1My people, give ear to my Torah#In vv. 1-11 the words “teaching, words, witness, commands, covenant,” are used interchangeably, as parallels,almost synonymously. We find the same in Ps. 119., Incline your ears to the words of my mouth.
2I open my mouth in a parable; I utter riddles of old,
3Which we have heard and known, For our fathers have related them to us.
4We do not hide them from their children, Relating to the generation to come the praises of יהוה, And His strength and His wonders which He has done.
5For He raised a witness in Ya‛aqoḇ, And set a Torah in Yisra’ĕl, Which He commanded our fathers, To teach them to their children;
6That it might be known to a generation to come, To children who would be born, To rise up and relate them to their children,
7And place their trust in Elohim, And not forget the works of Ěl, But watch over His commands,
8And not be like their fathers, A stubborn and rebellious generation, A generation which did not prepare its heart, Whose spirit was not steadfast to Ěl.
9The children of Ephrayim, armed bowmen, Turned back in the day of battle.
10They did not guard the covenant of Elohim, And they refused to walk in His Torah,
11And they forgot His deeds And His wonders which He had shown them.
12He did wonders in the sight of their fathers, In the land of Mitsrayim, in the field of Tso‛an.
13He split the sea and caused them to pass through, And He made the waters stand up like a heap,
14And led them with the cloud by day, And all the night with a light of fire.
15He split the rocks in the wilderness, And made them drink, as from the great depths,
16And brought forth streams from the rock, And caused waters to come down as rivers.
17Yet they sinned still more against Him To rebel against the Most High in the desert.
18And they tried Ěl in their heart By asking food according to their desire.
19And they spoke against Elohim. They said, “Is Ěl able to set a table in the wilderness?
20“Look, He struck the rock, So that the waters gushed out, And the streams overflowed. Is He able to give bread also? Would He provide meat for His people?”
21Therefore יהוה heard, and He was wroth; So a fire was kindled against Ya‛aqoḇ, And displeasure also came up against Yisra’ĕl,
22Because they did not believe in Elohim, Neither did they trust in His deliverance.
23Yet He had commanded the clouds above, And opened the doors of the heavens,
24And He rained down manna on them to eat, And He gave them the grain of the heavens.
25Men ate bread of the mighty; He sent them provisions to satisfaction.
26He made an east wind blow in the heavens; And by His power He brought in the south wind.
27And He rained meat on them like the dust, And winged birds like the sand of the seas,
28And let them fall in the midst of His camp, All around His Dwelling Place.
29So they ate and were completely satisfied, For He brought them what they desired.
30They had not turned away from their desire, Their food was still in their mouths,
31When the wrath of Elohim came against them, And He slew among their fat ones, And He struck down the choice ones of Yisra’ĕl.
32In spite of all this they still sinned, And did not believe in His wonders.
33So He ended their days in a breath, And their years in trouble.
34When He slew them, then they sought Him, And they returned and did earnestly seek Ěl.
35And they remembered that Elohim was their rock, And the Most High Ěl their redeemer.
36But they flattered Him with their mouth, And they lied to Him with their tongue,
37For their heart was not steadfast with Him, And they were not true to His covenant.
38But He, the Compassionate One, Pardoned crookedness, And did not destroy them. And many a time He turned His displeasure away, And did not stir up all His wrath.
39For He remembered that they were but flesh, A passing breath that does not return.
40How often they rebelled against Him in the wilderness, And grieved Him in the desert!
41And again and again they tried Ěl, And provoked the Set-apart One of Yisra’ĕl.
42They did not remember His hand, The day when He redeemed them from the adversary,
43How He worked His signs in Mitsrayim, And His wonders in the field of Tso‛an.
44He turned their rivers into blood, And they could not drink their streams.
45He sent among them swarms of flies which devoured them, And frogs which destroyed them,
46And gave their crops to the caterpillar, And their labour to the locust.
47He destroyed their vines with hail, And their sycamore trees with frost,
48And gave their beasts over to the hail, And their livestock to bolts of fire.
49He sent on them the burning of His displeasure, Wrath, and rage, and distress, A deputation of messengers of evils.
50He made a path for His displeasure; He did not spare their being from death, But gave their life over to the plague.
51And He smote all the first-born in Mitsrayim, The first-fruits of strength in the tents of Ḥam,
52Then made His own people go forth like sheep, And led them in the wilderness like a flock.
53And He led them on safely, And they did not fear, But the sea covered their enemies.
54And He brought them to the border of His set-apart place, This mountain which His right hand had gained,
55And drove out nations before them, And allotted them a measured inheritance, And made the tribes of Yisra’ĕl dwell in their tents.
56Yet they tried and rebelled Against the Most High Elohim, And did not guard His witnesses,
57But they turned back And acted treacherously like their fathers; They twisted like a treacherous bow.
58For they enraged Him with their high places, And moved Him to jealousy with their carved images.
59When Elohim heard this, He was wroth, And greatly despised Yisra’ĕl,
60And He left the Dwelling Place of Shiloh, The Tent which He had set up among men.
61And He gave His strength#“Strength” and “comeliness” are used as symbolic names for His Ark. See also Ps. 63:2, Ps. 132:8, and 2 Chr. 6:41. into captivity, And His comeliness#“Strength” and “comeliness” are used as symbolic names for His Ark. See also Ps. 63:2, Ps. 132:8, and 2 Chr. 6:41. into the hand of the adversary.
62And He gave His people over to the sword, And He was wroth with His inheritance.
63His young men were consumed by fire, And His maidens were not praised.
64His priests fell by the sword, And their widows could not weep.
65Then יהוה awoke as one asleep, As a mighty man who shouts because of wine.
66And He smote His adversaries backward, He put them to an everlasting reproach.
67Then He rejected the tent of Yosĕph, And did not choose the tribe of Ephrayim,
68But chose the tribe of Yehuḏah, Mount Tsiyon, which He loved.
69And He built His set-apart place like the heights, Like the earth He founded it forever.
70And He chose Dawiḏ His servant, And took him from the sheepfolds;
71He brought him in from tending the ewes, To shepherd Ya‛aqoḇ His people, And Yisra’ĕl His inheritance.
72And he shepherded them According to the integrity of his heart, And led them by the skill of his hands.