Daniel and His Friends Obey God
1In the third year of the reign of #2 Kin. 24:1, 2; 2 Chr. 36:5–7; Jer. 25:1; 52:12–30Jehoiakim king of Judah, Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came to Jerusalem and besieged it. 2And the Lord gave Jehoiakim king of Judah into his hand, with #2 Chr. 36:7; Jer. 27:19, 20; Dan. 5:2some of the articles of the house of God, which he carried #Gen. 10:10; 11:2; Is. 11:11; Zech. 5:11into the land of Shinar to the house of his god; #2 Chr. 36:7and he brought the articles into the treasure house of his god.
3Then the king instructed Ashpenaz, the master of his eunuchs, to bring #2 Kin. 20:17, 18; Is. 39:7some of the children of Israel and some of the king’s descendants and some of the nobles, 4young men #Lev. 24:19, 20in whom there was no blemish, but good-looking, gifted in all wisdom, possessing knowledge and quick to understand, who had ability to serve in the king’s palace, and #Acts 7:22whom they might teach the language and literature of the Chaldeans. 5And the king appointed for them a daily provision of the king’s delicacies and of the wine which he drank, and three years of training for them, so that at the end of that time they might #Gen. 41:46; 1 Sam. 16:22; 1 Kin. 10:8; Dan. 1:19serve before the king. 6Now from among those of the sons of Judah were Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah. 7#Gen. 41:45; 2 Kin. 24:17To them the chief of the eunuchs gave names: #Dan. 2:26; 4:8; 5:12he gave Daniel the name Belteshazzar; to Hananiah, Shadrach; to Mishael, Meshach; and to Azariah, Abed-Nego.
8But Daniel purposed in his heart that he would not defile himself #Lev. 11:47; Deut. 32:38; Ezek. 4:13; Hos. 9:3with the portion of the king’s delicacies, nor with the wine which he drank; therefore he requested of the chief of the eunuchs that he might not defile himself. 9Now #Gen. 39:21; 1 Kin. 8:50; (Job 5:15, 16); Ps. 106:46; (Prov. 16:7); Acts 7:10; 27:3God had brought Daniel into the favor and goodwill of the chief of the eunuchs. 10And the chief of the eunuchs said to Daniel, “I fear my lord the king, who has appointed your food and drink. For why should he see your faces looking worse than the young men who are your age? Then you would endanger my head before the king.”
11So Daniel said to the steward whom the chief of the eunuchs had set over Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah, 12“Please test your servants for ten days, and let them give us vegetables to eat and water to drink. 13Then let our appearance be examined before you, and the appearance of the young men who eat the portion of the king’s delicacies; and as you see fit, so deal with your servants.” 14So he consented with them in this matter, and tested them ten days.
15And at the end of ten days their features appeared better and fatter in flesh than all the young men who ate the portion of the king’s delicacies. 16Thus the steward took away their portion of delicacies and the wine that they were to drink, and gave them vegetables.
17As for these four young men, #1 Kin. 3:12, 28; 2 Chr. 1:10–12; (Luke 21:15; James 1:5–7)God gave them #Acts 7:22knowledge and skill in all literature and wisdom; and Daniel had #Num. 12:6; 2 Chr. 26:5; Dan. 5:11, 12, 14; 10:1understanding in all visions and dreams.
18Now at the end of the days, when the king had said that they should be brought in, the chief of the eunuchs brought them in before Nebuchadnezzar. 19Then the king interviewed them, and among them all none was found like Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah; therefore #Gen. 41:46; (Prov. 22:29); Dan. 1:5they served before the king. 20#1 Kin. 10:1And in all matters of wisdom and understanding about which the king examined them, he found them ten times better than all the magicians and astrologers who were in all his realm. 21#Dan. 6:28; 10:1Thus Daniel continued until the first year of King Cyrus.