Bound and Sentenced
1Then Pilate took Yeshua and had Him scourged. 2The soldiers twisted together a crown of thorns and put it on His head, and dressed Him in a purple robe. 3They kept coming up to Him, saying, “Hail, King of the Jews!” and slapping Him over and over.
4Pilate came out again. He said to them, “Look, I’m bringing Him out to you, to let you know that I find no case against Him.” 5So Yeshua came out, wearing the crown of thorns and the purple robe. “Behold, the Man!” Pilate said to them.
6When the ruling kohanim and officers saw Him, they yelled out, “Execute Him! Execute Him!”#19:6. Lit. crucify or crucified in 19:6, 10, 15, 16, 18, 20, 23, 32, 41; a Roman method of execution.
Pilate said to them, “Take Him yourselves and execute Him! For I don’t find a case against Him.”
7The Judean leaders answered him, “We have a law,#19:7. cf. Lev. 24:16 and according to the Torah He must die, because He claimed to be Ben-Elohim!”
8When Pilate heard this word, he became even more fearful. 9He went into the Praetorium again and said to Yeshua, “Where are You from?” But Yeshua gave him no answer. 10So Pilate said to Him, “You aren’t speaking to me? Don’t You know that I have the authority to release You, and I have the authority to crucify You?”
11Yeshua answered, “You would have no authority over Me if it hadn’t been given to you from above. For this reason, the one who handed Me over to you has the greater sin.”
12Pilate tried to let Him go after this; but the Judean leaders cried out, saying, “If you release this Man, you are no friend of Caesar. Everyone who makes himself a king opposes Caesar!”
13So when Pilate heard these words, he brought Yeshua out and sat down on the judge’s seat at a place called the Stone Pavement (but in Aramaic,#19:13. Lit. in Hebrew. Gabbatha). 14It was the Day of Preparation for Passover, about the sixth hour.#19:14. i.e. noon. And Pilate said to the Judean leaders, “Behold, your king!”
15They shouted back, “Take Him away! Take Him away! Execute Him!”
Pilate said to them, “Should I execute your king?”
The ruling kohanim answered, “We have no king but Caesar!”
16Finally, Pilate handed Yeshua over to be crucified.
A Sacrificial Death
17Then they took Yeshua. He went out, carrying His own crossbar, to the Place of a Skull, which in Aramaic#19:17. Lit. in Hebrew. is called Golgotha. 18There they crucified Him, and with Him two others, one on each side and Yeshua in between.
19Pilate also wrote a sign and put it on the execution stake. It was written, “YESHUA HA-NATZRATI, THE KING OF THE JEWS.” 20Many Judeans read this sign, because the place where Yeshua was executed was near the city; it was written in Hebrew, Latin, and Greek.
21The ruling kohanim of the Judeans were saying to Pilate, “Don’t write, ‘The King of the Jews,’ but that He said, ‘I am King of the Jews.’”
22“What I have written, I have written,” Pilate answered.
23So the soldiers, when they executed Yeshua, took His outer garments and made four parts, a part for each soldier. They took His tunic also, but it was seamless, woven top to bottom in one piece. 24So they said to one another, “Let’s not tear it, but cast lots for it to see whose it will be.” This was so the Scripture would be fulfilled,
“They divided My garments among them,
and for My clothing they cast lots.”#19:24. Ps. 22:19(18).
So the soldiers did these things.
25Standing near the execution stake of Yeshua were His mother, His mother’s sister, Miriam the wife of Clopas, and Miriam from Magdala. 26Yeshua saw His mother and the disciple whom He loved standing nearby. He tells His mother, “Woman, behold, your son!” 27Then He tells the disciple, “Behold, your mother!” From that very hour, the disciple took her into his own home.
28After this, when Yeshua knew that all things were now completed, to fulfill the Scripture He said, “I am thirsty.”#19:28. cf. Ps. 69:21. 29A jar full of sour wine was sitting there, so they put a sponge soaked with the sour wine on a hyssop branch and brought it to His mouth. 30When Yeshua tasted the sour wine, He said, “It is finished!” And He bowed His head and gave up His spirit.
31It was the Day of Preparation, and the next day was a festival Shabbat. So that the bodies should not remain on the execution stake during Shabbat, the Judean leaders asked Pilate to have the legs broken and to have the bodies taken away.
32So the soldiers came and broke the legs of the first and then the other who had been executed with Yeshua. 33Now when they came to Yeshua and saw that He was already dead, they did not break His legs. 34But one of the soldiers pierced His side with a spear, and immediately blood and water came out. 35He who has seen it has testified, and his testimony is true. He knows that he is telling the truth, so that you also may believe. 36These things happened so that the Scripture would be fulfilled, “Not a bone of His shall be broken.”#19:36. cf. Ex. 12:46; Num. 9:12; Ps. 34:21(20). 37And again another Scripture says, “They shall look on Him whom they have pierced.”#19:37. Zech. 12:10.
Buried in a Rich Man’s Tomb
38After these things, Joseph of Arimathea asked Pilate if he could take Yeshua’s body away. Joseph was a disciple of Yeshua, but secretly for fear of the Judean leaders. Pilate gave permission, so Joseph came and took the body away. 39Nicodemus, who had first visited Yeshua at night, also came bringing a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about a hundred pounds.#19:39. Roman pound=12 oz; 100 Roman pounds=75 pounds. 40Then they took the body of Yeshua and wrapped it in linen with the spices, as is the Jewish burial custom.
41Now in the place where He was executed, there was a garden. In the garden was a new tomb#19:41. cf. Is. 53:9. where no one had yet been buried. 42Because it was the Jewish Day of Preparation and the tomb was nearby, they laid Yeshua there.
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