The Ten Commandments
1God spoke, and these were his words: 2“I am the Lord your God who brought you out of Egypt, where you were slaves.
3“Worship no god but me.
4 # Ex 34.17Lev 19.4Lev 26.1Deut 4.15–18Deut 27.15 “Do not make for yourselves images of anything in heaven or on earth or in the water under the earth. 5#Ex 34.6–7Num 14.18Deut 7.9–10Do not bow down to any idol or worship it, because I am the Lord your God and I tolerate no rivals. I bring punishment on those who hate me and on their descendants down to the third and fourth generation. 6But I show my love to thousands of generations#20.6 thousands of generations; or thousands. of those who love me and obey my laws.
7 # Lev 19.12 “Do not use my name for evil purposes, for I, the Lord your God, will punish anyone who misuses my name.
8 # Ex 16.23–30Ex 31.12–14 “Observe the Sabbath and keep it holy. 9#Ex 23.12Ex 31.15Ex 34.21Ex 35.2Lev 23.3You have six days in which to do your work, 10but the seventh day is a day of rest dedicated to me. On that day no one is to work — neither you, your children, your slaves, your animals, nor the foreigners who live in your country. 11#Gen 2.1–3Ex 31.17In six days I, the Lord, made the earth, the sky, the sea, and everything in them, but on the seventh day I rested. That is why I, the Lord, blessed the Sabbath and made it holy.
12 # Deut 27.16Mt 15.4Mt 19.19Mk 7.10Mk 10.19Lk 18.20Eph 6.23 “Respect your father and your mother, so that you may live a long time in the land that I am giving you.
13 # Gen 9.6Lev 24.17Mt 5.21Mt 19.18Mk 10.19Lk 18.20Rom 13.9Jas 2.11 “Do not commit murder.
14 # Lev 20.10Mt 5.27Mt 19.18Mk 10.19Lk 18.20Rom 13.9Jas 2.11 “Do not commit adultery.
15 # Lev 19.11Mt 19.18Mk 10.19Lk 18.20Rom 13.9 “Do not steal.
16 # Ex 23.1Mt 19.18Mk 10.19Lk 18.20 “Do not accuse anyone falsely.
17 # Rom 7.7Rom 13.9 “Do not desire another man's house; do not desire his wife, his slaves, his cattle, his donkeys, or anything else that he owns.”
The People's Fear
18 # Heb 12.18–19 When the people heard the thunder and the trumpet blast and saw the lightning and the smoking mountain, they trembled with fear and stood a long way off. 19They said to Moses, “If you speak to us, we will listen; but we are afraid that if God speaks to us, we will die.”
20Moses replied, “Don't be afraid; God has only come to test you and make you keep on obeying him, so that you will not sin.” 21But the people continued to stand a long way off, and only Moses went near the dark cloud where God was.
Laws about Altars
22The Lord commanded Moses to say to the Israelites: “You have seen how I, the Lord, have spoken to you from heaven. 23Do not make for yourselves gods of silver or gold to be worshipped in addition to me. 24Make an altar of earth for me, and on it sacrifice your sheep and your cattle as offerings to be completely burnt and as fellowship offerings. In every place that I set aside for you to worship me, I will come to you and bless you. 25#Deut 27.5–7Josh 8.31If you make an altar of stone for me, do not build it out of cut stones, because when you use a chisel on stones, you make them unfit for my use. 26Do not build an altar for me with steps leading up to it; if you do, you will expose yourselves as you go up the steps.