sins: no more reliance on “Assyria,” i.e., on foreign alliances (see notes on 8:9 and 12:2), on “horses,” i.e., on human power (10:13), and on idolatry (8:4–6; 13:2). Israel will trust in the Lord alone. Assyria will not save us,
nor will we mount horses;#d. [14:4] Is 31:1.
We will never again say, ‘Our god,’
to the work of our hands;
for in you the orphan finds compassion.”#e. [14:4] Lam 5:3.
5I will heal their apostasy,
I will love them freely;
for my anger is turned away from them.
6I will be like the dew for Israel:#f. [14:6] Is 26:19.
he will blossom like the lily;
He will strike root like the Lebanon cedar,
7and his shoots will go forth.#g. [14:7] Is 27:6.
His splendor will be like the olive tree
and his fragrance like Lebanon cedar.#h. [14:7] Sg 4:11.
8Again they will live in his shade;
they will raise grain,
They will blossom like the vine,
and his renown will be like the wine of Lebanon.
9Ephraim! What more have I to do with idols?#i. [14:9] 2 Cor 6:16.
I have humbled him, but I will take note of him.
I am like a verdant cypress tree.#Verdant cypress tree: the symbol of lasting life, the opposite of the sacred trees of the Baal cult (4:13). The Lord provides the “fruit” (peri) to Israel (2:7, 10), another instance of the wordplay on Ephraim (see notes on 9:16 and 13:15).
From me fruit will be found for you!
10#A challenge to the reader in the style of the wisdom literature. Who is wise enough to understand these things?#j. [14:10] Ps 107:43; Jer 9:11; Eccl 8:1.
Who is intelligent enough to know them?
Straight are the paths of the Lord,#k. [14:10] Dt 32:4.
the just walk in them,#l. [14:10] Dt 8:6; 11:22; Mi 6:8.
but sinners stumble in them.
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