The Ten Commandments
1And God spoke #Deut. 5:22all these words, saying:
2#Hos. 13:4“I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, #Ex. 13:3; Deut. 7:8out of the house of bondage.
3#Deut. 6:14; 2 Kin. 17:35; Jer. 25:6; 35:15“You shall have no other gods before Me.
4#Lev. 19:4; 26:1; Deut. 4:15–19; 27:15“You shall not make for yourself a carved image—any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth; 5#Is. 44:15, 19you shall not bow down to them nor serve them. #Ex. 34:14; Deut. 4:24; Josh. 24:19; Nah. 1:2For I, the Lord your God, am a jealous God, #Num. 14:18, 33; Deut. 5:9, 10; 1 Kin. 21:29; Ps. 79:8; Jer. 32:18visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children to the third and fourth generations of those who hate Me, 6but #Deut. 7:9; Rom. 11:28showing mercy to thousands, to those who love Me and keep My commandments.
7#Lev. 19:12; Deut. 6:13; 10:20; (Matt. 5:33–37)“You shall not take the name of the Lord your God in vain, for the Lord #Mic. 6:11will not hold him guiltless who takes His name in vain.
8#Ex. 23:12; 31:13–16; Lev. 26:2; Deut. 5:12“Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy. 9#Ex. 34:21; 35:2, 3; Lev. 23:3; Deut. 5:13; Luke 13:14Six days you shall labor and do all your work, 10but the #Gen. 2:2, 3seventh day is the Sabbath of the Lord your God. In it you shall do no work: you, nor your son, nor your daughter, nor your male servant, nor your female servant, nor your cattle, #Neh. 13:16–19nor your stranger who is within your gates. 11For #Gen. 2:2, 3; Ex. 31:17in six days the Lord made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them, and rested the seventh day. Therefore the Lord blessed the Sabbath day and hallowed it.
12#Lev. 19:3; Deut. 27:16; Matt. 15:4; 19:19; Mark 7:10; 10:19; Luke 18:20; Eph. 6:2“Honor your father and your mother, that your days may be #Deut. 5:16, 33; 6:2; 11:8, 9long upon the land which the Lord your God is giving you.
13#(Matt. 5:21, 22); 19:18; Mark 10:19; Luke 18:20; Rom. 13:9; (1 John 3:15)“You shall not murder.
14#Matt. 5:27; Mark 10:19; Luke 18:20; Rom. 13:9; James 2:11“You shall not commit #Lev. 20:10; Deut. 5:18adultery.
15#Ex. 21:16; Lev. 19:11, 13; Matt. 19:18; Rom. 13:9“You shall not steal.
16#Ex. 23:1, 7; Deut. 5:20; Matt. 19:18“You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.
17#(Luke 12:15); Rom. 7:7; 13:9; (Eph. 5:3, 5); Heb. 13:5“You shall not covet your neighbor’s house; #2 Sam. 11:2; (Matt. 5:28)you shall not covet your neighbor’s wife, nor his male servant, nor his female servant, nor his ox, nor his donkey, nor anything that is your neighbor’s.”
The People Afraid of God’s Presence
18Now #Heb. 12:18, 19all the people #Rev. 1:10, 12witnessed the thunderings, the lightning flashes, the sound of the trumpet, and the mountain #Ex. 19:16, 18smoking; and when the people saw it, they trembled and stood afar off. 19Then they said to Moses, #Gal. 3:19; Heb. 12:19“You speak with us, and we will hear; but #Deut. 5:5, 23–27let not God speak with us, lest we die.”
20And Moses said to the people, #Ex. 14:13; (Is. 41:10, 13)“Do not fear; #Ex. 15:25; (Deut. 13:3)for God has come to test you, and #Deut. 4:10; 6:24; Prov. 3:7; 16:6; Is. 8:13that His fear may be before you, so that you may not sin.” 21So the people stood afar off, but Moses drew near #Ex. 19:16; Deut. 5:22the thick darkness where God was.
The Law of the Altar
22Then the Lord said to Moses, “Thus you shall say to the children of Israel: ‘You have seen that I have talked with you #Deut. 4:36; 5:24, 26; Neh. 9:13from heaven. 23You shall not make anything to be #Ex. 32:1, 2, 4; Deut. 29:17with Me—gods of silver or gods of gold you shall not make for yourselves. 24An altar of #Ex. 20:25; 27:1–8earth you shall make for Me, and you shall sacrifice on it your burnt offerings and your peace offerings, #Ex. 24:5; Lev. 1:2your sheep and your oxen. In every #Deut. 12:5; 16:6, 11; 1 Kin. 9:3; 2 Chr. 6:6place where I record My name I will come to you, and I will #Gen. 12:2bless you. 25And #Deut. 27:5if you make Me an altar of stone, you shall not build it of hewn stone; for if you #Josh. 8:30, 31use your tool on it, you have profaned it. 26Nor shall you go up by steps to My altar, that your #Ex. 28:42, 43nakedness may not be exposed on it.’