Obedience Better than Fasting
1Now in the fourth year of King Darius it came to pass that the word of the Lord came to Zechariah, on the fourth day of the ninth month, Chislev, 2when the people sent Sherezer, with Regem-Melech and his men, to the house of God, to pray before the Lord, 3and to #Deut. 17:9; Mal. 2:7ask the priests who were in the house of the Lord of hosts, and the prophets, saying, “Should I weep in #Zech. 8:19the fifth month and fast as I have done for so many years?”
4Then the word of the Lord of hosts came to me, saying, 5“Say to all the people of the land, and to the priests: ‘When you #(Is. 58:1–9)fasted and mourned in the fifth #Jer. 41:1and seventh months #Zech. 1:12during those seventy years, did you really fast #(Rom. 14:6)for Me—for Me? 6#Deut. 12:7; 14:26; 1 Chr. 29:22When you eat and when you drink, do you not eat and drink for yourselves? 7Should you not have obeyed the words which the Lord proclaimed through the #Is. 1:16–20; Jer. 7:5, 23; Zech. 1:4former prophets when Jerusalem and the cities around it were inhabited and prosperous, and #Jer. 17:26the South and the Lowland were inhabited?’ ”
Disobedience Resulted in Captivity
8Then the word of the Lord came to Zechariah, saying, 9“Thus says the Lord of hosts:
#Is. 58:6, 7; Jer. 7:28‘Execute true justice,
Show mercy and compassion
Everyone to his brother.
10#Ex. 22:22; Ps. 72:4; Is. 1:17; Jer. 5:28Do not oppress the widow or the fatherless,
The alien or the poor.
#Ps. 36:4; Ezek. 38:10; 45:9; Mic. 2:1; Zech. 8:16, 17Let none of you plan evil in his heart
Against his brother.’
11“But they refused to heed, #Neh. 9:29shrugged their shoulders, and #Jer. 17:23; Acts 7:57stopped their ears so that they could not hear. 12Yes, they made their #Ezek. 11:19hearts like flint, #Neh. 9:29, 30refusing to hear the law and the words which the Lord of hosts had sent by His Spirit through the former prophets. #2 Chr. 36:16; Dan. 9:11, 12Thus great wrath came from the Lord of hosts. 13Therefore it happened, that just as He proclaimed and they would not hear, so #Prov. 1:24–28; Is. 1:15; Jer. 11:11; Mic. 3:4they called out and I would not listen,” says the Lord of hosts. 14“But #Lev. 26:33; Deut. 4:27; 28:64; Neh. 1:8I scattered them with a whirlwind among all the nations which they had not known. Thus the land became desolate after them, so that no one passed through or returned; for they made the pleasant land desolate.”