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Crimes of the nations will be punished
1 # 2 King 15.1–72 Chron 26.1–23 2 King 14.23–29 I am Amos. And I raised sheep near the town of Tekoa#1.1 Tekoa: In the hill country of Judah about eight kilometres south of Bethlehem. when Uzziah was king of Judah and Jeroboam#1.1 Uzziah … Jeroboam: Uzziah was king of Judah 781–740 bc, and Jeroboam II was king of Israel 783–743 bc. son of Jehoash#1.1 Jehoash: The Hebrew text has “Joash”, another spelling of the name. was king of Israel.
Two years before the earthquake,#1.1 Two years … earthquake: Possibly the earthquake of 760 bc, which seems to have been especially violent. the Lord gave me several messages#1.1 messages: Or “visions”. about Israel, 2#Joel 3.16and I said:
When the Lord roars
from Jerusalem,
pasture lands and Mount Carmel
dry up and turn brown.
Judgment on Syria
3 # Isa 17.1–3Jer 49.23–27Zech 9.1 The Lord said:
I will punish Syria#1.3 Syria: The Hebrew text has “Damascus”, the leading city of Syria.
for countless crimes,
and I won't change my mind.
They dragged logs with spikes#1.3 logs with spikes: These were dragged over grain to thresh it.
over the people of Gilead.
4Now I will burn down the palaces
and fortresses of King Hazael
and of King Benhadad.#1.4 Hazael … Benhadad: Two Syrian kings.
5I will break through
the gates of Damascus.
I will destroy the people#1.5 people: Or “king”.
of Wicked Valley#1.5 Wicked Valley: The Hebrew text has “Aven Valley”, probably the fertile valley between the Lebanon and the anti-Lebanon mountains.
and the ruler of Beth-Eden.#1.5 I will … Beth-Eden: Or “I will destroy the people of Wicked Valley and the king who rules from Beth-Eden.” Beth-Eden was a city-state on the banks of the River Euphrates.
Then the Syrians will be dragged
as prisoners to Kir.#1.5 Kir: The exact location of this country is not known; in 9.7 Amos refers to Kir as the original home of the Syrians, and so the verse probably means that the Syrians will lose everything they have gained as a people.
I, the Lord, have spoken!
Judgment on Philistia
6 # Isa 14.29–31Jer 47.1–7Ezek 25.15–17Joel 3.4–8Zeph 2.4–7Zech 9.5–7 The Lord said:
I will punish Philistia#1.6 Philistia: The Hebrew text has “Gaza”, one of the main Philistine cities.
for countless crimes,
and I won't change my mind.
They dragged off my people#1.6 my people: The people of Israel.
from town after town
to sell them as slaves
to the Edomites.
7That's why I will burn down
the walls and fortresses
of the city of Gaza.
8I will destroy the king#1.8 king: Or “people”. of Ashdod
and the ruler of Ashkelon.
I will strike down Ekron,#1.8 Ashdod … Ashkelon … Ekron: Philistine cities.
and that will be the end
of the Philistines.
I, the Lord, have spoken!
Judgment on Phoenicia
9 # Isa 23.1–18Ezek 26.1—28.19Joel 3.4–8Zech 9.1–4Matt 11.2122Luke 10.1314 The Lord said:
I will punish Phoenicia#1.9 Phoenicia: The Hebrew text has “Tyre”, which was one of the two Phoenician cities; the other was Sidon, which is not mentioned by Amos.
for countless crimes,
and I won't change my mind.
They broke their treaty
and dragged off my people#1.9 my people: See the note at 1.6.
from town after town
to sell them as slaves
to the Edomites.
10That's why I will send flames
to burn down the city of Tyre
along with its fortresses.
Judgment on Edom
11 # Isa 34.5–17Isa 63.1–6Jer 49.7–22Ezek 25.12–14Ezek 35.1–15Obad 1.1–14Mal 1.2–5 The Lord said:
I will punish Edom
for countless crimes,
and I won't change my mind.
They killed their own relatives#1.11 their own relatives: The Edomites were descendants of Esau, the brother of Jacob, the ancestor of the Israelites.
and were so terribly furious
that they showed no mercy.
12Now I will send fire to wipe out
the fortresses of Teman
and Bozrah.#1.12 Teman and Bozrah: These stand for all of Edom; Teman may have been a city or a district. Bozrah, the chief city of northern Edom, was forty-eight kilometres south-east of the Dead Sea.
Judgment on Ammon
13 # Jer 49.1–6Ezek 21.28–32Ezek 25.1–7Zeph 2.8–11 The Lord said:
I will punish Ammon
for countless crimes,
and I won't change my mind.
In Gilead they ripped open
pregnant women,
just to take the land.
14Now I will send fire to destroy
the walls and fortresses
of Rabbah.#1.14 Rabbah: The capital city of Ammon.
Enemies will shout and attack
like a whirlwind.
15Ammon's king and leaders
will be dragged away.
I, the Lord, have spoken!
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