1AND it came to pass, after that Alexander the Macedonian, the son of Philip, who came out of the land of Chittim, and struck Darius king of the Persians and Medes, it came to pass, after he had struck him, that he reigned in his stead, in former time, over #That is, the Greek Empire. Compare 1 Maccabees 1:10 and 1 Maccabees 6:2. Greece. 2And he fought many battles, and won many strongholds, and killed the kings of the earth, 3and went through to the ends of the earth, and took spoils of a multitude of nations. And the earth was quiet before him, and he was exalted, and his heart was lifted up, 4and he gathered together an exceeding strong host, and ruled over countries and nations and principalities, and they became tributary to him. 5And after these things he fell sick, and perceived that he should die. 6And he called his servants, which were honorable, which had been brought up with him from his youth, and he divided to them his kingdom, while he was yet alive. 7And Alexander reigned twelve years, and he died. 8And his servants bare rule, each one in his place. 9And they did all put diadems upon themselves after that he was dead, and so did their sons after them many years: and they multiplied evils in the earth.
10And there came forth out of them a sinful root, Antiochus Epiphanes, son of Antiochus the king, who had been a hostage at Rome, and he reigned in #circa B.C 176. the hundred and thirty and seventh year of the kingdom of the Greeks.
11In those days came there forth out of Israel transgressors of the law, and persuaded many, saying, let us go and make a covenant with the #Or, nations: and so throughout this book. Gentiles that are round about us; for since we were parted from them many evils have befallen us. 12And the saying was good in their eyes. 13And certain of the people were forward herein and went to the king, and he gave them licence to do after the ordinances of the #Or, nations: and so throughout this book. Gentiles. 14And #See 2 Maccabees 4:9, 12. they built a place of exercise in Jerusalem according to the laws of the #Or, nations: and so throughout this book. Gentiles; 15and they made themselves uncircumcised, and forsook the holy covenant, and joined themselves to the #Or, nations: and so throughout this book Gentiles, and sold themselves to do evil.
16And the kingdom was well ordered in the sight of Antiochus, and he thought to reign over Egypt, that he might reign over the two kingdoms. 17And he entered into Egypt with a #Gr. heavy. great multitude, with chariots, and with elephants, and with horsemen, and with a great #Or, armament navy; 18and he made war against Ptolemy king of Egypt; and Ptolemy was put to shame before him, and fled; and many fell wounded to death. 19And they got possession of the strong cities in the land of Egypt; and he took the spoils of Egypt.
20And Antiochus, after that he had struck Egypt, returned in #circa B.C 170. See 2 Maccabees 5:11-16. the hundred and forty and third year, and went up against Israel and Jerusalem with a #Gr. heavy. great multitude, 21and entered presumptuously into the sanctuary, and took the golden altar, and the candlestick of the light, and all that pertained thereto, 22and the table of the show bread, and the cups to pour withal, and the bowls, and the golden censers, and the veil, and the crowns, and the adorning of gold which was on the face of the temple, and he scaled it all off. 23And he took the silver and the gold and the precious vessels; and he took the hidden treasures which he found. 24And when he had taken all, he went away into his own land, and he made a great slaughter, and spoke very presumptuously. 25And there came great mourning upon Israel, in every place where they were; 26and the rulers and elders groaned, the virgins and young men were made feeble, and the beauty of the women was changed. 27Every bridegroom took up lamentation, she that sat in the marriage chamber was in heaviness. 28And the land was moved for the inhabitants thereof, and all the house of Jacob was clothed with shame.
29And #See 2 Maccabees 5:24. after #Gr. two years of days. two full years the king sent a chief collector of tribute to the cities of Judah, and he came to Jerusalem with a #Gr. heavy. great multitude. 30And he spoke words of peace to them in subtilty, and they gave him credence: and he fell upon the city suddenly, and struck it very sore, and destroyed much people out of Israel. 31And he took the spoils of the city, and set it on fire, and pulled down the houses thereof and the walls thereof on every side. 32And they led captive the women and the children, and the cattle they took in possession. 33And they builded the city of David with a great and strong wall, with strong towers, and it became to them a citadel. 34And they put there a sinful nation, transgressors of the law, and they strengthened themselves therein. 35And they stored up arms and food, and gathering together the spoils of Jerusalem, they laid them up there, and they became a sore snare: 36and it became a place to lie in wait in against the sanctuary, and an evil adversary to Israel continually. 37And they shed innocent blood on every side of the sanctuary, and defiled the sanctuary. 38And the inhabitants of Jerusalem fled because of them; and she became a habitation of strangers, and she became strange to them that were born in her, and her children forsook her. 39Her sanctuary was laid waste like a wilderness, #See 2 Maccabees 6:6. her feasts were turned into mourning, her Sabbaths into reproach, her honor into contempt. 40According to her glory, so was her dishonor multiplied, and her high estate was turned into mourning.
41And king Antiochus wrote to his whole kingdom, that all should be one people, 42and that each should forsake his own laws. And all the nations agreed according to the word of the king; 43and many of Israel consented to his worship, and sacrificed to the idols, and profaned the Sabbath. 44And the king sent letters by the hand of messengers to Jerusalem and the cities of Judah, that they should follow laws strange to the land, 45and should forbid whole burnt offerings and sacrifice and drink offerings in the sanctuary; and should profane the Sabbaths and feasts, 46and pollute the sanctuary and them that were holy; 47that they should build altars, and temples, and shrines for idols, and should sacrifice swine’s flesh and unclean beasts: 48and that they should leave their sons uncircumcised, that they should make their souls abominable with all manner of uncleanness and profanation; 49so that they might forget the law, and change all the ordinances. 50And whoever shall not do according to the word of the king, he shall die. 51According to all these words wrote he to his whole kingdom; and he appointed overseers over all the people, and he commanded the cities of Judah to sacrifice, city by city. 52And from the people were gathered together to them many, every one that had forsaken the law; and they did evil things in the land; 53and they made israel to hide themselves in every place of refuge which they had.
54And on the fifteenth day of Chislev, in #circa B.C 168. See 2 Maccabees 5:11. the hundred and forty and fifth year, they builded an abomination of desolation upon the #The two words rendered altar are different in the Greek: and so in 1 Maccabees 1:59. altar, and in the cities of Judah on every side they builded idol #The two words rendered altar are different in the Greek: and so in 1 Maccabees 1:59. altars. 55And at the doors of the houses and in the streets they burned incense. 56And they tore in pieces the books of the law which they found, and set them on fire. 57And wherever was found with any a book of the covenant, and if any consented to the law, the king’s sentence delivered him to death. 58Thus did they in their might to Israel, to those that were found month by month in the cities. 59And on the five and twentieth day of the month they sacrificed upon the idol #The two words rendered altar are different in the Greek: and so in 1 Maccabees 1:59. altar of God. 60And #See 2 Maccabees 6:10. the women that had circumcised their children they put to death according to the commandment. 61And they hanged their babes about their necks, and destroyed their houses, and them that had circumcised them. 62And many in Israel were fully resolved and confirmed in themselves not to eat unclean things. 63And #See 2 Maccabees 6:19 and 7:1, etc. they chose to die, that they might not be defiled with the meats, and that they might not profane the holy covenant: and they died. 64And there came exceeding great wrath uponn Israel.