The Continuing Conquest of Canaan
1Now after the #Josh. 24:29death of Joshua it came to pass that the children of Israel #Num. 27:21; Judg. 20:18asked the Lord, saying, “Who shall be first to go up for us against the #Josh. 17:12, 13Canaanites to fight against them?”
2And the Lord said, #Gen. 49:8, 9; Rev. 5:5“Judah shall go up. Indeed I have delivered the land into his hand.”
3So Judah said to #Josh. 19:1Simeon his brother, “Come up with me to my allotted territory, that we may fight against the Canaanites; and #Judg. 1:17I will likewise go with you to your allotted territory.” And Simeon went with him. 4Then Judah went up, and the Lord delivered the Canaanites and the Perizzites into their hand; and they killed ten thousand men at #1 Sam. 11:8Bezek. 5And they found Adoni-Bezek in Bezek, and fought against him; and they defeated the Canaanites and the Perizzites. 6Then Adoni-Bezek fled, and they pursued him and caught him and cut off his thumbs and big toes. 7And Adoni-Bezek said, “Seventy kings with their thumbs and big toes cut off used to gather scraps under my table; #Lev. 24:19; 1 Sam. 15:33; (James 2:13)as I have done, so God has repaid me.” Then they brought him to Jerusalem, and there he died.
8Now #Josh. 15:63; Judg. 1:21the children of Judah fought against Jerusalem and took it; they struck it with the edge of the sword and set the city on fire. 9#Josh. 10:36; 11:21; 15:13And afterward the children of Judah went down to fight against the Canaanites who dwelt in the mountains, in the South, and in the lowland. 10Then Judah went against the Canaanites who dwelt in #Josh. 15:13–19Hebron. (Now the name of Hebron was formerly #Josh. 14:15Kirjath Arba.) And they killed Sheshai, Ahiman, and Talmai.
11#Josh. 15:15From there they went against the inhabitants of Debir. (The name of Debir was formerly Kirjath Sepher.)
12#Josh. 15:16, 17Then Caleb said, “Whoever attacks Kirjath Sepher and takes it, to him I will give my daughter Achsah as wife.” 13And Othniel the son of Kenaz, #Judg. 3:9Caleb’s younger brother, took it; so he gave him his daughter Achsah as wife. 14#Josh. 15:18, 19Now it happened, when she came to him, that she urged him to ask her father for a field. And she dismounted from her donkey, and Caleb said to her, “What do you wish?” 15So she said to him, #Gen. 33:11“Give me a blessing; since you have given me land in the South, give me also springs of water.”
And Caleb gave her the upper springs and the lower springs.
16#Num. 10:29–32; Judg. 4:11, 17; 1 Sam. 15:6; 1 Chr. 2:55Now the children of the Kenite, Moses’ father-in-law, went up #Deut. 34:3; Judg. 3:13from the City of Palms with the children of Judah into the Wilderness of Judah, which lies in the South near #Josh. 12:14Arad; #1 Sam. 15:6and they went and dwelt among the people. 17#Judg. 1:3And Judah went with his brother Simeon, and they attacked the Canaanites who inhabited Zephath, and utterly destroyed it. So the name of the city was called #Num. 21:3; Josh. 19:4Hormah. 18Also Judah took #Josh. 11:22Gaza with its territory, Ashkelon with its territory, and Ekron with its territory. 19So the Lord was with Judah. And they drove out the mountaineers, but they could not drive out the inhabitants of the lowland, because they had #Josh. 17:16, 18; Judg. 4:3, 13chariots of iron. 20#Num. 14:24; Josh. 14:9, 14And they gave Hebron to Caleb, as Moses had said. Then he expelled from there the #Josh. 15:14; Judg. 1:10three sons of Anak. 21#Josh. 15:63; Judg. 1:8But the children of Benjamin did not drive out the Jebusites who inhabited Jerusalem; so the Jebusites dwell with the children of Benjamin in Jerusalem to this day.
22And the house of Joseph also went up against Bethel, #Judg. 1:19and the Lord was with them. 23So the house of Joseph #Josh. 2:1; 7:2sent men to spy out Bethel. (The name of the city was formerly #Gen. 28:19Luz.) 24And when the spies saw a man coming out of the city, they said to him, “Please show us the entrance to the city, and #Josh. 2:12, 14we will show you mercy.” 25So he showed them the entrance to the city, and they struck the city with the edge of the sword; but they let the man and all his family go. 26And the man went to the land of the Hittites, built a city, and called its name Luz, which is its name to this day.
Incomplete Conquest of the Land
27#Josh. 17:11–13However, Manasseh did not drive out the inhabitants of Beth Shean and its villages, or #Josh. 21:25Taanach and its villages, or the inhabitants of #Josh. 17:11Dor and its villages, or the inhabitants of Ibleam and its villages, or the inhabitants of Megiddo and its villages; for the Canaanites were determined to dwell in that land. 28And it came to pass, when Israel was strong, that they put the Canaanites under tribute, but did not completely drive them out.
29#Josh. 16:10; 1 Kin. 9:16Nor did Ephraim drive out the Canaanites who dwelt in Gezer; so the Canaanites dwelt in Gezer among them.
30Nor did #Josh. 19:10–16Zebulun drive out the inhabitants of Kitron or the inhabitants of Nahalol; so the Canaanites dwelt among them, and were put under tribute.
31#Josh. 19:24–31Nor did Asher drive out the inhabitants of Acco or the inhabitants of Sidon, or of Ahlab, Achzib, Helbah, Aphik, or Rehob. 32So the Asherites #Ps. 106:34, 35dwelt among the Canaanites, the inhabitants of the land; for they did not drive them out.
33#Josh. 19:32–39Nor did Naphtali drive out the inhabitants of Beth Shemesh or the inhabitants of Beth Anath; but they dwelt among the Canaanites, the inhabitants of the land. Nevertheless the inhabitants of Beth Shemesh and Beth Anath were put under tribute to them.
34And the Amorites forced the children of Dan into the mountains, for they would not allow them to come down to the valley; 35and the Amorites were determined to dwell in Mount Heres, #Josh. 19:42in Aijalon, and in Shaalbim; yet when the strength of the house of Joseph became greater, they were put under tribute.
36Now the boundary of the Amorites was #Num. 34:4; Josh. 15:3from the Ascent of Akrabbim, from Sela, and upward.