Principles of Separation
1On that day #(Deut. 31:11, 12); 2 Kin. 23:2; Neh. 8:3, 8; 9:3; Is. 34:16they read from the Book of Moses in the hearing of the people, and in it was found written #Deut. 23:3, 4that no Ammonite or Moabite should ever come into the assembly of God, 2because they had not met the children of Israel with bread and water, but #Num. 22:5; Josh. 24:9, 10hired Balaam against them to curse them. #Num. 23:1; 24:10; Deut. 23:5However, our God turned the curse into a blessing. 3So it was, when they had heard the Law, #Neh. 9:2; 10:28that they separated all the mixed multitude from Israel.
The Reforms of Nehemiah
4Now before this, #Neh. 12:10Eliashib the priest, having authority over the storerooms of the house of our God, was allied with #Neh. 2:10; 4:3; 6:1Tobiah. 5And he had prepared for him a large room, #Neh. 12:44where previously they had stored the grain offerings, the frankincense, the articles, the tithes of grain, the new wine and oil, #Num. 18:21, 24which were commanded to be given to the Levites and singers and gatekeepers, and the offerings for the priests. 6But during all this I was not in Jerusalem, #Neh. 5:14–16for in the thirty-second year of Artaxerxes king of Babylon I had returned to the king. Then after certain days I obtained leave from the king, 7and I came to Jerusalem and discovered the evil that Eliashib had done for Tobiah, in #Neh. 13:1, 5preparing a room for him in the courts of the house of God. 8And it grieved me bitterly; therefore I threw all the household goods of Tobiah out of the room. 9Then I commanded them to #2 Chr. 29:5, 15, 16cleanse the rooms; and I brought back into them the articles of the house of God, with the grain offering and the frankincense.
10I also realized that the portions for the Levites had #Neh. 10:37; Mal. 3:8not been given them; for each of the Levites and the singers who did the work had gone back to #Num. 35:2his field. 11So #Neh. 13:17, 25I contended with the rulers, and said, #Neh. 10:39“Why is the house of God forsaken?” And I gathered them together and set them in their place. 12#Neh. 10:38; 12:44Then all Judah brought the tithe of the grain and the new wine and the oil to the storehouse. 13#2 Chr. 31:12And I appointed as treasurers over the storehouse Shelemiah the priest and Zadok the scribe, and of the Levites, Pedaiah; and next to them was Hanan the son of Zaccur, the son of Mattaniah; for they were considered #1 Cor. 4:2faithful, and their task was to distribute to their brethren.
14#Neh. 5:19; 13:22, 31Remember me, O my God, concerning this, and do not wipe out my good deeds that I have done for the house of my God, and for its services!
15In those days I saw people in Judah treading wine presses #(Ex. 20:10)on the Sabbath, and bringing in sheaves, and loading donkeys with wine, grapes, figs, and all kinds of burdens, #Neh. 10:31; (Jer. 17:21)which they brought into Jerusalem on the Sabbath day. And I warned them about the day on which they were selling provisions. 16Men of Tyre dwelt there also, who brought in fish and all kinds of goods, and sold them on the Sabbath to the children of Judah, and in Jerusalem.
17Then I contended with the nobles of Judah, and said to them, “What evil thing is this that you do, by which you profane the Sabbath day? 18#Ezra 9:13; (Jer. 17:21)Did not your fathers do thus, and did not our God bring all this disaster on us and on this city? Yet you bring added wrath on Israel by profaning the Sabbath.”
19So it was, at the gates of Jerusalem, as it #Lev. 23:32began to be dark before the Sabbath, that I commanded the gates to be shut, and charged that they must not be opened till after the Sabbath. #Jer. 17:21, 22Then I posted some of my servants at the gates, so that no burdens would be brought in on the Sabbath day. 20Now the merchants and sellers of all kinds of wares lodged outside Jerusalem once or twice.
21Then I warned them, and said to them, “Why do you spend the night around the wall? If you do so again, I will lay hands on you!” From that time on they came no more on the Sabbath. 22And I commanded the Levites that #1 Chr. 15:12; Neh. 12:30they should cleanse themselves, and that they should go and guard the gates, to sanctify the Sabbath day.
Remember me, O my God, concerning this also, and spare me according to the greatness of Your mercy!
23In those days I also saw Jews who #(Ex. 34:16; Deut. 7:3, 4); Ezra 9:2; Neh. 10:30had married women of #Neh. 4:7Ashdod, Ammon, and Moab. 24And half of their children spoke the language of Ashdod, and could not speak the language of Judah, but spoke according to the language of one or the other people.
25So I #Prov. 28:4contended with them and cursed them, struck some of them and pulled out their hair, and made them #Ezra 10:5; Neh. 10:29, 30swear by God, saying, “You shall not give your daughters as wives to their sons, nor take their daughters for your sons or yourselves. 26#1 Kin. 11:1, 2Did not Solomon king of Israel sin by these things? Yet among many nations there was no king like him, #2 Sam. 12:24, 25who was beloved of his God; and God made him king over all Israel. #1 Kin. 11:4–8Nevertheless pagan women caused even him to sin. 27Should we then hear of your doing all this great evil, #(Ezra 10:2); Neh. 13:23transgressing against our God by marrying pagan women?”
28And one of the sons #Neh. 12:10, 12of Joiada, the son of Eliashib the high priest, was a son-in-law of #Neh. 4:1, 7; 6:1, 2Sanballat the Horonite; therefore I drove him from me.
29#Neh. 6:14Remember them, O my God, because they have defiled the priesthood and #Mal. 2:4, 11, 12the covenant of the priesthood and the Levites.
30#Neh. 10:30Thus I cleansed them of everything pagan. I also #Neh. 12:1assigned duties to the priests and the Levites, each to his service, 31and to bringing #Neh. 10:34the wood offering and the firstfruits at appointed times.
#Neh. 13:14, 22Remember me, O my God, for good!