Promise of Blessing and Retribution
1‘You shall #Ex. 20:4, 5; Deut. 4:15–18; 5:8not make idols for yourselves;
neither a carved image nor a sacred pillar shall you rear up for yourselves;
nor shall you set up an engraved stone in your land, to bow down to it;
for I am the Lord your God.
2#Lev. 19:30You shall keep My Sabbaths and reverence My sanctuary:
I am the Lord.
3#Deut. 28:1–14‘If you walk in My statutes and keep My commandments, and perform them,
4#Is. 30:23then I will give you rain in its season, #Ps. 67:6the land shall yield its produce, and the trees of the field shall yield their fruit.
5#Deut. 11:15; Joel 2:19, 26; Amos 9:13Your threshing shall last till the time of vintage, and the vintage shall last till the time of sowing;
you shall eat your bread to the full, and #Lev. 25:18, 19; Ezek. 34:25dwell in your land safely.
6#Is. 45:7I will give peace in the land, and #Job 11:19; Ps. 4:8; Zeph. 3:13you shall lie down, and none will make you afraid;
I will rid the land of #2 Kin. 17:25; Hos. 2:18evil beasts,
and #Ezek. 14:17the sword will not go through your land.
7You will chase your enemies, and they shall fall by the sword before you.
8#Deut. 32:30; Judg. 7:7–12Five of you shall chase a hundred, and a hundred of you shall put ten thousand to flight;
your enemies shall fall by the sword before you.
9‘For I will #Ex. 2:25; 2 Kin. 13:23look on you favorably and #Gen. 17:6, 7; Ps. 107:38make you fruitful, multiply you and confirm My #Gen. 17:1–7covenant with you.
10You shall eat the #Lev. 25:22old harvest, and clear out the old because of the new.
11#Ex. 25:8; 29:45, 46; Josh. 22:19; Ps. 76:2; Ezek. 37:26; Rev. 21:3I will set My tabernacle among you, and My soul shall not abhor you.
12#Deut. 23:14; (2 Cor. 6:16)I will walk among you and be your God, and you shall be My people.
13I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, that you should not be their slaves;
I have broken the bands of your #Gen. 27:40yoke and made you walk upright.
14‘But if you do not obey Me, and do not observe all these commandments,
15and if you despise My statutes, or if your soul abhors My judgments, so that you do not perform all My commandments, but break My covenant,
16I also will do this to you:
I will even appoint terror over you, #Deut. 28:22wasting disease and fever which shall #1 Sam. 2:33consume the eyes and #Ezek. 24:23; 33:10cause sorrow of heart.
And #Judg. 6:3–6; Job 31:8; Mic. 6:15you shall sow your seed in vain, for your enemies shall eat it.
17I will set #Ps. 34:16My face against you, and #Deut. 28:25; 1 Sam. 4:10; 31:1you shall be defeated by your enemies.
#Ps. 106:41Those who hate you shall reign over you, and you shall #Prov. 28:1flee when no one pursues you.
18‘And after all this, if you do not obey Me, then I will punish you #1 Sam. 2:5seven times more for your sins.
19I will #Is. 25:11break the pride of your power;
I #Deut. 28:23will make your heavens like iron and your earth like bronze.
20And your #Ps. 127:1; Is. 17:10, 11; 49:4; Jer. 12:13strength shall be spent in vain;
for your #Gen. 4:12; Deut. 11:17land shall not yield its produce, nor shall the trees of the land yield their fruit.
21‘Then, if you walk contrary to Me, and are not willing to obey Me, I will bring on you seven times more plagues, according to your sins.
22#Deut. 32:24; Ezek. 14:21I will also send wild beasts among you, which shall rob you of your children, destroy your livestock, and make you few in number;
and #Judg. 5:6; 2 Chr. 15:5; Zech. 7:14your highways shall be desolate.
23‘And if #Jer. 2:30; Amos 4:6–12by these things you are not reformed by Me, but walk contrary to Me,
24#Lev. 26:28, 41; Ps. 18:26then I also will walk contrary to you, and I will punish you yet seven times for your sins.
25And #Ezek. 5:17I will bring a sword against you that will execute the vengeance of the covenant;
when you are gathered together within your cities #Num. 16:49; Deut. 28:21; 2 Sam. 24:15I will send pestilence among you;
and you shall be delivered into the hand of the enemy.
