I. THE REIGN OF SOLOMON
Solomon at Gibeon.
1Solomon, son of David, strengthened his hold on the kingdom, for the Lord, his God, was with him, making him ever greater. 2Solomon summoned all Israel, the commanders of thousands and of hundreds, the judges, the princes of all Israel, and the family heads; 3#a. [1:3–12] 1 Kgs 3:4–15; 1 Chr 21:29. and, accompanied by the whole assembly, Solomon went to the high place at Gibeon, because the tent of meeting of God, made in the wilderness by Moses, the Lord’s servant, was there. 4David had, however, brought up the ark of God from Kiriath-jearim to Jerusalem, where he had provided a place and pitched a tent for it; 5the bronze altar made by Bezalel, son of Uri, son of Hur, he put in front of the tabernacle of the Lord.#The bronze altar…the tabernacle of the LORD: by this notice, the Chronicler justifies Solomon’s worship at the high place of Gibeon. He pictures the tabernacle, i.e., the Mosaic meeting tent, and the bronze altar made at Moses’ command (Ex 31:1–9) as remaining at Gibeon after David had installed the ark of the covenant in another tent in Jerusalem (1 Chr 15:1, 25; 16:1). Bezalel’s altar was made of acacia wood plated with bronze (Ex 27:1–2). Later, Solomon made an all-bronze altar for the Temple in Jerusalem (2 Chr 4:1). There Solomon and the assembly sought out the Lord,#b. [1:5] Ex 27:1–2; 31:2; 1 Chr 2:20. 6and Solomon offered sacrifice in the Lord’s presence on the bronze altar at the tent of meeting; he sacrificed a thousand burnt offerings upon it.
7That night God appeared to Solomon and said to him: Whatever you ask, I will give you. 8Solomon answered God: “You have shown great favor to David my father, and you have made me king to succeed him. 9Now, Lord God, may your word to David my father be confirmed, for you have made me king over a people as numerous as the dust of the earth.#c. [1:9] Gn 13:16; 28:14. 10Give me, therefore, wisdom and knowledge to govern this people, for otherwise who could rule this vast people of yours?” 11God then replied to Solomon: Because this has been your wish—you did not ask for riches, treasures, and glory, or the life of those who hate you, or even for a long life for yourself, but you have asked for wisdom and knowledge in order to rule my people over whom I have made you king— 12wisdom and knowledge are given you. I will also give you riches, treasures, and glory, such as kings before you never had, nor will those who come after you.
13Solomon returned to Jerusalem from the high place at Gibeon, from before the tent of meeting, and became king over Israel. 14Solomon amassed chariots and horses: he had one thousand four hundred chariots and twelve thousand horses; these he allocated among the chariot cities and to the king’s service in Jerusalem.#d. [1:14] 2 Chr 9:25; 1 Kgs 10:26–29. 15The king made silver and gold as common in Jerusalem as stones, and cedars as numerous as the sycamores of the Shephelah.#e. [1:15] 1 Kgs 10:27. 16Solomon’s horses were imported from Egypt and Cilicia,#Egypt and Cilicia: it seems likely that the horses came from Cilicia and the chariots from Egypt. Some scholars find a reference to Musur, a mountain district north of Cilicia, rather than to Egypt (Misrayim) in 1 Kgs 10:28–29, the Chronicler’s source for this notice. The Chronicler himself probably understood the source to be speaking of Egypt; cf. 2 Chr 9:28. where the king’s agents purchased them at the prevailing price.#f. [1:16] 1 Kgs 10:28. 17A chariot imported from Egypt cost six hundred shekels of silver, a horse one hundred and fifty shekels; so they were exported to all the Hittite and Aramean kings.#g. [1:17] 1 Kgs 10:29.
Preparations for the Temple.
18Solomon gave orders for the building of a house for the name of the Lord and also a king’s house for himself.