Hagar and the Ishmaelites’ origins
1Sarai, Abram’s wife, had not been able to have children. Since she had an Egyptian servant named Hagar, 2Sarai said to Abram, "The Lord has kept me from giving birth, so go to my servant. Maybe she will provide me with children." Abram did just as Sarai said. 3After Abram had lived ten years in the land of Canaan, Abram’s wife Sarai took her Egyptian servant Hagar and gave her to her husband Abram as his wife. 4He slept with Hagar, and she became pregnant. But when she realized that she was pregnant, she no longer respected her mistress. 5Sarai said to Abram, "This harassment is your fault. I allowed you to embrace my servant, but when she realized she was pregnant, I lost her respect. Let the Lord decide who is right, you or me."
6Abram said to Sarai, "Since she’s your servant, do whatever you wish to her." So Sarai treated her harshly, and she ran away from Sarai.
7The Lord’s messenger found Hagar at a spring in the desert, the spring on the road to Shur, 8and said, "Hagar! Sarai’s servant! Where did you come from and where are you going?"
She said, "From Sarai my mistress. I’m running away."
9The Lord’s messenger said to her, "Go back to your mistress. Put up with her harsh treatment of you." 10The Lord’s messenger also said to her,
"I will give you many children,
so many they can’t be counted!"
11The Lord’s messenger said to her,
"You are now pregnant and will give birth to a son.
You will name him Ishmael#Or God hears
because the Lord has heard about your harsh treatment.
12He will be a wild mule of a man;
he will fight everyone, and they will fight him.
He will live at odds with all his relatives."#Or He will reside near all his relatives.
13Hagar named the Lord who spoke to her, "You are El Roi"#Or God who sees or God whom I’ve seen because she said, "Can I still see after he saw me?"#Heb uncertain; or Have I really seen God and survived? 14Therefore, that well is called Beer-lahai-roi;#Or the Well of the Living One who sees me or whom I’ve seen it’s the well between Kadesh and Bered. 15Hagar gave birth to a son for Abram, and Abram named him Ishmael. 16Abram was 86 years old when Hagar gave birth to Ishmael for Abram.