26#Ps. 105:16; Is. 3:1; Ezek. 4:16, 17; 5:16When I have cut off your supply of bread, ten women shall bake your bread in one oven, and they shall bring back your bread by weight, #Mic. 6:14; Hag. 1:6and you shall eat and not be satisfied.
27‘And after all this, if you do not obey Me, but walk contrary to Me,
28then I also will walk contrary to you in fury;
and I, even I, will chastise you seven times for your sins.
29#Deut. 28:53; 2 Kin. 6:28, 29You shall eat the flesh of your sons, and you shall eat the flesh of your daughters.
30#1 Kin. 13:2; 2 Chr. 34:3; Is. 27:9; Ezek. 6:3–6, 13I will destroy your high places, cut down your incense altars, and cast your carcasses on the lifeless forms of your idols;
and My soul shall abhor you.
31I will lay your #2 Kin. 25:4, 10cities waste and #2 Chr. 36:19; Ps. 74:7bring your sanctuaries to desolation, and I will not #Is. 1:11–15smell the fragrance of your sweet aromas.
32#Jer. 9:11; 18:16I will bring the land to desolation, and your enemies who dwell in it shall be astonished at it.
33#Deut. 4:27; Ps. 44:11; Ezek. 12:15; 20:23; 22:15; Zech. 7:14I will scatter you among the nations and draw out a sword after you;
your land shall be desolate and your cities waste.
34#Lev. 26:43; 2 Chr. 36:21Then the land shall enjoy its sabbaths as long as it lies desolate and you are in your enemies’ land;
then the land shall rest and enjoy its sabbaths.
35As long as it lies desolate it shall rest—
for the time it did not rest on your #Lev. 25:2sabbaths when you dwelt in it.
36‘And as for those of you who are left, I will send #Is. 30:17; Lam. 1:3, 6; 4:19; Ezek. 21:7, 12, 15faintness into their hearts in the lands of their enemies;
the sound of a shaken leaf shall cause them to flee;
they shall flee as though fleeing from a sword, and they shall fall when no one pursues.
37#Judg. 7:22; 1 Sam. 14:15, 16; Is. 10:4They shall stumble over one another, as it were before a sword, when no one pursues;
and #Josh. 7:12, 13; Judg. 2:14you shall have no power to stand before your enemies.
38You shall #Deut. 4:26perish among the nations, and the land of your enemies shall eat you up.
39And those of you who are left #Deut. 28:65; Ezek. 4:17; 33:10; Zech. 10:9shall waste away in their iniquity in your enemies’ lands;
also in their #Ex. 34:7fathers’ iniquities, which are with them, they shall waste away.
40‘But #Num. 5:7; 1 Kin. 8:33, 34; Neh. 9:2; Luke 15:18; (1 John 1:9)if they confess their iniquity and the iniquity of their fathers, with their unfaithfulness in which they were unfaithful to Me, and that they also have walked contrary to Me,
41and that I also have walked contrary to them and have brought them into the land of their enemies;
if their #Acts 7:51; Rom. 2:29uncircumcised hearts are #2 Chr. 12:6, 7, 12; 1 Pet. 5:5, 6humbled, and they #Ps. 39:9; 51:3, 4; Dan. 9:7accept their guilt—
42then I will #Ex. 2:24; 6:5; Ps. 106:45; Ezek. 16:60remember My covenant with Jacob, and My covenant with Isaac and My covenant with Abraham I will remember;
I will #Ps. 136:23remember the land.
43#Lev. 26:34, 35The land also shall be left empty by them, and will enjoy its sabbaths while it lies desolate without them;
they will accept their guilt, because they #Lev. 26:15despised My judgments and because their soul abhorred My statutes.
44Yet for all that, when they are in the land of their enemies, #Deut. 4:31; 2 Kin. 13:23; Jer. 30:11; (Rom. 11:1–36)I will not cast them away, nor shall I abhor them, to utterly destroy them and break My covenant with them;
for I am the Lord their God.
45But #(Rom. 11:28)for their sake I will remember the covenant of their ancestors, #Lev. 22:33; 25:38whom I brought out of the land of Egypt #Ps. 98:2; Ezek. 20:9, 14, 22in the sight of the nations, that I might be their God:
I am the Lord.’ ”
46#Lev. 27:34; Deut. 6:1; 12:1; (John 1:17)These are the statutes and judgments and laws which the Lord made between Himself and the children of Israel #Lev. 25:1on Mount Sinai by the hand of Moses.