The Lord's Case against Israel
1Listen to the Lord's case against Israel.
Arise, O Lord, and present your case; let the mountains and the hills hear what you say.
2You mountains, you everlasting foundations of the earth, listen to the Lord's case! The Lord has a case against his people. He is going to bring an accusation against Israel.
3The Lord says, “My people, what have I done to you? How have I been a burden to you? Answer me. 4#Ex 4.10–16Ex 12.50–51Ex 15.20I brought you out of Egypt; I rescued you from slavery; I sent Moses, Aaron, and Miriam to lead you. 5#Num 22.2—24.25Josh 3.1—4.19My people, remember what King Balak of Moab planned to do to you and how Balaam son of Beor answered him. Remember the things that happened on the way from the camp at Acacia to Gilgal. Remember these things and you will realize what I did in order to save you.”
What the Lord Requires
6What shall I bring to the Lord, the God of heaven, when I come to worship him? Shall I bring the best calves to burn as offerings to him? 7Will the Lord be pleased if I bring him thousands of sheep or endless streams of olive oil? Shall I offer him my firstborn child to pay for my sins? 8No, the Lord has told us what is good. What he requires of us is this: to do what is just, to show constant love, and to live in humble fellowship with our God.
9It is wise to fear the Lord. He calls to the city, “Listen, you people who assemble in the city!#6.9 Probable text who assemble in the city; Hebrew and who appointed it. Yet. 10In the houses of evil people are treasures which they got dishonestly. They use false measures, a thing that I hate.#6.10 Verse 10 in Hebrew is unclear. 11How can I forgive those who use false scales and weights? 12Your rich people exploit the poor, and all of you are liars. 13So I have already begun#6.13 Some ancient translations begun; Hebrew made ill. your ruin and destruction because of your sins. 14You will eat, but not be satisfied — in fact you will still be hungry. You will carry things off, but you will not be able to save them; anything you do save I will destroy in war. 15You will sow corn, but not harvest the crop. You will press oil from olives, but never be able to use it. You will make wine, but never drink it. 16#1 Kgs 16.23–341 Kgs 21.25–26This will happen because you have followed the evil practices of King Omri and of his son, King Ahab. You have continued their policies, and so I will bring you to ruin, and everyone will despise you. People#6.16 One ancient translation People; Hebrew My people. everywhere will treat you with contempt.”#6.16 People… contempt; or As my people you will everywhere be treated with contempt.