The Descendants of Judah
1-2Jacob#2.1,2 Jacob: See the note at 1.34. was the father of twelve sons: Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, Zebulun, Dan, Joseph, Benjamin, Naphtali, Gad, and Asher.
3Judah and his Canaanite wife Bathshua had three sons: Er, Onan, and Shelah. But the Lord had Er put to death, because he disobeyed and did what the Lord hated. 4Judah and his daughter-in-law Tamar also had two sons: Perez and Zerah.
5Perez was the father of Hezron and Hamul. 6Zerah was the father of Zimri, Ethan, Heman, Calcol, and Darda.#2.6 Darda: Most Hebrew manuscripts and two ancient translations (see also 1 Kings 4.30,31); some Hebrew manuscripts “Dara.” 7#Js 7.1 Achan,#2.7 Achan: The Hebrew text has “Achar,” which means “trouble.” who was a descendant of Zerah and the son of Carmi, caused trouble for Israel, because he kept for himself things that belonged only to the Lord.#2.7 Achan … the Lord: See Joshua 7.1-26. 8Ethan's son was Azariah.
The Ancestors of King David
9Hezron was the father of Jerahmeel, Ram, and Caleb.#2.9 Caleb: The Hebrew text has “Chelubai,” another form of the name. 10Ram was the father of Amminadab and the grandfather of Nahshon, a tribal leader of Judah. 11Nahshon's descendants included Salma, Boaz, 12Obed, and Jesse. 13-15Jesse had seven sons, who were born in the following order: Eliab, Abinadab, Shimea, Nethanel, Raddai, Ozem, and David. 16Jesse also had two daughters: Zeruiah and Abigail. Zeruiah was the mother of Abishai, Joab, and Asahel. 17Abigail's husband was Jether, who was a descendant of Ishmael, and their son was Amasa.
The Descendants of Hezron
18Hezron's son Caleb married Azubah, and their daughter was Jerioth,#2.18 married Azubah … Jerioth: One possible meaning for the difficult Hebrew text. the mother of Jesher, Shobab, and Ardon. 19After the death of Azubah, Caleb married Ephrath. Their son Hur 20was the father of Uri and the grandfather of Bezalel.
21When Hezron was 60 years old, he married the daughter of Machir, who settled the region of Gilead. Their son Segub 22was the father of Jair, who ruled 23 villages in the region of Gilead. 23Some time later the nations of Geshur and Aram captured 60 towns in that region, including the villages that belonged to Jair, as well as the town of Kenath and the nearby villages. Everyone from the region of Gilead was a descendant of Machir.
24After the death of Hezron, Caleb married Ephrath, his father's wife. Their son was Ashhur,#2.24 After the death of Hezron … Ashhur: Two ancient translations; Hebrew “After Hezron died in Caleb-Ephrathah, Abijah his wife gave birth to Ashhur.” who later settled the town of Tekoa.
The Descendants of Jerahmeel
25Jerahmeel, Hezron's oldest son, was the father of Ram, Bunah, Oren, Ozem, and Ahijah. 26Jerahmeel had a second wife, Atarah, who gave birth to Onam. 27Ram was the father of Maaz, Jamin, and Eker. 28Onam was the father of Shammai and Jada.
Shammai was the father of Nadab and Abishur. 29Abishur married Abihail, and their two sons were Ahban and Molid. 30Nadab was the father of Seled and Appaim. Seled had no children; 31Appaim's son was Ishi, the father of Sheshan and the grandfather of Ahlai.
32Jada was the father of Jether and Jonathan. Jether had no children, 33but Jonathan had two sons: Peleth and Zaza.
34-35Sheshan had no sons, and so he let one of his daughters marry Jarha, his Egyptian slave. Their son was Attai, 36the father of Nathan and the grandfather of Zabad. 37-41Zabad's descendants included Ephlal, Obed, Jehu, Azariah, Helez, Eleasah, Sismai, Shallum, Jekamiah, and Elishama.
The Descendants of Caleb
42Caleb, Jerahmeel's brother, had the following descendants: Mesha,#2.42 Mesha: Hebrew; one ancient translation “Mareshah.” Ziph, Mareshah,#2.42 following descendants … Mareshah: One possible meaning for the difficult Hebrew text. Hebron, 43and Hebron's four sons, Korah, Tappuah, Rekem, and Shema. 44Shema was the father of Raham and the grandfather of Jorkeam. Rekem was the father of Shammai, 45the grandfather of Maon, and the great-grandfather of Bethzur.
46Ephah was one of Caleb's wives,#2.46 wives: This translates a Hebrew word for women who were legally bound to a man, but without the full privileges of a wife. and their sons were Haran, Moza, and Gazez. Haran named his son after his brother Gazez. 47Ephah was the daughter of Jahdai, who was also the father of Regem, Jotham, Geshan, Pelet, and Shaaph.#2.47 Shaaph: One possible meaning for the difficult Hebrew text of verse 47.
48Maacah was another of Caleb's wives,#2.48 wives: See the note at 2.46. and their sons were Sheber and Tirhanah. 49Later, they had two more sons: Shaaph the father of Madmannah, and Sheva the father of Machbenah and Gibea. Caleb's daughter was Achsah. 50-51All of these were Caleb's descendants.
Hur, the oldest son of Caleb and Ephrath, had three sons: Shobal, Salma, and Hareph, who settled the town of Beth-Gader. 52Shobal, who settled the town of Kiriath-Jearim, was the ancestor of Haroeh, half of the Menuhoth clan, 53and the clans that lived near Kiriath-Jearim; they were the Ithrites, the Puthites, the Shumathites, and the Mishraites. The Zorathites and the Eshtaolites were descendants of the Mishraites.
54Salma settled the town of Bethlehem and was the ancestor of the Netophathites, the people of Atroth-Bethjoab, half of the Manahathite clan, and the Zorites. 55Salma was also the ancestor of the clans in Jabez that kept the court and government records; they were the Tirathites, the Shimeathites, and the Sucathites. These clans were the descendants of Hammath the Kenite, who was also the ancestor of the Rechabites.