13When Jesus came to the region of Caesarea Philippi, he asked his disciples, “Who do people say that the Son of Man is?”#16:13 “Son of Man” is a title Jesus used for himself. 14“Well,” they replied, “some say John the Baptist, some say Elijah, and others say Jeremiah or one of the other prophets.” 15Then he asked them, “But who do you say I am?” 16Simon Peter answered, “You are the Messiah,#16:16 Or the Christ. Messiah (a Hebrew term) and Christ (a Greek term) both mean “anointed one.” the Son of the living God.” 17Jesus replied, “You are blessed, Simon son of John,#16:17 Greek Simon bar-Jonah; see John 1:42; 21:15-17. because my Father in heaven has revealed this to you. You did not learn this from any human being. 18Now I say to you that you are Peter (which means ‘rock’),#16:18a Greek that you are Peter. and upon this rock I will build my church, and all the powers of hell#16:18b Greek and the gates of Hades. will not conquer it. 19And I will give you the keys of the Kingdom of Heaven. Whatever you forbid#16:19a Or bind, or lock. on earth will be forbidden in heaven, and whatever you permit#16:19b Or loose, or open. on earth will be permitted in heaven.” 20Then he sternly warned the disciples not to tell anyone that he was the Messiah.