The Tribes Settling in Gilead
1#Nu 21:32; 32:3Now the children of Reuben and the children of Gad had a very great number of livestock, and when they saw the land of Jazer and the land of Gilead was a place for livestock, 2the children of Gad and the children of Reuben came and spoke to Moses, and to Eleazar the priest, and to the leaders of the assembly, saying, 3#Nu 32:34–38; Jos 13:17“Ataroth, and Dibon, and Jazer, and Nimrah, and Heshbon, and Elealeh, and Sebam, and Nebo, and Beon, 4#Nu 21:34; 21:24the land which the Lord defeated before the assembly of Israel is a land for livestock, and your servants have livestock.” 5And they said, “If we have found mercy in your sight, let this land be given to your servants for a possession, and do not take us over the Jordan.”
6Moses said to the children of Gad and to the children of Reuben, “Will your brothers go to war, and you will dwell here? 7And why would you discourage the hearts of the children of Israel from going over into the land which the Lord has given to them? 8Thus your fathers did, when I sent them from Kadesh Barnea to see the land. 9When they went up to the Valley of Eshkol and saw the land, they discouraged the hearts of the children of Israel so they would not go into the land which the Lord had given them. 10#Nu 14:11And the anger of the Lord was inflamed on that day, and He swore, saying, 11#Nu 14:28–30‘Surely none of the men who came up out of Egypt, from twenty years old and older, will see the ground which I swore to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, because they did not completely follow Me, 12#Dt 1:36; Nu 14:24except Caleb the son of Jephunneh the Kenizzite, and Joshua the son of Nun, because they completely followed the Lord.’ 13#Nu 14:33–35The anger of the Lord was inflamed against Israel, and He made them wander in the wilderness forty years, until all the generation that did evil in the eyes of the Lord was finished.
14“Behold, you have risen up in your fathers’ place, an increase of sinful men, to increase more the burning anger of the Lord toward Israel. 15#2Ch 15:2If you turn away from following Him, He will again abandon them in the wilderness, and you will destroy all this people.”
16They approached him and said, “We will build sheepfolds here for our livestock and cities for our children. 17#Jos 4:12–13But we ourselves will be armed, ready before the children of Israel, until we have brought them to their place. Our little ones will dwell in the fortified cities because of the inhabitants of the land. 18We will not return to our houses until all the children of Israel have inherited their inheritance. 19#Jos 13:8We will not inherit with them on the other side of the Jordan or beyond, because our inheritance fell to us on this side of the Jordan to the east.”
20#Jos 4:12–13Moses said to them, “If you will do this thing, if you will be armed before the Lord for war, 21and all of you, each armed, will go over the Jordan before the Lord until He has driven out His enemies from before Him 22#Jos 22:9; Dt 3:20and the land is subdued before the Lord, then after that you will return and be exempt before the Lord and before Israel, and this land will be your possession before the Lord.
23#Ge 44:16; Isa 59:12“But if you will not do so, you have sinned against the Lord, and be sure your sin will find you out. 24#Nu 32:16Build for yourselves cities for your children and folds for your sheep, and do that which has proceeded out of your mouth.”
25The children of Gad and the children of Reuben spoke to Moses, saying, “Your servants will do as my lord commands. 26#Jos 1:14Our children, our wives, our flocks, and all our livestock will be there in the cities of Gilead, 27#Jos 4:12but your servants will cross over, each man armed for war, before the Lord to battle, as my lord says.”
28#Jos 1:13So Moses commanded Eleazar the priest, and Joshua the son of Nun, and the chief fathers of the tribes of the children of Israel. 29And Moses said to them, “If the children of Gad and the children of Reuben will cross over the Jordan with you, each man armed for battle before the Lord, and the land will be subdued before you, you are to give them the land of Gilead as a possession. 30But if they do not cross over with you armed, they will have possessions among you in the land of Canaan.”
31The children of Gad and the children of Reuben answered, saying, “As the Lord has said to your servants, so we will do. 32We will cross over, armed before the Lord into the land of Canaan, so the possession of our inheritance on this side of the Jordan may be ours.”
33#Jos 12:6; Dt 3:12–17Moses gave to the children of Gad, to the children of Reuben, and to half the tribe of Manasseh the son of Joseph, the kingdom of Sihon king of the Amorites and the kingdom of Og king of Bashan, the land with the cities within the borders, the cities of the surrounding land.
34#Dt 2:36; Nu 32:3The children of Gad built Dibon and Ataroth and Aroer, 35#Nu 32:1; 32:3Atroth Shophan and Jazer and Jogbehah, 36#Nu 32:3Beth Nimrah and Beth Haran, fortified cities, and folds for sheep. 37#Nu 21:27; 32:3And the children of Reuben built Heshbon and Elealeh and Kiriathaim, 38#Nu 32:3; Isa 46:1Nebo and Baal Meon (their names being changed) and Sibmah; and they named the other cities which they built.
39#Ge 50:23The children of Makir the son of Manasseh went to Gilead and captured it and drove out the Amorites who were in it. 40#Jos 17:1Moses gave Gilead to Makir the son of Manasseh, and he lived in it. 41#Dt 3:14; Jdg 10:4Jair the son of Manasseh went and captured its small towns and called them Havvoth Jair. 42Nobah went and captured Kenath and its villages and called it Nobah, after his own name.