The Day of Atonement
1Now the Lord spoke to Moses after #Lev. 10:122 Sam. 6:6–8the death of the two sons of Aaron, when they offered profane fire before the Lord, and died; 2and the Lord said to Moses: “Tell Aaron your brother #Ex. 30:10Lev. 16:34Le 23:27(Heb. 6:19Le 9:7812Le 10:19)not to come at just any time into the Holy Place inside the veil, before the mercy seat which is on the ark, lest he die; for #Ex. 25:2122Ex 40:341 Kin. 8:10–12I will appear in the cloud above the mercy seat.
3“Thus Aaron shall #Lev. 4:1–12Le 16:6(Heb. 9:7122425)come into the Holy Place: #Lev. 4:3with the blood of a young bull as a sin offering, and of a ram as a burnt offering. 4He shall put the #Ex. 28:394243Lev. 6:10Ezek. 44:1718holy linen tunic and the linen trousers on his body; #Ex. 30:20Lev. 8:67he shall be girded with a linen sash, and with the linen turban he shall be attired. These are holy garments. Therefore he shall wash his body in water, and put them on. 5And he shall take from #Lev. 4:14Num. 29:112 Chr. 29:21Ezra 6:17Ezek. 45:2223the congregation of the children of Israel two kids of the goats as a sin offering, and one ram as a burnt offering.
6“Aaron shall offer the bull as a sin offering, which is for himself, and #Lev. 9:7(Heb. 5:3Le 7:2728Le 9:7)make atonement for himself and for his house. 7He shall take the two goats and present them before the Lord at the door of the tabernacle of meeting. 8Then Aaron shall cast lots for the two goats: one lot for the Lord and the other lot for the scapegoat. 9And Aaron shall bring the goat on which the Lord’s lot fell, and offer it as a sin offering. 10But the goat on which the lot fell to be the scapegoat shall be presented alive before the Lord, to make #(Is. 53:5Rom. 3:25Heb. 7:27Heb 9:23241 John 2:2)atonement upon it, and to let it go as the scapegoat into the wilderness.
11“And Aaron shall bring the bull of the sin offering, which is for himself, and make atonement for #(Heb. 7:27|NoBook| 9:7)himself and for his house, and shall kill the bull as the sin offering which is for himself. 12Then he shall take #Lev. 10:1Num. 16:718Is. 6:67Rev. 8:5a censer full of burning coals of fire from the altar before the Lord, with his hands full of #Ex. 30:34–38sweet incense beaten fine, and bring it inside the veil. 13#Ex. 30:78Num. 16:71846And he shall put the incense on the fire before the Lord, that the cloud of incense may cover the #Ex. 25:21mercy seat that is on the Testimony, lest he #Ex. 28:43Lev. 22:9Num. 4:1520die. 14#Lev. 4:5(Heb. 9:25Le 10:4)He shall take some of the blood of the bull and #Lev. 4:617sprinkle it with his finger on the mercy seat on the east side; and before the mercy seat he shall sprinkle some of the blood with his finger seven times.
15#(Heb. 2:17)“Then he shall kill the goat of the sin offering, which is for the people, bring its blood #(Heb. 6:19|NoBook| 7:27|NoBook| 9:3inside the veil, do with that blood as he did with the blood of the bull, and sprinkle it on the mercy seat and before the mercy seat. 16So he shall #Ex. 29:36Ex 30:10Ezek. 45:18(Heb. 9:22–24)make atonement for the Holy Place, because of the uncleanness of the children of Israel, and because of their transgressions, for all their sins; and so he shall do for the tabernacle of meeting which remains among them in the midst of their uncleanness. 17There shall be #Ex. 34:3Luke 1:10no man in the tabernacle of meeting when he goes in to make atonement in the Holy Place, until he comes out, that he may make atonement for himself, for his household, and for all the assembly of Israel. 18And he shall go out to the altar that is before the Lord, and make atonement for #Ex. 29:36it, and shall take some of the blood of the bull and some of the blood of the goat, and put it on the horns of the altar all around. 19Then he shall sprinkle some of the blood on it with his finger seven times, cleanse it, and #Lev. 16:14Ezek. 43:20consecrate it from the uncleanness of the children of Israel.
20“And when he has made an end of atoning for the Holy Place, the tabernacle of meeting, and the altar, he shall bring the live goat. 21Aaron shall lay both his hands on the head of the live goat, #Lev. 5:5Le 26:40confess over it all the iniquities of the children of Israel, and all their transgressions, concerning all their sins, #(Is. 53:6)putting them on the head of the goat, and shall send it away into the wilderness by the hand of a suitable man. 22The goat shall #Lev. 8:14(Is. 53:61112John 1:29Heb. 9:281 Pet. 2:24)bear on itself all their iniquities to an uninhabited land; and he shall #Lev. 14:7release the goat in the wilderness.
23“Then Aaron shall come into the tabernacle of meeting, #Lev. 6:11Le 16:4Ezek. 42:14Eze 44:19shall take off the linen garments which he put on when he went into the Holy Place, and shall leave them there. 24And he shall wash his body with water in a holy place, put on his garments, come out and offer his burnt offering and the burnt offering of the people, and make atonement for himself and for the people. 25#Lev. 1:8Le 4:10The fat of the sin offering he shall burn on the altar. 26And he who released the goat as the scapegoat shall wash his clothes #Lev. 15:5and bathe his body in water, and afterward he may come into the camp. 27#Lev. 4:1221Le 6:30Heb. 13:11The bull for the sin offering and the goat for the sin offering, whose blood was brought in to make atonement in the Holy Place, shall be carried outside the camp. And they shall burn in the fire their skins, their flesh, and their offal. 28Then he who burns them shall wash his clothes and bathe his body in water, and afterward he may come into the camp.
29“This shall be a statute forever for you: #Ex. 30:10Lev. 23:27–32Num. 29:7In the seventh month, on the tenth day of the month, you shall afflict your souls, and do no work at all, whether a native of your own country or a stranger who dwells among you. 30For on that day the priest shall make atonement for you, to #Ps. 51:2Jer. 33:8(Eph. 5:26Heb. 9:13141 John 1:79)cleanse you, that you may be clean from all your sins before the Lord. 31#Lev. 23:2732Ezra 8:21Is. 58:35Dan. 10:12It is a sabbath of solemn rest for you, and you shall afflict your souls. It is a statute forever. 32#Lev. 4:3516Le 21:10And the priest, who is anointed and #Ex. 29:2930Num. 20:2628consecrated to minister as priest in his father’s place, shall make atonement, and put on the linen clothes, the holy garments; 33then he shall make atonement for the Holy Sanctuary, and he shall make atonement for the tabernacle of meeting and for the altar, and he shall make atonement for the priests and for all the people of the assembly. 34#Lev. 23:31Num. 29:7This shall be an everlasting statute for you, to make atonement for the children of Israel, for all their sins, #Ex. 30:10(Heb. 9:72528)once a year.” And he did as the Lord commanded Moses.