Wives Provided for the Benjamites
1Now #Judg. 20:1the men of Israel had sworn an oath at Mizpah, saying, “None of us shall give his daughter to Benjamin as a wife.” 2Then the people came #Judg. 20:18, 26to the house of God, and remained there before God till evening. They lifted up their voices and wept bitterly, 3and said, “O Lord God of Israel, why has this come to pass in Israel, that today there should be one tribe missing in Israel?”
4So it was, on the next morning, that the people rose early and #Deut. 12:5; 2 Sam. 24:25built an altar there, and offered burnt offerings and peace offerings. 5The children of Israel said, “Who is there among all the tribes of Israel who did not come up with the assembly to the Lord?” #Judg. 20:1–3For they had made a great oath concerning anyone who had not come up to the Lord at Mizpah, saying, “He shall surely be put to death.” 6And the children of Israel grieved for Benjamin their brother, and said, “One tribe is cut off from Israel today. 7What shall we do for wives for those who remain, seeing we have sworn by the Lord that we will not give them our daughters as wives?”
8And they said, “What one is there from the tribes of Israel who did not come up to Mizpah to the Lord?” And, in fact, no one had come to the camp from #1 Sam. 11:1; 31:11Jabesh Gilead to the assembly. 9For when the people were counted, indeed, not one of the inhabitants of Jabesh Gilead was there. 10So the congregation sent out there twelve thousand of their most valiant men, and commanded them, saying, #Num. 31:17; Judg. 5:23; 1 Sam. 11:7“Go and strike the inhabitants of Jabesh Gilead with the edge of the sword, including the women and children. 11And this is the thing that you shall do: #Num. 31:17; Deut. 20:13, 14You shall utterly destroy every male, and every woman who has known a man intimately.” 12So they found among the inhabitants of Jabesh Gilead four hundred young virgins who had not known a man intimately; and they brought them to the camp at #Josh. 18:1; Judg. 18:31Shiloh, which is in the land of Canaan.
13Then the whole congregation sent word to the children of Benjamin #Judg. 20:47who were at the rock of Rimmon, and announced peace to them. 14So Benjamin came back at that time, and they gave them the women whom they had saved alive of the women of Jabesh Gilead; and yet they had not found enough for them.
15And the people #Judg. 21:6grieved for Benjamin, because the Lord had made a void in the tribes of Israel.
16Then the elders of the congregation said, “What shall we do for wives for those who remain, since the women of Benjamin have been destroyed?” 17And they said, “There must be an inheritance for the survivors of Benjamin, that a tribe may not be destroyed from Israel. 18However, we cannot give them wives from our daughters, #Judg. 11:35; 21:1for the children of Israel have sworn an oath, saying, ‘Cursed be the one who gives a wife to Benjamin.’ ” 19Then they said, “In fact, there is a yearly #Lev. 23:2feast of the Lord in #Deut. 12:5; Josh. 18:1; Judg. 18:31; 1 Sam. 1:3Shiloh, which is north of Bethel, on the east side of the #Judg. 20:31highway that goes up from Bethel to Shechem, and south of Lebonah.”
20Therefore they instructed the children of Benjamin, saying, “Go, lie in wait in the vineyards, 21and watch; and just when the daughters of Shiloh come out #Ex. 15:20; Judg. 11:34; 1 Sam. 18:6to perform their dances, then come out from the vineyards, and every man catch a wife for himself from the daughters of Shiloh; then go to the land of Benjamin. 22Then it shall be, when their fathers or their brothers come to us to complain, that we will say to them, ‘Be kind to them for our sakes, because we did not take a wife for any of them in the war; for it is not as though you have given the women to them at this time, making yourselves guilty of your oath.’ ”
23And the children of Benjamin did so; they took enough wives for their number from those who danced, whom they caught. Then they went and returned to their inheritance, and they #Judg. 20:48rebuilt the cities and dwelt in them. 24So the children of Israel departed from there at that time, every man to his tribe and family; they went out from there, every man to his inheritance.
25#Judg. 17:6; 18:1; 19:1In those days there was no king in Israel; #Deut. 12:8; Judg. 17:6everyone did what was right in his own eyes.