Debts Canceled Every Seven Years
1“At the end of #Ex. 21:2Ex 23:1011Lev. 25:4Jer. 34:14every seven years you shall grant a release of debts. 2And this is the form of the release: Every creditor who has lent anything to his neighbor shall release it; he shall not require it of his neighbor or his brother, because it is called the Lord’s release. 3Of a foreigner you may require it; but you shall give up your claim to what is owed by your brother, 4except when there may be no poor among you; for the Lord will greatly #Deut. 7:13bless you in the land which the Lord your God is giving you to possess as an inheritance— 5only if you carefully obey the voice of the Lord your God, to observe with care all these commandments which I command you today. 6For the Lord your God will bless you just as He promised you; #Deut. 28:1244you shall lend to many nations, but you shall not borrow; you shall reign over many nations, but they shall not reign over you.
Generosity to the Poor
7“If there is among you a poor man of your brethren, within any of the gates in your land which the Lord your God is giving you, #Ex. 23:6Lev. 25:35–37Deut. 24:12–14(1 John 3:17)you shall not harden your heart nor shut your hand from your poor brother, 8but #Matt. 5:42Gal. 2:10you shall open your hand wide to him and willingly lend him sufficient for his need, whatever he needs. 9Beware lest there be a wicked thought in your heart, saying, ‘The seventh year, the year of release, is at hand,’ and your #Deut. 28:5456eye be evil against your poor brother and you give him nothing, and #Ex. 22:23Deut. 24:15Job 34:28Ps. 12:5James 5:4he cry out to the Lord against you, and #(Matt. 25:41it become sin among you. 10You shall surely give to him, and #2 Cor. 9:5your heart should not be grieved when you give to him, because #Deut. 14:29Ps. 41:1Prov. 22:9for this thing the Lord your God will bless you in all your works and in all to which you put your hand. 11For #Matt. 26:11Mark 14:7John 12:8the poor will never cease from the land; therefore I command you, saying, ‘You shall open your hand wide to your brother, to your poor and your needy, in your land.’
The Law Concerning Bondservants
12#Ex. 21:2–6Jer. 34:14“If your brother, a Hebrew man, or a Hebrew woman, is #Lev. 25:39–46sold to you and serves you six years, then in the seventh year you shall let him go free from you. 13And when you send him away free from you, you shall not let him go away empty-handed; 14you shall supply him liberally from your flock, from your threshing floor, and from your winepress. From what the Lord your God has #Prov. 10:22blessed you with, you shall give to him. 15#Deut. 5:15You shall remember that you were a slave in the land of Egypt, and the Lord your God redeemed you; therefore I command you this thing today. 16#Ex. 21:56And if it happens that he says to you, ‘I will not go away from you,’ because he loves you and your house, since he prospers with you, 17then you shall take an awl and thrust it through his ear to the door, and he shall be your servant forever. Also to your female servant you shall do likewise. 18It shall not seem hard to you when you send him away free from you; for he has been worth #Is. 16:14a double hired servant in serving you six years. Then the Lord your God will bless you in all that you do.
The Law Concerning Firstborn Animals
19#Ex. 13:212“All the firstborn males that come from your herd and your flock you shall sanctify to the Lord your God; you shall do no work with the firstborn of your herd, nor shear the firstborn of your flock. 20#Lev. 7:15–18Deut. 12:5De 14:23You and your household shall eat it before the Lord your God year by year in the place which the Lord chooses. 21#Lev. 22:19–25Deut. 17:1But if there is a defect in it, if it is lame or blind or has any serious defect, you shall not sacrifice it to the Lord your God. 22You may eat it within your gates; #Deut. 12:151622the unclean and the clean person alike may eat it, as if it were a gazelle or a deer. 23Only you shall not eat its blood; you shall pour it on the ground like water.