Shabbat in the Grain Fields
1Now during Shabbat, Yeshua was passing through grain fields; and His disciples were picking and eating heads of grain, rubbing them in their hands. 2But some of the Pharisees said, “Why are you doing what is not permitted on Shabbat?”
3Then answering them, Yeshua said, “Haven’t you read what David did when he was hungry, and those with him? 4How he entered into the house of God, took and ate the showbread which only the kohanim are permitted to eat, and even gave it to those with him?”#6:3-4. cf. 1 Sam. 21:2-7(1-6). 5He said to them, “The Son of Man is Lord of Shabbat.”
at the Synagogue
6On a different Shabbat, Yeshua entered the synagogue and was teaching. A man was there, whose right hand was paralyzed. 7But closely watching Him were the Torah scholars and Pharisees, to see if He heals on Shabbat, so that they might find grounds to accuse Him. 8But He knew their opinions and said to the man with the paralyzed hand, “Get up and stand in our midst.” And getting up, the man stood.
9Yeshua said to them, “I ask you, is it permitted on Shabbat to do good or to do evil, to save or to destroy a life?” 10Then looking around at everyone, He said to the man, “Stretch out your hand.” The man did, and his hand was restored. 11But they were filled with fury and discussed among themselves what they might do to Yeshua.
Appointing the Twelve
12And it was during these days that Yeshua went out to the mountain to pray, and He spent all night in prayer to God. 13When day came, He called His disciples, choosing from among them twelve whom He also named shlichim—14Simon, whom He also named Peter, and Andrew his brother; and Jacob and John; and Philip and Bartholomew; 15and Matthew and Thomas; Jacob the son of Alphaeus; Simon who was called the Zealot; 16Judah the son of Jacob; and Judah from Kriot, who became a traitor.
The Sermon on the Plain
17Then Yeshua came down with them and stood on a level place. A large crowd of His disciples and a multitude of people, from all Judea, Jerusalem, and the coastal region of Tyre and Sidon, 18had come to hear Him and to be healed of their diseases. Even those disturbed by defiling spirits were being healed. 19Everyone in the crowd was trying to touch Him, because power flowed from Him and He was healing them all.
20And looking up at His disciples, He said,
“Blessed are you who are poor, for yours is the kingdom of God.
21Blessed are you who hunger now, for you shall be satisfied.
Blessed are you who weep now, for you shall laugh.
22Blessed are you when people hate you, and when they exclude you, and revile you,
and spurn your name as evil on account of the Son of Man.
23Rejoice in that day and jump for joy! For behold, your reward is great in heaven! For their fathers used to treat the prophets the same way.”#6:23. cf. Neh. 9:26.
24But woe to you who are rich,
for you are receiving your comfort in full.
25Woe to you who are full, for you shall be hungry.
Woe to you who are laughing now, for you shall mourn and weep.
26Woe to you when all men speak well of you,
for their fathers used to treat the false prophets the same way.”#6:26. cf. Jer. 5:11-13.
27“But I say to you who are listening: Love your enemies, do good to those who hate you, 28bless those who curse you, pray for the ones who mistreat you. 29To the one who strikes you on the cheek, offer the other also. And from the one who takes your cloak, do not hold back your shirt. 30Give to every one who asks you; and whoever takes something of yours, make no demands upon him.
31“Do to others as you would have them do to you. 32If you love those who love you, what credit is that to you? For even sinners love those who love them. 33And if you do good to those who are doing good to you, what credit is that to you? Even sinners do this. 34And if you lend to those from whom you expect to take, what credit is that to you? Even sinners lend to sinners in order to receive back the same.
35“But love your enemies, and do good, and lend, expecting nothing in return.#6:35. cf. Prov. 19:17. Then your reward will be great and you will be sons of Elyon, for He is kind to the ungrateful and evil ones. 36Be compassionate, just as your Father is compassionate to you.”
37Do not judge, and you will not be judged. Do not condemn, and you will not be condemned. Pardon, and you will be pardoned. 38Give, and it will be given to you—a good measure, pressed down, shaken together, overflowing, will be given into your lap. For whatever measure you measure out will be measured back to you.”
39He also spoke this parable to them: “The blind cannot show the way to the blind, can he? Won’t they both fall into a pit? 40A disciple is not above his teacher, but everyone who is fully trained will be like his teacher.
41“Why do you look at the speck in your brother’s eye, but do not notice the beam in your own eye? 42How can you say to your brother, ‘Brother, let me take out the speck in your eye,’ when you yourself do not see the beam in your own eye? You hypocrite! First take the beam out of your own eye, and then you will see clearly the speck in your brother’s eye, to take it out.”
43“For there is no good tree that produces rotten fruit, nor again does a rotten tree produce good fruit. 44Each tree comes to be known by its own fruit. For figs are not gleaned out of briars; neither are bunches of grapes gathered from thorn bushes.
45“Out of the good treasure of his heart the good man brings forth good, and out of evil the evil man brings forth evil. For from the overflow of the heart his mouth speaks.”
46“Why do you call Me ‘Master, Master’ and do not do what I say? 47Everyone who comes to Me and hears My words and does them, I will show you what he is like. 48He is like a man building a house, who dug deep and laid a foundation on the rock. And when a flood came, the torrent burst against that house but could not shake it, because it had been well built.
49“But the one who hears yet does not do is like a man who built a house upon land without a foundation. When the torrent burst against it, immediately it collapsed—and the destruction of that house was great!”
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